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ظلمت آشکار: خاطرات افسردگی

4.04  ·  Rating details ·  19,353 ratings  ·  1,614 reviews
ویلیام استایرن، نویسندهی امریکایی که در دهههای شصت و هفتاد میلادی با رمانهایی چون انتخاب سوفی به شهرت رسیده بود، در شصتوچندسالگی به افسردگی حاد مبتلا شد. این افسردگی بهقدری شدید بود که او را ماهها کاملاً از کار باز داشت و حتی به مرز خودکشی هم کشاند. استایرن، بعد از بهبود، خاطراتش از این دوران را در قالب کتاب کوچک ظلمت آشکار نوشت، کتابی که آوازهی او را در دههی پایانی عمرش ...more
Paperback, 72 pages
Published by نشر ماهی (first published September 4th 1990)
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Jaline
Apr 20, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: xx2018-completed
This very small volume was not an easy read. Mr. Styron eases us into his own story by relating stories of other writers and artists who experienced deep depression. Some made it through but most did not. His stories are liberally laced with a depth of understanding that he acknowledged could only come to those who have experienced it.

We are not talking about a few days or even depression over a week or two, but rather months where the elevator keeps going down no matter how many times one
...more
Lawyer
Darkness Visible: When the Question is Whether Life is Worth Living

William Styron photo Styron_zps05c06a10-1.jpg

William Styron, (June 11, 1925 – November 1, 2006)


 photo Masks_zps0431efb0.jpg
"Dying is easy. Comedy is hard.--Edmund Kean, (4 November 1787 – 15 May 1833), celebrated Shakespearean actor


Milton's Paradise Lost photo MiltonDarkness_zpsb333971b-1.jpg


Preamble-January 18, 2015

It is 1:20am cst. My thoughts swirl over the important content of Styron's brief memoir originally delivered as a lecture in Baltimore, 1989. The information contained in this little volume is too important to trust to hastily
...more
Mikol
Jul 03, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
It was August in the year 2000. I was about to enter the room for my final exam. This was the introduction to Unix and it was coming to an end.

So was I.

Tears flowing copiously, leaning over the second floor balcony, I was overcome with darkness, the likes of which I had never experienced before.

I finished the exam and could not gather myself. I had no reason for living. In my grief I recalled an earlier experience of incredible bliss following a near death/drowning experience at Luther Burbank
...more
Melanie
Aug 02, 2007 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: depressed people who aren't me?
Shelves: 2007
Maybe I'm being needlessly harsh in my one-star rating, but there was something about Styron's memoir that really distressed me. I read it during one of my own periods of depression, and for whatever reason I decided to pair it with The Bell Jar, and instead of feeling any sort of comfort or recognition in Styron's words, I just felt sort of angry. I became so hung up on the ways we (women, men, Americans, depressed people, etc.) talk about depression, and on what it means when we call it by ...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
Darkness Visible: A Memoir of Madness, William Styron
Darkness Visible: A Memoir of Madness is a memoir by American writer William Styron, about his descent into depression, and the triumph of recovery, First published in December 1989. It is among the last books published by Styron, and is widely considered one of his best, and most influential works. Darkness Visible also helped raise awareness for depression, which was relatively unknown at the time.
In October 1985, American author William
...more
Diane
Aug 25, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This is a stirring memoir of Styron's depression, which nearly killed him. I had seen multiple references to this book, all of them praising its insight into the despair that a depressed person can feel.

"In depression this faith in deliverance, in ultimate restoration, is absent. The pain is unrelenting, and what makes the condition intolerable is the foreknowledge that no remedy will come -- not in a day, an hour, a month, or a minute. If there is mild relief, one knows that it is only
...more
Darlene
Aug 07, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Many years ago I read two powerful novels. One was a gripping story of an impossible moral dilemma, called Sophie's Choice; and the other was a controversial fictionalized account of a real-life slave revolt which occurred in Virginia in 1831, led by slave and fiery preacher, called The Confessions of Nat Turner. I became a fan of the author of these novels, William Styron. When I discovered that he had also written an account of his struggle with severe depression, I knew I wanted to read it.

...more
Thomas
As someone who has suffered from an eating disorder and PTSD, I consider Darkness Visible an inspiring read. Only by sharing our stories of struggle and recovery can we destigmatize mental illness, ranging from bipolar disorder to schizophrenia to obsessive-compulsive disorder. William Styron's memoir about his battle with depression and suicidal ideation serves as one of the first of its kind, highlighting his courage to shed light on a topic often darkened by society.

With personal and raw
...more
Theresa Alan
Sep 23, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Anyone who has ever battled depression will recognize him or herself in Styron's words. Despite all his accomplishments, the depression made him feel unworthy of recognition and made clear thinking difficult. The language he uses reminds me of books written in the 1940s, but this was published in 1990. This is a short but poignant memoir.
Sharon
Feb 27, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: mental-health
Like me, best-selling author William Styron ("Sophie's Choice," "The Confessions of Nat Turner") suffers from medically resistant clinical depression. "Darkness Visible: A Memoir of Madness" is a brief but compelling autobiographical journey through what Chaucer described as "melancholia" in the first literary reference made to what is now called a "mood disorder."

Styron writes plainly about his experience with depression, including a lengthy hospitalization that ultimately assisted him in
...more
Cristina
Feb 26, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Sometimes, reading a book that it's not in your comfort zone, can be a breath of fresh air.
My roommate bought this book and it seemed interesting. So, of course, the curious part of me wanted to read it.
It was a book about depression and suicide. And yeah, maybe you're wondering why did I read something about those sad human beings in the book and their actions. The answer to that question is "I don't know". Maybe because I wanted to know more, to find answers to my own questions. To know what
...more
Reid
Aug 16, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: grief, non-fiction, memoir
A wonderful, harrowing portrait of Styron's decent into a deep depression that blindsided him at the age of 60. Styron had been enormously successful in his career as a novelist and essayist, but a constellation of events plunged him into a melancholy from which he could not extract himself. When this book was first published in 1990, I avoided it because I was having a crisis of my own and felt that living through the same with Styron might not be healthy for me. Though my experience was not ...more
Terry
3 – 3.5 stars

Is there anything worse than feeling like you can’t control your own mind? Can you conceive the helplessness of being able to perceive the lies that your own brain is telling you, but still being unable to escape them? In feeling unequal to the task of avoiding triggers that send you into depths that despite their destructive tendencies seem at times either desirable or necessary, like picking at a fresh wound to morbidly watch it bleed? Is there anything more self-destructive than
...more
Leslie
Apr 22, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
One of my literary pet peeves: writers writing about their mental illnesses. I avoid books like this one, largely because I believe the cult of romanticism surrounding artistic despair is misguided to the point of being offensive. It reminds me of being stuck in an undergraduate seminar with that girl who wore black eyeliner and too many bracelets, lugged around conspicuous copies of Plath and Sexton, and wrote bad poems about her sex life. As both a writer and someone who suffers from chronic ...more
zainab_booklover
In Darkness Visible: A Memoir of Madness, William Styron endeavours to describe the undescribable. You have to read it to fully comprehend its importance and significance. Thus, it is definitely a must-read for everyone!

''Depression, most people know, used to be termed "melancholia," a word which appears in English as early as the year 1303 and crops up more than once in Chaucer, who in his usage seemed to be aware of its pathological nuances.

"Melancholia" would still appear to be a far more
...more
Kristen
Feb 01, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
At a recent tenure party, a friend of mine leaned over to our small group sitting on the couch and revealed that she had just come from the campus bookstore where she had been perusing a colleague’s recent memoir. “I would never expose myself like that!” she exclaimed. When writers choose to invade their own privacy, as Styron puts it, by sharing a personal struggle, is that what they’re doing—exposing themselves? Certainly, on some level, when Styron sets his struggle with suicidal depression ...more
Tara
Given the number of great reviews this book had, I was eager to read, especially regarding a topic I feel is extremely neglected in good literature. Having experienced this 'darkness' without remittance for most of my life, I had high hopes for this book- which he did deliver, and evident in his descriptions of feeling like a 'husk', and the fragile moments following a near-suicide attempt-

"this sound, which like all music- indeed like all pleasure- I had been numbly unresponsive to for months,
...more
Celia
May 16, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
William Styron is a beloved author having written such classics as The Confessions of Nat Turner and Sophie's Choice.

I read 'Nat' soon after it was published (1967) and neither remember it or this author's wonderful writing style.

Needless to say I knew nothing about his descent into a very dark depression. This book chronicles that descent. At first I was nervous about reading this book because my mother was bipolar, my paternal grandfather suffered from serious depression, and my sister died
...more
Hiba Arrame
This was planned to be a buddy read with https://www.goodreads.com/user/show/24783204-ali
but I ended up finishing it before he could even start it.. Because that's the kind of friends I am xD
Now, for the book, it was simply AMAZING, I just loved it, and loved how it spoke to me on so many levels, I loved the willingness of the author to share such an experience, as though he wants to tell everyone out there who suffers from depression that they can get through it safe and sound if only they had
...more
Jennifer Gaarder
Read my reviews at jenchaosreviews.com

Darkness Visible By William Styron

Vintage, January 8, 1992

82 Pages, Paperback Edition



From Goodreads:

"A work of great personal courage and a literary tour de force, this bestseller is Styron's true account of his descent into a crippling and almost suicidal depression. Styron is perhaps the first writer to convey the full terror of depression's psychic landscape, as well as the illuminating path to recovery."



Goodreads Rating: 4.04/ My Rating: 5.00



Review:
Among
...more
Steve
Oct 03, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Mr. Styron’s work is notable because he lends his skill as a professional writer to the task of describing a nebulous malady that effects so many, yet defies adequate description; here he largely succeeds, with an important qualification. I’m interested in his account because I have suffered depression’s influence, to various degrees, throughout my adult life. While I believe I’m a functional depressive, often, surprisingly, highly functional, there have been stretches where I’ve been laid ...more
Sam Quixote
I picked read this as I'm always interested in peoples' experiences with depression and how they deal with it/emerge from it, as well as how it was for them. I think sometimes I'm depressed but having read this book I think what I have might simply be the occasional blues.

William Styron makes this distinction clear in his memoir "Darkness Visible" where he says that full on depression (a term he deplores as too weak a description - he prefers the label "brainstorm") totally cripples a person.
...more
El
Apr 18, 2019 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to El by: Brian Leyden
I started reading this on a chartered Greyhound bus with like 23 undergraduate students traveling back to Pittsburgh from Manhattan overnight which, in retrospect, is probably the wrong time to read some William Styron.

In the mid-1980s, Styron first realized that he had spiraled into a nearly suicidal depression. There are statistics out there about depression - the number of people who suffer from depression, as one example - so I don't feel the need to repeat any of them here. Studies have
...more
Melora
Aug 05, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Styron's memoir of his descent into severe depression, brief (eighty-four pages) though it is, is powerful and absorbing. He chronicles his illness, from the point where he recognized the seriousness of his situation, through months of increasing despair, darkness and blank, helpless dependency, and then, after crisis, to wellness. His thoughts on what may have triggered and exacerbated his illness are interesting, though, as he notes, depression is very idiosyncratic. The recognition that some ...more
Ade Bailey
Revisited this. It is a literary gem as well as a marvellous compression into one short essay of that conceptually infinite beast called Depression. It came to mind after reading Thompson's The City of Dreadful Night, one of the greatest poetic descriptions of depression. Since I have at various levels been involved with depression throughout my life, I feel able to assert that the literary expression alone can come near to aiding understanding. My involvement at policy level with medical ...more
J.L.   Sutton
This was my second reading of Styron's memoir. I was able to identify with parts here, but unfortunately it didn't seem as compelling this time around.
Ruzz
the title of this book makes it sound a harrowing, gritty look at madness and depression but it's a literature-look at the subject by a writer of literature.

the formal language he uses divides readers from his humanity and suffering in a way to make it seem like dinner-party conversation about his "dance with depression".

The only thing gleaned, and apt, was his focus on the idea that to someone whose never experienced the depths of depression, there is no language for the depressed to explain
...more
Toph
When I was in 8th grade, one of my best friends developed the habit of crying every morning at school. She would throw her lunch away every single time we sat down to eat together at the cafeteria. At the time, I thought she was just being melodramatic; she had had a tendency towards that when she was younger.

But in high school, when I got a hint of what it was like to have "the blues," so to speak, I finally understood. Although what I went through at times was nowhere near as devastating as
...more
Cărăşălu
Dec 11, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I got to read this book after speaking to a friend about someone she knew who committed suicide. I labeled the act ”stupid”. My friend told to read the book and suggested that after reading it, I might change my mind. Well, I didn't, but it helped me nuance my view and adjust my stance as regards suicide. As the author simply puts it, one who hasn't been affected by depression cannot understand it. Cannot understand what the depression-sufferer goes through. One can guess, imagine, show empathy, ...more
John Jr.
Read as research for a play about suicide.

Anyone who has experienced a serious degree of depression (as opposed to the downhearted feeling that we often called "depressed") knows that there's somehow much to it, though it also feels like a great nothingness. It can sap the strength of memory, making it difficult even to recall, much less to connect with, any pleasant experiences you've had, nor do you want anything of the kind now, much as you'd like to escape from what you do feel. It may kill
...more
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William Styron (1925–2006), born in Newport News, Virginia, was one of the greatest American writers of his generation. Styron published his first book, Lie Down in Darkness, at age twenty-six and went on to write such influential works as the controversial and Pulitzer Prize–winning The Confessions of Nat Turner and the international bestseller Sophie’s Choice.
“A phenomenon that a number of people have noted while in deep depression is the sense of being accompanied by a second self — a wraithlike observer who, not sharing the dementia of his double, is able to watch with dispassionate curiosity as his companion struggles against the oncoming disaster, or decides to embrace it. There is a theatrical quality about all this, and during the next several days, as I went about stolidly preparing for extinction, I couldn't shake off a sense of melodrama — a melodrama in which I, the victim-to-be of self-murder, was both the solitary actor and lone member of the audience.” 337 likes
“The pain of severe depression is quite unimaginable to those who have not suffered it, and it kills in many instances because its anguish can no longer be borne. The prevention of many suicides will continue to be hindered until there is a general awareness of the nature of this pain.” 159 likes
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