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Landslide: LBJ and Ronald Reagan at the Dawn of a New America
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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Apr 07, 2014 04:10PM) (new) - rated it 4 stars

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod

This is the glossary for Landslide: Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, and the Dismantling of Modern American Politics by Jonathan Darman and previously this was the glossary for The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Passage of Power by Robert A. Caro. We are extending the bibliography for the Darman book.

This is not a non spoiler thread so any urls and/or expansive discussion can take place here regarding this book. Additionally, this is the spot to add that additional information that may contain spoilers or any helpful urls, links, etc.

This thread is not to be used for self promotion.

The Passage of Power (The Years of Lyndon Johnson, #4) by Robert A. Caro by Robert A. Caro Robert A. Caro

Landslide Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, and the Dismantling of Modern American Politics by Jonathan Darman by Jonathan Darman (no photo)

Bryan Craig John F. Kennedy:


(brother of Edward M. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy, grandson of John Francis Fitzgerald, and uncle of Joseph Patrick Kennedy II and Patrick J. Kennedy), a Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts and 35th President of the United States; born in Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass., May 29, 1917; attended the public and private schools of Brookline, Mass., Choate School, Wallingford, Conn., the London School of Economics at London, England, and Princeton University; graduated from Harvard University in 1940; attended Stanford University School of Business; during the Second World War served as a lieutenant in the United States Navy 1941-1945; PT boat commander in the South Pacific; author and newspaper correspondent; elected as a Democrat to the Eightieth, Eighty-first, and Eighty-second Congresses (January 3, 1947-January 3, 1953); did not seek renomination in 1952; elected to the United States Senate in 1952; reelected in 1958 and served from January 3, 1953 to December 22, 1960, when he resigned to become President of the United States; chairman, Special Committee on the Senate Reception Room (Eighty-fourth and Eighty-fifth Congresses); unsuccessfully sought the Democratic vice presidential nomination in 1956; elected thirty-fifth President of the United States in 1960, and was inaugurated on January 20, 1961; died in Dallas, Tex., November 22, 1963, from the effects of an assassin’s bullet; remains returned to Washington, D.C.; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, November 24-25, 1963; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.; posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on December 6, 1993.


Bryan Craig Kenneth O' Donnell:


Kenneth O’Donnell’s relationship with the Kennedy family began at Harvard where he was Robert F. Kennedy's roommate. In 1946, RFK enlisted him to work for John F. Kennedy’s first congressional campaign. Mr. O’Donnell later played an important role in Kennedy’s election to the Senate over Henry Cabot Lodge, and went on to serve as the Senator’s unpaid political observer in Massachusetts. By 1958, Mr. O’Donnell had become a member of Senator Kennedy’s staff and in 1960, he was a key organizer of Kennedy’s presidential campaign. By virtue of his longtime association with the Kennedy family, Mr. O’Donnell was named White House Appointments Secretary, serving as President Kennedy’s political troubleshooter. Despite his commonplace title, Mr. O’Donnell also unofficially advised the President during the planning for the Bay of Pigs invasion as well as during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Mr. O’Donnell went on to serve as a Presidential Aide to Lyndon Johnson until 1965, and co-authored a memoir of President Kennedy in 1972.

(no image)Johnny We Hardly Knew Ye by Kenneth P. O'Donnell

Bryan Craig Claudia "Lady Bird" Johnson:


Claudia "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson believed a First Lady needed to be a "showman and a salesman, a clothes horse and a publicity sounding board, with a good heart, and a real interest in the folks." Satisfying these conditions would be a tall order for any woman, and even more so in the wake of the popular and well-heeled Jacqueline Kennedy. But Lady Bird rose to the occasion with an equanimity and a grace that rivaled her predecessor. Like Jackie Kennedy, however, Lady Bird was confident in her direction and her agenda as First Lady.

She asserted that, ideally, the First Lady should work in tandem with the President to promote his policies. But she also maintained that each presidential spouse "makes her own path," especially since "There are no requirements of the do what makes your heart sing." She recognized that it was the President who was elected, not the First Lady, and since both were "there as a team," it was "much more appropriate for her to work on projects that are a part of his Administration, a part of his aims and hopes for America." At the same time, she understood that "time will pass, and she'll get around to hers later on!"

Lady Bird assured that she got "hers" sooner rather than later. She worked to continue the White House renovations begun by Jackie Kennedy, drew attention to the accomplishments of working women, and supported a number of her husband's Great Society programs -- especially Head Start, a preschool education program for the working poor. She networked among congressional wives and urged the President to appoint women to government positions. Though she did not weigh in on the debate surrounding the Equal Rights Amendment, she showcased the abilities of women at her "Women Do-er Luncheons," where she invited female experts to speak on a wide range of issues.

Though active in a number of areas, Lady Bird's major focus was on the environment. Famous for her commitment to the "beautification" of the country, Lady Bird's program encompassed a much greater goal than simply planting flowers and removing ugly billboards. Indeed, it also included the preservation of historic sites, the conservation of natural resources, and the promotion of environmental protection. Lady Bird first pursued her project on a local level, hoping to use Washington, D.C., as a model for other cities and states. In 1964, she allied with philanthropists, environmental advocates, and African-American leaders in building parks and playgrounds, planting flowers, and establishing open spaces throughout the city and the Capitol. A year later, she expanded her focus, embarking on a national crusade to ensure the passage of the Highway Beautification Act of 1965, which would preserve the nation's natural beauty by controlling the explosion of billboards along highways and roads.

From the beginning, Lady Bird played an integral part in the crafting of the Highway Beautification Act and in lobbying lawmakers to pass the bill. Not even Eleanor Roosevelt had been so directly involved in policymaking. But Lady Bird confidently pursued her course and in doing so expanded the institutional role of the First Lady. Thousands of Americans rallied to her cause, including the President, who threw the weight of his administration behind his wife's campaign. Lyndon Baines Johnson announced, "I love that woman and she wants that Highway Beautification Act...By God, we're going to get it for her." Whether it was due to the President's activism or that of the First Lady, the Highway Beautification Act became law, though it was a considerably watered-down version of the one Lady Bird had envisioned.

Lady Bird's environmental activism was not limited to the nation's highways. She traveled to endangered areas throughout the nation, focusing attention on wilderness refuges and lobbying to preserve the California redwoods and the Grand Canyon. She lent her support to a youth conference on natural beauty and satisfied a flood of requests to discuss beautification projects throughout the nation.

Active in her own sphere, Lady Bird was also a presence in her husband's administration. Indeed, Lady Bird believed that "as a public figure, my job is to help my husband do his job." To that end, she read and edited many of the President's speeches, stayed informed about the political issues facing his administration, supported and promoted his Great Society programs, and closely monitored his health. She refused to be protected from criticism of her husband's administration, realizing that her role would occasion "tragedies" as well as "triumphs." As a result, she endured the jeers and boos from antiwar protestors who opposed America's involvement in Vietnam.

Although Lady Bird is often associated with the arguably small-scale achievement of planting flowers along America's highways, her legacy for future First Ladies is truly exceptional. Lady Bird was not only the first presidential spouse to be involved directly in policy planning, but was the first First Lady to have a staff director and a press secretary on her staff. In doing so, she expanded the powers of the First Lady in an administrative as well as a legislative capacity. She also contributed to the historical legacy of the first ladyship by keeping a formal record of what she had done each day during her tenure in the White House. She maintained a file of clippings, dictated her recollections, and kept a journal, ultimately publishing part of her collection as A White House Diary, which appeared in 1970.

When asked about previous First Ladies, Lady Bird Johnson expressed her regard for Dolley Madison, commenting, "I've always liked her very much because she seemed like she enjoyed her role. To be there, and not enjoy it is a great sadness." Lady Bird Johnson not only enjoyed being First Lady, she expanded the powers of the post, allowing future First Ladies to "enjoy" the same kind of influence -- in every sense of the word -- that she delighted in herself.


Bryan Craig Robert Kennedy:

(brother of John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Edward Moore Kennedy, grandson of John Francis Fitzgerald, uncle of Patrick J. Kennedy, and father of Joseph Patrick Kennedy II), a Senator from New York; born in Boston, Suffolk County, Mass., November 20, 1925; graduated from Milton (Mass.) Academy; served in the United States Navy Reserve 1944-1946; graduated from Harvard University in 1948 and from the University of Virginia Law School in 1951; admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1951; attorney, Criminal Division, Department of Justice 1951-1952; campaign manager for John F. Kennedy’s election to the United States Senate in 1952; assistant counsel, Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations 1953; assistant counsel, Hoover Commission 1953; chief counsel to the minority, Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations 1954, and chief counsel and staff director 1955; chief counsel of Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field 1957-1960; campaign manager for John F. Kennedy’s election to the Presidency in 1960; Attorney General of the United States from January 1961, until his resignation September 3, 1964, to be a candidate for the United States Senate; elected as a Democrat from New York to the United States Senate and served from January 3, 1965, until his death; died from the effects of an assassin’s bullet at Los Angeles, Calif., June 6, 1968, while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

Robert Kennedy and His Times by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
Robert Kennedy His Life by Evan Thomas Evan Thomas Evan Thomas
Mutual Contempt Lyndon Johnson, Robert Kennedy, and the Feud That Defined a Decade by Jeff Shesol Jeff Shesol

Bryan Craig Bobby Baker:

is a former political adviser to Lyndon B. Johnson, and an organizer for the Democratic Party.

Wheeling and Dealing Confessions of a Capitol Hill Operator by Bobby Baker Bobby Baker

message 7: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new) - rated it 4 stars

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Bryan wrote: "John F. Kennedy:

(brother of Edward M. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy, grandson of John Francis Fitzgerald, and uncle of Joseph Patrick Kennedy II and Patrick J. Kennedy), a Representative and a..."

Doesn't he look like a young kid in that picture?

Bryan Craig I'm amazed how much he has changed in 8 years. Look at his wedding pictures, the clothes seem to fall off him:


message 9: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new) - rated it 4 stars

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Amazing really although for an entire nation - he will be forever young.

The only ones who we saw as elder statesman or in their later years were Teddy and Joe Senior.

message 10: by G (last edited Sep 17, 2012 10:43AM) (new)

G Hodges (glh1) | 901 comments I apologize for adding this to the thread, but I love Jackie's dress - what I dreamt of for myself all those years ago. What makes this interesting to this club, however, is the designer, Ann Lowe.

Both of them look so very young and so thin!

Bryan Craig It is quite something, that dress.

We see a glimpse of things to come: the Kennedy mystique, something LBJ could not equal.

Bryan Craig George R. Brown:

was a prominent Houstonian entrepreneur. Brown led Brown & Root Inc. to become one of the largest construction companies in the world and helped to foster the political career of Lyndon B. Johnson.


Bryan Craig John Connally:


John Connally Jr. was born near Floresville, Texas, on February 27, 1917. He received a B.A. (1939) and an LL.B. (1941) from the University of Texas. Connally was President Kennedy's secretary of the Navy from 1961 until being elected governor of Texas in 1962. He was critically wounded in the assassination of President Kennedy, but he survived and was reelected governor in 1964 and 1966. Connally later served as Nixon's secretary of the treasury (1971-1972). He died of pulmonary fibrosis on June 15, 1993.


message 14: by Tomerobber (new)

Tomerobber | 334 comments Bentley wrote: "Amazing really although for an entire nation - he will be forever young.

The only ones who we saw as elder statesman or in their later years were Teddy and Joe Senior."

Unfortunately I lived through those turbulent times . . I was a 17 yr. old when he was murdered and I was not old enough to vote (and probably would not have voted for him anyway) but I remember walking across the living room floor when the TV made the announcement . . and all of the other events that took place in the following days.

Bryan Craig It must have been tragic and disheartening, Tomerobber

message 16: by Tomerobber (new)

Tomerobber | 334 comments I imagine the people who survived the Civil War in the century preceding that must have had similar reactions . . a memory you don't want to re-visit any time soon.

Bryan Craig No doubt. Thanks for sharing.

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Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
This was referred to already in the intro and elsewhere:

State of the Union (January 8, 1964)
Lyndon Baines Johnson

The video (amazing footage)

Bryan Craig Thanks, Bentley.

Bryan Craig Tom Corcoran:

a Representative from Illinois; born in Ottawa, LaSalle County, Ill., May 23, 1939; graduated from Marquette High School, Ottawa, Ill., 1957; B.A., University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Ind., 1961; graduate work at University of Illinois, 1962; University of Chicago, 1963; Northwestern University, 1967; United States Army, 1963-1965; director, State of Illinois Office, Washington, D.C., 1969-1972; staff for Illinois state senate president, 1973-1974; vice president, Chicago-North Western Transportation Co., 1974-1976; elected as a Republican to the Ninety-fifth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served until his resignation on November 28, 1984 (January 3, 1977-November 28, 1984); was not a candidate for reelection in 1984 to the Ninety-ninth Congress but was an unsuccessful candidate for nomination to the United States Senate; appointed to U.S. Synthetic Fuels Corporation, 1984.


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Bryan Craig Adlai Stevenson II:

U.S. politician and diplomat. The grandson of a vice president of the U.S., he practiced law in Chicago from 1926. During World War II he was assistant to the secretary of the navy (1941-44) and to the secretary of state (1945). He served as a U.S. delegate to the UN (1946-47). As governor of Illinois (1949-53), he introduced liberal reforms. Noted for his eloquence and wit, he was twice the Democratic candidate for president (1952, 1956) but lost both times to Dwight D. Eisenhower. He later served as chief U.S. representative to the UN (1961-1965).

(no image)Adlai Stevenson: His Life and Legacy by Porter McKeever
(no image)Adlai Stevenson of Illinois: The Life of Adlai E. Stevenson by John Bartlow Martin

Bryan Craig Phil Graham:

was an American newspaper publisher. He was the publisher (from 1946 until his death) and co-owner (from 1948) of The Washington Post. He was married to Katharine Graham, the daughter of Eugene Meyer, the previous owner of The Washington Post.


message 23: by Bryan (last edited Dec 16, 2014 07:22AM) (new) - rated it 3 stars

Bryan Craig Richard Russell:

a Senator from Georgia; born in Winder, Barrow County, Ga., November 2, 1897; attended the public schools; graduated from the Seventh District Agricultural and Mechanical School, Powder Springs, Ga., in 1914, from Gordon Institute, Barnesville, Ga., in 1915, and from the law department of the University of Georgia at Athens in 1918; admitted to the bar and commenced practice at Winder, Ga., in 1919; served with the United States Naval Reserve in 1918; member, State house of representatives 1921-1931, serving as speaker 1927-1931; Governor of Georgia 1931-1933; elected on November 8, 1932, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William J. Harris; reelected in 1936, 1942, 1948, 1954, 1960 and 1966 and served from January 12, 1933, until his death; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Ninety-first and Ninety-second Congresses; chairman, Committee on Immigration (Seventy-fifth through Seventy-ninth Congresses), Committee on Manufactures (Seventy-ninth Congress), Committee on Armed Services (Eighty-second and Eighty-fourth through Ninetieth Congresses), Committee on Appropriations (Ninety-first Congress); died on January 21, 1971, in Washington, D.C.; interment in Russell Memorial Park, Winder, Ga.

Colleagues Richard B. Russell and His Apprentice Lyndon B. Johnson by John A. Goldsmith John A. Goldsmith

Bryan Craig Sam Rayburn:

a Representative from Texas; born near Kingston, Roane County, Tenn., January 6, 1882; moved to Fannin County, Tex., in 1887 with his parents who settled near Windom; attended the rural schools and was graduated from the East Texas Normal College, Commerce, Tex., in 1903; studied law at the University of Texas at Austin; was admitted to the bar in 1908 and commenced practice in Bonham, Fannin County, Tex.; member of the State house of representatives 1907-1913, and served as speaker during the last two years; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-third and to the twenty-four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1913, until his death; chairman, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses); majority leader (Seventy-fifth and Seventy-sixth Congresses), minority leader (Eightieth and Eighty-third Congresses); elected Speaker of the House of Representatives September 16, 1940, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Speaker William B. Bankhead; reelected Speaker in the Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, Eighty-fourth, Eighty-fifth, Eighty-sixth, and Eighty-seventh Congresses; died in Bonham, Tex., November 16, 1961; interment in Willow Wild Cemetery.

(no image)Congressman Sam Rayburn by Anthony Champagne
(no image)Sam Rayburn : a biography by Alfred Steinberg
(no image)Rayburn: A Biography by D.B. Hardeman

Bryan Craig 1957 Civil Rights Act:

In 1957, President Eisenhower sent Congress a proposal for civil rights legislation. The result was the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. The new act established the Civil Rights Section of the Justice Department and empowered federal prosecutors to obtain court injunctions against interference with the right to vote. It also established a federal Civil Rights Commission with authority to investigate discriminatory conditions and recommend corrective measures. The final act was weakened by Congress due to lack of support among the Democrats.


Bryan Craig Estes Kefauver:

a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee; born on a farm near Madisonville, Monroe County, Tenn., July 26, 1903; attended the public schools; graduated from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville in 1924 and from the law department of Yale University, New Haven, Conn., in 1927; admitted to the bar in 1926 and commenced practice in Chattanooga, Tenn., in 1927; unsuccessful candidate for the State senate in 1936; State commissioner of finance and taxation 1939; elected on September 13, 1939, as a Democrat to the Seventy-sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Sam D. McReynolds; reelected to the Seventy-seventh and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from September 13, 1939, to January 3, 1949; did not seek renomination in 1948; elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat in 1948; reelected in 1954, and again in 1960, and served from January 3, 1949, until his death in the naval hospital at Bethesda, Md., August 10, 1963; gained national attention as chairman of the Special Committee on Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce (Eighty-first and Eighty-second Congresses), better known as the ”Kefauver Committee”; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952 and 1956; unsuccessful Democratic nominee for vice president of the United States in 1956 on the ticket with Adlai Stevenson; interment in the family cemetery, Madisonville, Tenn.

(no image)Estes Kefauver: A Biography by Charles L. Fontenay

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Bryan Craig Hubert Humphrey:

a Senator from Minnesota and a Vice President of the United States; born in Wallace, Codington County, S.Dak., May 27, 1911; attended the public schools of Doland, S.Dak., where his family had moved; graduated from Capitol College of Pharmacy, Denver, Colo., 1933 and the University of Minnesota 1939; earned a graduate degree from Louisiana State University 1940; pharmacist with Humphrey Drug Co., Huron, S.Dak., 1933-1937; assistant instructor of political science at Louisiana State University 1939-1940 and University of Minnesota 1940-1941; State director of war production training and reemployment and State chief of Minnesota war service program 1942; assistant director, War Manpower Commission 1943; professor in political science at Macalester College (Minn.) 1943-1944; radio news commentator 1944-1945; mayor of Minneapolis 1945-1948; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1948; reelected in 1954, and 1960 and served from January 3, 1949, until December 29, 1964, when he resigned to become Vice President; Democratic whip 1961-1964; known in the Senate as “the Happy Warrior”; chairman, Select Committee on Disarmament (Eighty-fourth and Eighty-fifth Congresses); elected Vice President of the United States on the Democratic ticket with Lyndon Johnson in 1964, and served from January 20, 1965, until January 20, 1969; unsuccessful Democratic nominee for President of the United States 1968; resumed teaching at Macalester College and the University of Minnesota 1969-1970; chairman, board of consultants, Encyclopedia Britannica Educational Corp.; elected in 1970 to the United States Senate; reelected in 1976 and served from January 3, 1971, until his death in office; the post of Deputy President pro tempore of the Senate was created for him and he held it from January 5, 1977, until his death in Waverly, Minn., January 13, 1978; chairman, Joint Economic Committee (Ninety-fourth Congress); unprecedented sessions of the House and Senate were held in his honor in October 1977, when he was gravely ill; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, January 14-15, 1978; interment in Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis, Minn.; posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on June 9, 1980.

Education Of A Public Man My Life and Politics by Hubert H. Humphrey Hubert H. Humphrey
The Politics of Equality Hubert Humphrey and the African American Freedom Struggle, 1945-1978 by Timothy N. Thurber Timothy N. Thurber

Bryan Craig Stuart Symington:

a Senator from Missouri; born in Amherst, Hampshire County, Mass., June 26, 1901; soon after his birth the family moved to Baltimore, Md.; attended the public schools; enlisted as a private in the United States Army at seventeen years of age and was discharged as a second lieutenant; graduated from Yale University in 1923; reporter on a Baltimore newspaper; moved to Rochester, N.Y., and worked as an iron moulder and lathe operator 1923-1926, studying mechanical and electrical engineering at night and by correspondence; executive with several radio and steel companies 1926-1937; moved to St. Louis, Mo., and became president of the Emerson Electric Manufacturing Co. 1938-1945; chairman, Surplus Property Board 1945; Surplus Property Administrator 1945-1946; Assistant Secretary of War for Air 1946-1947; first Secretary of the Air Force 1947-1950; chairman of National Security Resources Board 1950-1951; Reconstruction Finance Corporation Administrator 1951-1952, from which office he resigned to run for nomination as United States Senator; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1952; reelected in 1958, 1964 and 1970 and served from January 3, 1953, until his resignation on December 27, 1976; was not a candidate for reelection in 1976; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1960; lived in New Canaan, Ct., until his death, December 14, 1988; interred in a crypt in Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.


Bryan Craig William Knowland:

a Senator from California; born in Alameda, Alameda County, Calif., June 26, 1908; attended the public schools and graduated from the University of California at Berkeley in 1929; engaged in the newspaper publishing business in Oakland, Calif., in 1933; member, California State assembly 1933-1935; member, State senate 1935-1939; Republican National committeeman from California 1938-1942 and chairman of the executive committee 1940-1942; served in the Second World War as an enlisted man and officer; was serving overseas when appointed on August 14, 1945, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Hiram W. Johnson; assumed office August 26, 1945, and was subsequently elected November 5, 1946, to fill the unexpired term ending January 3, 1947, and at the same time elected for the six-year term ending January 3, 1953; reelected in 1952 and served from August 26, 1945, to January 2, 1959; was not a candidate for renomination in 1958; majority leader 1953-1955; minority leader 1955-1959; chairman, Republican Policy Committee (Eighty-third Congress); unsuccessful candidate for Governor of California in 1958; resumed his newspaper career and took an active interest in civic affairs in the Oakland, Calif., area; died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound at his summer home near Guerneville, Calif., February 23, 1974; interment in Chapel of Memories Cemetery, Oakland, Calif.

One Step from the White House The Rise and Fall of Senator William F. Knowland by Gayle B. Montgomery Gayle B. Montgomery

Bryan Craig Richard Nixon:

a Representative and a Senator from California and a Vice President and 37th President of the United States; born in Yorba Linda, Orange County, Calif., January 9, 1913; attended the public schools; graduated from Whittier (Calif.) College in 1934 and Duke University Law School, Durham, N.C., in 1937; admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Whittier, Calif.; attorney in Office of Emergency Management, Washington, D.C., January 1942 to August 1942; during the Second World War served in the United States Navy from August 1942 to January 1946 and was discharged as a lieutenant commander; elected as a Republican to the Eightieth and Eighty-first Congresses and served from January 3, 1947, until his resignation November 30, 1950; elected to the Senate for the term commencing January 3, 1951; subsequently appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Sheridan Downey and served from December 1, 1950, until his resignation January 1, 1953, to become Vice President; elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket with Dwight Eisenhower on November 4, 1952, for the term beginning January 20, 1953; reelected Vice President of the United States in 1956, and served from January 20, 1953, until January 20, 1961; unsuccessful Republican nominee for President of the United States in 1960; resumed the practice of law in Los Angeles and New York; unsuccessful Republican nominee for Governor of California in 1962; elected President of the United States in 1968 and inaugurated January 20, 1969; reelected in 1972, and inaugurated January 20, 1973; resigned August 9, 1974, during impeachment proceedings against him in the House Judiciary Committee arising from matters surrounding the ‘Watergate’ affair; accepted pardon from President Gerald R. Ford, September 8, 1974; was a resident of New York City, and later Park Ridge, N.J., until his death in New York City, April 22, 1994; interment on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library, Yorba Linda, Calif.


Bryan Craig Joe Kilgore:

a Representative from Texas; born in Brown County, near Brownwood, Tex., December 10, 1918; attended the public schools of Rising Star, Tex.; moved with his family to Mission, Hidalgo County, Tex., in 1929; attended the public schools; attended Westmoreland College (now Trinity University), San Antonio, Tex., in 1935 and 1936; interrupted law schooling at the University of Texas in July 1941 to enlist in the United States Army Air Corps and served as a combat pilot in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations; separated from the service as a lieutenant colonel in 1945; awarded the Silver Star, Distinguished Flying Cross, and Air Medal with two oak leaf clusters; returned to the University of Texas Law School; was admitted to the bar in 1946 and commenced the practice of law in Edinburg, Tex.; member of the State house of representatives, 1947-1954; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1956, 1960, and 1968; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fourth and to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1955-January 3, 1965); was not a candidate for renomination in 1964 to the Eighty-ninth Congress; resumed the practice of law; was a resident of Austin, Tex., until his death there on February 10, 1999; interment in the Texas State Cemetery.


Bryan Craig Walter Jenkins:

was an American political figure and longtime top aide to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. Jenkins' career ended after a sex scandal was reported weeks before the 1964 presidential election, when Jenkins was arrested and charged with disorderly conduct with another man in a public restroom in Washington, D. C.


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Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Great adds Bryan.

Bryan Craig Thank you, Bentley.

Bryan Craig Abe Fortas:


Abe Fortas was born and raised in Memphis, Tennessee, the son of an immigrant cabinetmaker. After graduating from Southwestern University in Memphis, Fortas attended Yale Law School. He joined the faculty there after graduation, but was quickly lured to the New Deal lawyers in Washington.

Fortas provided behind-the-scenes advice to Democratic politicians for years prior to his appointment to the Court in 1965 by President Lyndon Johnson. Fortas had represented Johnson when Johnson's eighty-four-vote victory in the 1948 Texas Democratic primary was challenged. During his years of private practice in Washington, Fortas found time to defend victims of McCarthyism and litigate important cases, including Gideon v. Wainwright which established the right of indigents to counsel in state criminal cases. In 1969, Life magazine revealed that Fortas had accepted and then returned a fee of $20,000 from a charitable foundation controlled by the family of an indicted stock manipulator. Fortas resigned from the bench in 1969 but denied any wrongdoing.


Bryan Craig Ben Cohen:

a member of the administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, had a public service career that spanned from the early New Deal through and beyond the Vietnam War era.

(no image)Benjamin V. Cohen by William Lasser

Bryan Craig Sam Early Johnson, Jr.:


Samuel Ealy Johnson, Jr., legislator and father of Lyndon Baines Johnson, the son of Eliza (Bunton) and Samuel Ealy Johnson, Sr., was born at Buda, Texas, on October 11, 1877. He moved with his parents to Gillespie County, where he attended school at Johnson City. Although forced to leave school at an early age, he passed the teacher's examination and was awarded a teaching certification. He taught school in 1896 at White Oak School in Sandy and later at Rocky School near Hye. In 1904 he was elected to the state legislature from the Eighty-ninth District, succeeding his future father-in-law, Joseph Wilson Baines. He served in the Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, Thirty-fifth, Thirty-sixth, Thirty-seventh, and Thirty-eighth legislatures. He was the author of the Alamo Purchase Bill (which appropriated $65,000 for the purchase of the Alamo property), a bill providing $3 million to aid drought-stricken farmers and ranchers of West Texas, the Blue Sky Law, and other important legislative measures. On August 20, 1907, Johnson married Rebekah Baines (see JOHNSON, REBEKAH BAINES). The couple were parents of five children, including the thirty-sixth president of the United States. In 1906 Samuel E. Johnson, Jr., suffered severe financial losses, which wiped out his cotton holdings and left him deeply in debt. For a number of years he was engaged in real estate transactions. In 1935 and 1937 he was stricken with heart attacks. He died on October 23, 1937, and was buried in the family cemetery at Johnson City.


Bryan Craig Rebekah Johnson:

Rebekah Baines Johnson, mother of Lyndon Baines Johnson and one of three children of Ruth (Huffman) and Joseph Wilson Baines, was born on June 26, 1881, at McKinney, Texas. In 1883 the family moved to Austin, where Baines served for four years as secretary of state under Governor John Ireland. In 1887 the family moved to Blanco. Between 1901 and 1905 Rebekah studied literature at Baylor University, the University of Texas, and Baylor Female College (now the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor) without taking a degree. In 1904, after suffering financial difficulty, Baines moved his legal practice to Fredericksburg. He died in November 1906, and Rebekah, who had been very close to him, moved into the family home there. She taught elocution and corresponded for several daily newspapers.

On August 20, 1907, she married Samuel Ealy Johnson, Jr., a rancher and state legislator whom she had met as a reporter. They moved to his farm on the Pedernales River, where she continued as a stringer for newspapers in San Antonio, Dallas, and Austin and for a time helped publish the weekly Johnson City Record Courier. Disappointed in her husband and frustrated by the poverty and isolation of Hill Country farm life, Mrs. Johnson tried hard to instill her love of education and culture into her five children. She was especially close to the eldest, Lyndon, and relentlessly coached him to improve his indifferent schoolwork and encouraged him to be ambitious and idealistic. The strength of her influence on the future senator and thirty-sixth president is evident in his letters and reminiscences; they reveal Johnson's strong attachment to his mother and a persistent desire to fulfill her hopes for his greatness. After the death of her husband in 1937 Rebekah Johnson made her home in Austin. She died on September 12, 1958, and was buried in the family plot at Stonewall.

Bryan Craig Joseph Kennedy, Sr.:

His father P. J. would have named him after himself, Patrick Joseph, but his mother reversed the names so Joseph wouldn’t be immediately marked as Irish. Joe Kennedy came from a comfortable home; P. J. was in the liquor business, engaged in local politics and had investments in a local bank, the Columbia Trust. Joe made many friends at Boston Latin School and Harvard College but realized early on that his comfortable existence was a far cry from the Yankee Brahmin society that held most of the wealth in Boston.


Early in his career, Joe’s job as state bank examiner made him privy to an attempt to take over the Columbia Trust, Boston’s only Irish-owned bank. His reward for organizing a successful resistance to the takeover was the job of bank president at age 25. The next year, he inaugurated an even more esteemed Irish institution by marrying the eldest daughter of Boston mayor John Fitzgerald. Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy bore the first of their nine children the following summer. As much as Joe doted on his family, he would have numerous extramarital affairs throughout his life.

Building a Fortune

Kennedy applied his considerable business acumen to a series of profitable forays into various industries. He played the stock market in the heady days before regulation and cashed out before the Crash of 1929. He went to Hollywood to produce movies, but quit after a notable disappointment. He ran the Somerset Company, importing liquor after — and, it has been suspected, during — Prohibition. He owned Chicago’s Merchandise Mart, the largest office building in the world. Soon he was one of the richest men in America. The skills and contacts he acquired at each enterprise, by turns powerful, glamorous, and shady but always lucrative, proved invaluable for Joe’s career and for his sons’ futures.

Political Patron

Joe’s involvement in politics began with his financial support of his father-in-law, Mayor Fitzgerald, during the reversed Congressional election of 1918. By 1932, he was backing a winner, Franklin D. Roosevelt. After refusing an ambassadorship to Ireland, Kennedy accepted the chair of the new Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Although commentators criticized the appointment, Kennedy served the SEC well for 14 months. After the next presidential election, Kennedy was made chair of the Maritime Commission, where he mediated between ship owners and unions — according to him, “the toughest thing I ever did in my life.” He finally received his plum assignment in 1937 as ambassador to Great Britain.

European Misstep

The Kennedy clan arrived in London to fanfare and accolades. The welcome wore thin, however, as war first loomed, then arrived. Kennedy’s public statements were regarded as defeatist and his decision to spend much of his time at a country estate away from the targeted capital was seen as cowardly. He met with German officials to promote German-American relations and found himself increasingly shut out of the close relationship between Roosevelt and his distant cousin Winston Churchill. Kennedy left his post in London and returned to the States shortly before the 1940 presidential election. Soon after Roosevelt’s third presidential victory, Kennedy gave an interview with The Boston Globe in which he expressed an isolationist view. Once America entered the war in earnest, Kennedy’s comments were destined to keep him from ever attaining higher office. His political career was over.

Grooming His Sons

In the aftermath, Joe funneled all his ambitions into his sons. Recognizing that he was their biggest liability, the father stayed in the background, financing and orchestrating campaigns but hardly appearing in public with his boys. Joe Jr., an isolationist like his father, had been groomed for political success but became a Navy flier in the war. He died over the English Channel on a mission. The mantle and responsibility fell to the second son, John.

Legacy of Toughness

Ironically, soon after John took the oath of office as president — an ambition that Joe had harbored for himself — Joe had a stroke, leaving him incapable of speech. For the last eight years of his life, he watched, mute, as John and Robert weathered crises, triumphed, and then were each murdered. Joe Kennedy outlived four of his nine children. When he died in 1969, The New York Times estimated the value of his estate at half a billion dollars. President Kennedy said of his father: He “held up standards for us, and he was very tough when we failed to meet those standards. The toughness was important.”


Bryan Craig Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr:

a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Nahant, Essex County, Mass., on July 5, 1902; graduated from Middlesex School, Concord, Mass., in 1920 and from Harvard University in 1924; engaged in newspaper work 1924-1931; member, Massachusetts State legislature 1933-1936; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1936; reelected in 1942, and served from January 3, 1937, until his resignation on February 3, 1944, to go on active duty during the Second World War in the United States Army; the first United States Senator since the Civil War to leave the Senate in order to go to war; served in the Mediterranean and European Theaters, rising to lieutenant colonel; again elected to the United States Senate in 1946 and served from January 3, 1947, to January 3, 1953; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1952; United States representative to the United Nations from February 1953 until his resignation September 3, 1960; unsuccessful Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1960; Ambassador to Republic of Vietnam 1963-1964; again appointed Ambassador to Vietnam 1965-1967; United States Ambassador at Large 1967-1968; Ambassador to Germany 1968-1969; appointed by President Richard Nixon to serve as head of the American delegation to the Vietnam peace negotiations in Paris, France, and served until December 1969; appointed by President Nixon to serve as special envoy to the Vatican 1970-1977; died in Beverly, Mass., February 27, 1985; interment in Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.


Bryan Craig Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis:


Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis was born Jacqueline Lee Bouvier on July 28, 1929, in Southampton, New York. She married John F. Kennedy in 1953. When she became First Lady in 1961, she worked to restore the White House to its original elegance and to protect its holdings. After JFK's assassination in 1963, she moved to New York City. She married Aristotle Onassis in 1968. She died of cancer in 1994.

Jacqueline Kennedy Historic Conversations on Life with John F. Kennedy by Caroline Kennedy Caroline Kennedy Caroline Kennedy

Bryan Craig Dave Powers:


Dave Powers, Special Assistant to President John F. Kennedy, was closely associated in every aspect of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. In 1964, at the request of Robert F. Kennedy, Powers began assembling and collecting the Kennedy memorabilia which was to become part of the Library's permanent exhibit on the life and legacy of President Kennedy. He also traveled around the world with an exhibit of items to raise money for the construction of the Library.

In 1965, Powers moved the material to the National Archives Federal Record Center in Waltham, MA where he and a staff of archivists spent the next 14 years assembling and organizing the Kennedy collection. In 1979, the collection was moved into the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum on Columbia Point. Powers held the position of Museum Curator of the Kennedy Library from 1964 until his retirement in May, 1994. He was an active member of the Board of Directors of the Kennedy Library Foundation.

David F. Powers was born on April 25, 1912 in Charlestown, Massachusetts. His father, John Powers, and his mother, Catherine (Green) Powers, were both born in County Cork, Ireland. His father died when he was two years old, and at age 10 he started selling newspapers in the Charlestown Navy Yard to help support his mother. He graduated from St. Catherine's in 1926, and from Charlestown High in 1930. After graduation he gave up his newspaper delivery business and went to work for Sampson and Murdock Publishing Company while also taking evening courses at Boston University, Harvard and Boston Institute. In 1941 he became a time-study analyst at Fort Devens, and in 1942 joined the 14th Air Force where he served in the China-Burma-India Theater until 1945.

In 1946 Powers was an unemployed veteran living in a three-decker in Charlestown with his widowed sister and ten children; his mother having died in 1942. It was there that young John F. Kennedy came on the evening of January 21, 1946, looking for help to run his first political campaign for Congress, and a friendship was formed that lasted until that tragic day in Dallas, November 22, 1963.

Dave Powers campaigned with John Kennedy in every one of Kennedy's political contests. He heard Kennedy's first political speech in Boston in 1946 and his last in Fort Worth in 1963. As a political operative in the working-class neighborhood of Charlestown, Powers helped Kennedy to win the 11th Congressional district seat in 1946. He was with Kennedy as he defeated Republican Henry Cabot Lodge in the 1952 Senate race. He accompanied him to the farms of Wisconsin and the hills of West Virginia in the Democratic Party's Presidential primaries; and from Maine to Alaska in the 1960 Presidential race against Vice President Richard M. Nixon.

When President John F. Kennedy moved into the White House on January 20, 1961 Dave Powers was with him as his Special Assistant. His duties were varied and included greeting distinguished guests, escorting them to the Oval Office and trying to keep the President on schedule. Powers' affability and endless supply of Irish wit and humor, coupled with sound political sense, were attributes which endeared him to the President, as did his amazing memory for sports and election statistics.

On April 25, 1962 President Kennedy gave Dave Powers a silver mug for a birthday gift with this inscription:

There are three things which are real: God, Human Folly and Laughter. The first two are beyond our comprehension, so we must do what we can with the third.

Pierre Salinger, Kennedy's press secretary, said Powers was "the most gregarious and popular member of the staff." Kenneth O'Donnell, the President's Appointment Secretary, said of Powers, "Outside of Bobby, President Kennedy had one really close friend and that was Dave Powers." But of himself, Powers said simply, "I am just a newsboy who met a President."

When President Kennedy made his historic trips to Ireland, France, Germany, Italy and South America, Dave Powers was with him. Of Ireland, Powers recalled, "it was the happiest four days of John F. Kennedy's life." The saddest day of Dave Powers life was when he rode behind the President's car in the motorcade in Dallas on November 22, 1963. President Kennedy, he said, "was the greatest man I ever met, and the best friend I ever had."

Powers was instrumental in making arrangements for the state funeral of the President and continued as a White House special assistant until January 1965 when he resigned to become curator of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.

In 1972 Powers co-authored with Ken O'Donnell the best-seller "Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye," a personal and nostalgic look at President Kennedy's life.

He lectured at schools all over the country, including Harvard, Boston University, Boston College, American University, the University of Chicago, Brandeis, University of Pennsylvania and Ohio State. A gifted storyteller, Powers would often end his lectures about his friendship with President Kennedy with a quote from a poem by Thomas Davis.

We are like sheep without a shepherd
When the snow shuts out the sky
Oh! Why did you leave us,
Why did you die?

Powers died on March 27, 1998. His funeral was attended by Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Caroline Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, Jr. and a host of close friends and colleagues.

Said Caroline Kennedy of her father's close friend: "Dave Powers was a loyal and devoted friend whom my mother and father adored. His love of life and laughter was infectious and he endeared himself to every member of our family. I will always be grateful for his personal kindness and for his tireless efforts on behalf of the Kennedy Library. It is difficult to lose such a good friend. He will always hold a treasured place in our hearts."


Bryan Craig Addison's Disease:

Addison's disease is a disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of their hormones.


message 44: by Bryan (last edited Sep 19, 2012 07:52AM) (new) - rated it 3 stars

Bryan Craig Dr. Janet Trevell:


was an American physician and medical researcher. She was born in 1901 to Willard and Janet Davidson Travell. Heavily influenced by her father's profession of physician, Travell made the decision to pursue a career in the medical field. In 1929, Janet married John W.G. Powell, who was an investment counselor. Their marriage produced two daughters—Janet and Virginia. At the age of 95, Travell died of heart failure at her home in Northampton, Massachusetts.


message 45: by Tomerobber (new)

Tomerobber | 334 comments For those of you who have access to iTunesU . . . there is a wealth of info available if you do a search for LBJ . . also a lot of phone recordings he had with various members of congress, his cabinet, and other figures prominent during his period in office that were released to public info in 2007 . . . very interesting.
A 42+ min. conversation with Martin Luther King, Jr.

message 46: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new) - rated it 4 stars

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Thank you Tomerobber - I hope you are enjoying the book.

message 47: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new) - rated it 4 stars

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Pretty interesting:

LBJ in retirement:

Ann D Thank you Bryan for all the additional information. I appreciate all your extra work.

I was particularly interested in LBJ's mother, who was a journalist during part of her life. Her influence helps explain Lyndon's amazing drive.

Caro tells us that Lyndon was exceptionally close to his father until his financial disaster. Then that all changed. I have to feel sorry for the Dad, although the money problems probably helped Lyndon in the long run by making him more ruthless ( he was NOT going to fail like his Dad), but also more focused on his goals and more sympathetic to the poor.

The way some politicians talk about the poor (on both sides of the fence), I have the feeling that they have never met a poor person. Johnson lived it.

message 49: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new) - rated it 4 stars

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Ann, some intuitive comments. Bryan is traveling right now but will be back soon and will certainly enjoy reading your post.

Bryan Craig Indeed, Anne. The life LBJ lived shaped his view of government. It is interesting about turning away from his dad.

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