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التأملات في الفلسفة الأولى

3.73  ·  Rating details ·  21,260 ratings  ·  627 reviews
هذه التأملات هي سيرة ديكارت الماورائية، وهي من افخر المصنفات الفلسفية إطلاقا. إنها حكاية ديكارت ذاتاً... حكاية فكرة الخاص في لولبياته الصاعدة، حلزونياً، إلى أسمى سماوات التجريد والتذهين، فيها يثبت "رنيه ديكارت" وجود الله وأن نفس الإنسان تتميز عن جسمه، واضعاً براهينه وحجمه على هذه الأفكار وذلك في ترتيب واضح متين، يكون من شأنه أن يظهرها لجميع الناس كبراهين صحيحة. ...more
Paperback, 283 pages
Published 2009 by المركز القومي للترجمة (first published August 28th 1641)
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Orhan Pelinkovic
The father of modern philosophy, Rene Descartes, was left intellectually unfulfilled after receiving one of the finest educations available in the 17th century. The result of this, and his inexhaustible curiosity, led him to travel throughout Europe, frequently changing his place of residence in search for a higher knowledge, while only to realize that the knowledge of the truth is best to be found within.

The Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) is composed of six meditations, in which, Descar
...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
Meditationes de prima philosophia = Meditations on First Philosophy, René Descartes
Meditations on First Philosophy is a philosophical treatise written by René Descartes first published in Latin in 1641. The book is made up of six meditations, in which Descartes first discards all belief in things which are not absolutely certain, and then tries to establish what can be known for sure. The meditations were written as if he was meditating for 6 days: each meditation refers to the last one as "yest
...more
Elenabot
Jun 22, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
Descartes-bashing has provided much of the fare of modern philosophizing since at least the turn of the last century. The existentialists, the naturalists of various stripes, the logicists (ie, the coterie built around Frege and Russell), the phenomenologists, all have generally built their philosophies around turning their own Cartesian straw-men into their pet punching-bags. The rejection of Descartes (or rather of what he has come to represent for us, according to our own purposes) having bec ...more
Το Άθχημο γατί του θενιόρ Γκουαναμίρου
This treatise contains metaphysical meditations on the existence of god, the nature of the human mind and the essence and existence of material things. It was written in 1639-40 in Latin and was published in 1641 in Paris, followed by second Latin edition in 1642 in Amsterdam and a French translation in 1647, edited and approved by Descartes himself.

A collection of Objections and Replies accompanied the main text , where various philosophers and theologians (among them Thomas Hobbes) expressed
...more
Greg
I once wrote a song that had a very witty line in it about Descartes and Robots getting killed by Zombies-- and accused Descartes of being in league with Robots against Humanity. And it's true. Rene Descartes believed in Robots soulless creatures that an evil and malicious god controlled to destroy us all. It's all there in his book, you just have to realize what it is that he is writing about. His whole "I think therefore I am" was a youthful revolutionary vigor, he thought he was some kind of ...more
Xander
Sep 28, 2016 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
B. P. Rinehart
The crowning achievement of Descartes and the work that would cement his legacy. He had already stunned the world in Discourse on Method with that famous Latin phrase cogito ergo sum; in this work he defends the ideas laid down in "Discourse" and sets about giving his own spin on the ontological argument.

I know that this book gets some criticism now because time has marched on it should not be forgotten that this book changed the course of western philosophy. This work is the reason why the tim
...more
Onaiza Khan
I had put a lot of hope in this book to enlighten me about philosophy and Descartes himself, but it didn't seem to do that. I liked reading it. He writes well though he did not win me over with his arguments.

But the cloud of popular culture images of Descartes telling people how nothing is real and all their perceptions are being generated by a deceptive evil genius had cleared away. This idea forms only a tiny part of his philosophy and he resolves the problem (at least he thinks he does) that
...more
Jess
Oct 11, 2008 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Undeniably a monumental work in the field of philosophy. Decartes gives us the bridge from scholastic thinking to modern Piercean methods. Thus opening up a huge and important discussion on the forum of the ethics of belief. A must read for parties interested in the history of modern thought. With that being said Decartes comes off as an arrogant, aristocratic, Johnnie Terry. Defending his flawed, cyclical arguments for the existence of God as if they were absolute, infallible truths.
Nat
Mar 15, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a perfect introduction to philosophy partly because it reveals, in concentrated form, the experience of studying philosophy as a whole: it begins with a very compelling worry about an important issue, pushes that worry to a worrisome extreme, then tries to address the worry in a totally unsatisfying way.
Thomas
Reading Descartes's Meditations was like examining a speech by Hitler - while I disagreed with almost everything on the content level, I admired his rhetoric and how it made me think. Of course this also changed the entire canon of philosophy which proves its prevalence. Some of my favorite parts include the Cartesian Circle, the mind-body substance dualism, and the power of reason. My rating, while low, does not really reflect the quality of the work so much as my personal opinion/enjoyment of ...more
Rosanna Threakall
Oct 12, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: educational
Conquered this beast! The first piece of philosophical writing I have ever read and I actually really enjoy it. I like writing poems about the same kind of thing he discusses, existence, God, conscience etc so this was a really helpful and inspiring read.

If you're daunted by philosophy I would definitely just pick it up because it's not too heavy, we can all empathise with questioning "why we exist" or "what the meaning of life is."

I have a feeling that this will really inspire my final perform
...more
Em Laurent
I will continue to return to this text--probably for the rest of my life--in order to undo the mis-education as regards Cartesian dualism. There is a systemic intellectual simplification of Descartes' thought within philosophy; the way that his thought has been historicized and ontologized tends toward perfidy, and I would also argue, ideology. The aporia of the Sixth Meditation is most fascinating to me. I highly recommend anyone who is interested in "new" readings of Descartes to read Jean-Luc ...more
Adam Brill
Mar 29, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Don't even talk to me about this book ...more
Daniel Wright
Warning: highly pretentious verbal excrement ahead

'You keep using that word... I do not think it means what you think it means'

In The Princess Bride, the word being referred to is 'inconceivable'. The joke is that the things being described as inconceivable are clearly not inconceivable because they are actually happening. But actually, if you think about it, it goes further than this. As soon as you say, 'X is inconceivable' you have formulated, or conceived of, the subject X, so the predicate
...more
Kristi
Jan 08, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Way good book.

Descartes is clearly a funny intelligent humble man. He opens with a letter to some scholarly men explaining what will be discussed throughout the book. It is completely entertaining.

Clearly a man of words and people, he manages to state that his work is more clear than simple geometry but that people will not understand it, all while maintaining the appearance of being a humble man. He manages to imply that he is the only philosopher that could have accomplished this idea, but al
...more
Hirdesh
Jul 07, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Amazing book !
It's one of oldest philosophical notation and Author had comprehensively acknowledged the notation in simplest though broad way.
It comprises noteworthy 6 principles merely called Meditation by Author are :-
MEDITATION I: Of the Things on Which We May Doubt
MEDITATION II: Of the Nature of the Human Mind; and that It is More Easily Known than the Body.
MEDITATION III: Of God: That He Exists
MEDITATION IV: Of Truth and Error
MEDITATION V: Of the Essence of Material Things; and, Again, o
...more
Ipsa
Aug 29, 2020 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Descartes was arguably the most important philosopher after Aristotle in the western world. His objective was to find for philosophy the certainty of a mathematical proof, and the goal of philosophical inquiry was to find clear and distinct knowledge by applying the Method of Doubt radically in literally everything. Meditation on First Philosophy is divided into six meditations tackling the questions of Mind, God, and Body in a definite order; this for Descartes constituted the domain of reality ...more
Andrew
This was a bit of a sludge to read through. Descartes, or the translation, is very boring; and he keeps going back to the whole "God: That He Exists" topic, a bit too often. It seems to me that Descartes was bending over backwards for the Church in order to not be labeled a rebel.

He defined God in such a way that God must exist - its a bit more complicated than that, but that's the gist of it. But, why call this substance 'God'? With our current terminologies concerning existence would probably
...more
Clint
Sep 02, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
So it has taken Descartes up to the last meditation to determine if material things exist or not. He has already proven that God and the mind exist, but material things he’s not so sure about. It’s interesting to me because we tend to take for granted what it means for something to exist and what a fantastic phenomena it is for that to occur, whereas Descartes is being very careful to be absolutely certain of what he knows. I’m not sure I agree with Descartes about the importance of absolute cer ...more
Brandon
Jul 03, 2009 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Quite frankly, I thought this was garbage. I felt like it was written by a modern day apologetic trying to convince themselves of God's existence. There are about 5 pages where Descartes displays a healthy dose of skepticism and makes some fairly astute introspective observations. The rest is him making outrageous assumptions, and then making further assumptions based off those first assumptions.

I do think it's important to know about his ideas if you are into philosophy. Perhaps, when taken int
...more
Rambling Reader
tantalizing yet unsatisfactory
bubonic
May 12, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: my-library
Cartesian doubt; I think therefore I am; to err is human; mind/body duality; the ontological argument via the innate idea of perfection; it's all in this very accessible reading. While many of his arguments have since claimed to be refuted by succeeding philosophers, this short read is a good illustration of how we can know what we think we know.

Drawing on the idea that God is not a deceiver, we can assure ourselves of the truths we conceive of corporeal objects through our natural senses. Mind
...more
Marcus Vinicius
Apr 26, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
God Exists

Descartes’ purpose is huge: to demonstrate with the aid of philosophy that God exists and that the soul is something distinguished from the body and survives it. This was my first reading of the book. I cannot reviewed it but I can say that Descartes’ text is clear and readable.
Ben Rogers
May 14, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: classics
Great book on proving the existence of God.

Thought provoking read.

I have heard that it is similar in theme to A Confession, which I should be checking out soon!

All-in-all I really enjoyed it.

4.1/5
...more
Thuc Anh Nguyen
Mar 05, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Changed my prejudices about Descartes
"I can't be certain or sure about anything, yes it's true that I can doubt everything, my senses, what my senses perceive. Maybe none of these things in this world exists, but one thing for sure, I am, I must exist. What else can I be certain about, besides the most fundamental fact that I must exist? If I exist, then my perception must be true as well. What I mean by my perception is not the objects that I see, hear, taste, or feel, but the feeling and the
...more
julia l
I'm disheartened to have to rate this book 3 stars because I thought I'd enjoy it so much more than I did. I appreciated the way this book opened the door for me to think up arguments against a lot of Descartes's (imo) flawed claims. Also, I do enjoy and agree with the meditations concerning the fact that all senses, the body, and everything in the world might be illusory. However, as for the meditations that 'prove' God's existence, I found countless flaws and was endlessly exasperated (and I' ...more
Ali Sap
but guys how do we know we exist???!

anyways read this for modern philosophy class and it was more entertaining than i expected!

p.s. he doesn’t say “i think, therefore i am” in this which is actually very good because i can not stand that phrase after hearing billie eilish’s song on MTV live for the entire month of december 2020
Ali Reda
Aug 06, 2014 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Although both Descartes and Al-Ghazali start their skepticism with the same principles, they end their skeptical journey using different methods, Descartes proves one amazing truth, the cogito ("I think therefore I am") then he goes on to prove God's Existence and being good and from this he proves the rest of his arguments, although this proof is wrong, but his overall impact resulted in two things 1) skepticism as the begining stage of the modern process in philosophy and science 2) Logic and ...more
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1,551 followers
René Descartes, also known as Renatus Cartesius (Latinized form), was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer. He has been dubbed the "Father of Modern Philosophy," and much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which continue to be studied closely. His influence in mathematics is also apparent, the Cartesian coordinate system that is ...more

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