Baruch Spinoza


Born
in Amsterdam, Netherlands
November 24, 1632

Died
February 21, 1677

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Influences


Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes' mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed enti
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Average rating: 4.05 · 39,229 ratings · 1,328 reviews · 257 distinct worksSimilar authors
Ethics

4.07 avg rating — 14,135 ratings — published 1677 — 481 editions
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The Ethics/Treatise on the ...

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4.16 avg rating — 1,666 ratings — published 1883 — 29 editions
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A Spinoza Reader: The Ethic...

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4.19 avg rating — 314 ratings — published 1994 — 7 editions
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On the Improvement of the U...

3.68 avg rating — 497 ratings — published 1667 — 129 editions
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Political Treatise

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3.79 avg rating — 247 ratings — published 1675 — 52 editions
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Complete Works

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4.44 avg rating — 175 ratings — published 1677 — 53 editions
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The Essential Spinoza: Ethi...

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4.25 avg rating — 111 ratings — published 2006 — 7 editions
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Philosophy of Benedict de S...

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3.93 avg rating — 120 ratings — published 1933 — 30 editions
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Short Treatise on God, Man,...

4.16 avg rating — 103 ratings — published 1862 — 45 editions
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More books by Baruch Spinoza…
“The highest activity a human being can attain is learning for understanding, because to understand is to be free.”
Baruch Spinoza

“The more you struggle to live, the less you live. Give up the notion that you must be sure of what you are doing. Instead, surrender to what is real within you, for that alone is sure....you are above everything distressing.”
Spinoza

“I do not know how to teach philosophy without becoming a disturber of the peace.”
Baruch Spinoza