Jonathan I. Israel

Jonathan I. Israel


Born
in The United Kingdom
January 26, 1946

Genre


Jonathan Irvine Israel is a British writer on Dutch history, the Age of Enlightenment and European Jews. Israel was appointed as Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, in January 2001. He was previously Professor of Dutch History and Institutions at the University of London.

In recent years, Israel has focused his attention on a multi-volume history of the Age of Enlightenment. He contrasts two camps. The "radical Enlightenment" founded on a rationalist materialism first articulated by Spinoza. Standing in opposition was a "moderate Enlightenment" which he sees as profoundly weakened by its belief in God. In Israel’s highly controversial interpretation, the r
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Average rating: 4.04 · 1,017 ratings · 103 reviews · 31 distinct worksSimilar authors
Radical Enlightenment: Phil...

4.14 avg rating — 244 ratings — published 2001 — 13 editions
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The Dutch Republic: Its Ris...

4.25 avg rating — 211 ratings — published 1995 — 6 editions
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A Revolution of the Mind: R...

3.71 avg rating — 213 ratings — published 2009 — 12 editions
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Enlightenment Contested: Ph...

4.21 avg rating — 71 ratings — published 2006 — 5 editions
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Revolutionary Ideas: An Int...

3.92 avg rating — 61 ratings — published 2014 — 8 editions
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Democratic Enlightenment: P...

4.19 avg rating — 54 ratings — published 2011 — 4 editions
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European Jewry In The Age O...

4.11 avg rating — 19 ratings — published 1985 — 4 editions
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Dutch Primacy in World Trad...

4.07 avg rating — 14 ratings — published 1989 — 4 editions
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The Anglo-Dutch Moment: Ess...

4.10 avg rating — 10 ratings — published 1991 — 2 editions
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Conflicts of Empires: Spain...

4.14 avg rating — 7 ratings — published 1997 — 3 editions
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“In a passage penned for the Abbé Raynal’s Histoire philosophique des deux Indes, lines written shortly after the Revolution’s onset in 1776, Diderot, confident that they would succeed, urges the insurgents to remember in building their new world not to allow inequality of wealth to become too great. He admonished them to “fear a too unequal division of wealth resulting in a small number of opulent citizens and a multitude of citizens living in misery, from which there arises the arrogance of the one and the abasement of the other.”13”
Jonathan I. Israel, A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy

“Mirabeau held that the basic source of the threat to equality in the United States were the traditions and much cherished “prejudices” Americans had inherited from the English. The most damaging of these, in his opinion, were the Americans’ inexplicable love of aristocracy, formal and informal, and their boundless respect for (and willingness to pay high fees to) lawyers.15 Deference to men of rank and noble birth, however fundamental”
Jonathan I. Israel, A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy

“Lessing held that the highest goal, theoretical and practical, of those striving to bring enlightenment to humanity, and philosophy’s supreme gift to mankind, is to minimize as far as humanly possible the three principal causes of strife and division among men: religious differences, class differences, and national differences.”
Jonathan I. Israel, A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy

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