Karl Marx


Born
in Trier, Germany
May 05, 1818

Died
March 14, 1883

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Influences


In 1818, Karl Marx, descended from a long line of rabbis, was born in Prussian Rhineland. Marx's' father converted to Protestantism shortly before Karl's birth. Educated at the Universities of Bonn, Jena, and Berlin, Marx founded the Socialist newspaper Vorwarts in 1844 in Paris. After being expelled from France at the urging of the Prussian government, which "banished" Marx in absentia, Marx studied economics in Brussels. He and Engels founded the Communist League in 1847 and published the Communist Manifesto. After the failed revolution of 1848 in Germany, in which Marx participated, he eventually wound up in London. Marx worked as foreign correspondent for several U.S. publications. His Das Kapital came out in three volumes (1867, 1885 a ...more

Average rating: 3.72 · 143,213 ratings · 5,965 reviews · 878 distinct worksSimilar authors
The Communist Manifesto

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3.54 avg rating — 83,573 ratings — published 1848 — 1185 editions
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Capital, Vol 1: A Critical ...

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4.20 avg rating — 6,549 ratings — published 1867 — 215 editions
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Das Kapital

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3.82 avg rating — 6,642 ratings — published 1867 — 254 editions
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The Marx-Engels Reader

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3.95 avg rating — 5,482 ratings — published 1971 — 5 editions
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The Eighteenth Brumaire of ...

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4.09 avg rating — 2,626 ratings — published 1852 — 173 editions
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German Ideology

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4.05 avg rating — 2,708 ratings — published 1932 — 69 editions
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Economic & Philosophic Manu...

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4.10 avg rating — 2,368 ratings — published 1844 — 49 editions
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Grundrisse: Foundations of ...

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4.25 avg rating — 1,433 ratings — published 1857 — 28 editions
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Selected Writings

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3.97 avg rating — 1,439 ratings — published 1977 — 17 editions
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Capital: The Process of Cir...

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4.08 avg rating — 1,178 ratings — published 1885 — 101 editions
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More books by Karl Marx…
Capital, Vol 1: A Critical ... Capital: The Process of Cir... Capital: The Process of Cap...
(3 books)
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4.02 avg rating — 15,142 ratings

Kapital Manga Cilt:1 Kapital Manga Cilt:2
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The Revolutions of 1848 Surveys from Exile The First International and...
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Collected Works, Vol 1. Mar... Collected Works 3 1843-44 Collected Works 4 1844-45 Collected Works 5 1845-47 Collected Works 7 1848 Collected Works 8 1848-49
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3.40 avg rating — 104 ratings

“The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them.”
Karl Marx

“The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it.

[These words are also inscribed upon his grave]”
Karl Marx, Eleven Theses on Feuerbach

“The foundation of irreligious criticism is: Man makes religion, religion does not make man. Religion is, indeed, the self-consciousness and self-esteem of man who has either not yet won through to himself, or has already lost himself again. But man is no abstract being squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man – state, society. This state and this society produce religion, which is an inverted consciousness of the world, because they are an inverted world...

Religious suffering is, at one and the same time, the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.

The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand for their real happiness. To call on them to give up their illusions about their condition is to call on them to give up a condition that requires illusions. The criticism of religion is, therefore, in embryo, the criticism of that vale of tears of which religion is the halo.

Criticism has plucked the imaginary flowers on the chain not in order that man shall continue to bear that chain without fantasy or consolation, but so that he shall throw off the chain and pluck the living flower. The criticism of religion disillusions man, so that he will think, act, and fashion his reality like a man who has discarded his illusions and regained his senses, so that he will move around himself as his own true Sun. Religion is only the illusory Sun which revolves around man as long as he does not revolve around himself.”
Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right

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