Fernand Braudel


Born
in Luméville-en-Ornois, France
August 24, 1902

Died
November 27, 1985

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Fernand Braudel was a French historian and a leader of the Annales School. His scholarship focused on three main projects: The Mediterranean (1923–49, then 1949–66), Civilization and Capitalism (1955–79), and the unfinished Identity of France (1970–85). His reputation stems in part from his writings, but even more from his success in making the Annales School the most important engine of historical research in France and much of the world after 1950. As the dominant leader of the Annales School of historiography in the 1950s and 1960s, he exerted enormous influence on historical writing in France and other countries.

Braudel has been considered one of the greatest of the modern historians who have emphasized the role of large-scale
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Average rating: 4.17 · 5,508 ratings · 357 reviews · 79 distinct worksSimilar authors
Civilization and Capitalism...

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4.31 avg rating — 1,358 ratings — published 1979 — 39 editions
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The Mediterranean and the M...

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4.27 avg rating — 917 ratings — published 1949 — 34 editions
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A History of Civilizations

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3.84 avg rating — 811 ratings — published 1963 — 19 editions
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Civilization and Capitalism...

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4.42 avg rating — 411 ratings — published 1979 — 24 editions
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Civilization and Capitalism...

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4.39 avg rating — 349 ratings — published 1979 — 24 editions
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The Mediterranean and the M...

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4.45 avg rating — 354 ratings — published 1949 — 29 editions
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Memory and the Mediterranean

4.09 avg rating — 258 ratings — published 1998 — 18 editions
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On History

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3.65 avg rating — 142 ratings — published 1980 — 11 editions
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The Mediterranean in the An...

4.28 avg rating — 107 ratings — published 1972 — 3 editions
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Afterthoughts on Material C...

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3.49 avg rating — 271 ratings — published 1977 — 32 editions
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More books by Fernand Braudel…
Civilization and Capitalism... Civilization and Capitalism... Civilization and Capitalism...
(3 books)
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4.34 avg rating — 2,116 ratings

Civilization and Capitalism...
(1 book)
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4.31 avg rating — 1,358 ratings


The Mediterranean and the M... La Méditerranée: Les hommes...
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4.26 avg rating — 1,028 ratings

“Civilization is in fact the longest story of all. Civilization can persist through a series of economies.”
Fernand Braudel

“When the [colonial] contact was violent, in fact, failure was more frequent than success. 'Colonialism' may have triumphed in the past: but today it is an obvious fiasco. And colonialism, typically, is the submergence of one civilisation by another. The conqured always submit to the stronger; but their submission is merely provisional when civilisations clash.
Long periods of enforced coexistence may include concessions or agreements and important, often fruitful, cultural exchange. But the process always has its limits.”
Fernand Braudel, A History of Civilizations

“Semper versans, semper in motu. (mereu ratacind, mereu in miscare)”
Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Volume I
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