Pathological Demand Avoidance

Pathological demand avoidance (PDA) is a proposed sub-type of autism spectrum disorder. Characteristics ascribed to the condition include greater refusal to do what is asked of the person, even to activities the person would normally like. It is not recognized by either the DSM-5 or the ICD-10 and is unlikely to be separated out now that the umbrella diagnosis of ASD has been adopted.

In 2011, it was suggested that these symptoms could represent the condition oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Elizabeth O'Nions and others, argue that unlike ASD, “children with PDA are said to use socially man

Understanding Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome in Children: A Guide for Parents, Teachers and Other Professionals