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التعبير عن العواطف عند الانسان و الحيوانات

4.01  ·  Rating details ·  992 ratings  ·  80 reviews
كتاب التعبير عن العواطف عند الإنسان والحيوانات، الذي يُنقل أوّل مرة إلى اللغة العربية بمبادرة من المنظمة العربية للترجمة، هو من أكثر أعمال داروين المقروءة، وهو حيٌّ بما فيه من طُرَفٍ واستشهادات وملاحظات استقاها المؤلف مباشرةً من أصدقائه وأولاده. وهذا الكتاب، على الرغم من ظهوره عام 1872، لم يأخذ الشكل الذي أراده المؤلف، بل تُرِكَت أجزاء منه لكي يتم نشرها في الطبعات اللاحقة، ...more
Paperback, 425 pages
Published 2010 by مركز دراسات الوحدة العربية (first published 1872)
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Corinne
Sep 12, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Let me tell you how I got to this book.

You may already know the dictum of Jean Paul Sartre about animals as ‘animated things’, that is animals are moving things without emotions. This has revolted me always, but only recently I delved into this, subsequent to my encounter with a calf.

I have been observing this calf being licked tenderly by its mother cow, particularly on his head. This is a calf that always stays away from the rest of the calves. Then, after he came to see me over a number of
...more
Meirav Rath
Apr 10, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: historians, Darwin fans, human behavior fans
Shelves: zoology
This book is more a historical document than a scientific paper, by today's requirements for scientific documents.
Darwing collects here his notes on the expressions of humans with a single chapter about animals and some referrences to monkeys, so the title is highly misleading (it annoyed me, anyways).

Despite that, this work is at the root of understanding both human and animal behavior and the three principles of expression are now evidently the base of every modern theory on animal and human
...more
Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin
This work of Darwin is rather short but studies emotions in humans and animals. A lot of it is on humans with animals as a compliment. It covers the gamut of human emotional expression and when appropriate their corollaries in the animal kingdom. My take away is that fear and rage are fairly universal among animals but other emotions are more limited to social animals because social animals often need to signal inner mental states to their peers so their physiology has a larger repertoire of ...more
Catherine O'Sullivan
Warning: if you read this book in a public space - like, say, a Subway - you will absent-mindedly start contorting your face in line with the facial expressions described in this book.
Amirography
Under-appreciated historic classic and sadly, most updated textbook we have on the subject.
lixy
Jul 20, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Make sure you read the Paul Ekman-edited new version. Darwin, of course, is a genius, and this book seems so modern so as to be unimpressive for our era. It was ahead of its time in its cross-cultural analysis in Darwin's era, and even in the 60s Darwin's theories caused a scandal in the anthropology field between a then-established Margaret Mead, and the young Paul Ekman. Do not skip the intro, where this fascinating meta-story is told!
Mohamedridha Alaskari محمد رضا العسكري
Charles Darwin has started his argument in this book on three principles;
1- the movements which are serviceable in gratifying some desire or in relieving some sensation.
2- Antithesis: the habit of voluntarily performing opposite movements under opposite impulses has become firmly established in us by the practice of our whole lives.
3- The direct action of the excited nervous system on the body, independently of the will, and independently, in large part, of the habit.

On the one hand I have seen
...more
Kio
I don't think I'm ever going to finish this cover to cover so here goes...

Good book. Obviously not a story, but it's a fascinating observation of how emotions are expressed. Darwin well documents where all his deduction comes from, if he suspects the credibility of anything and why... and so on. If you're studying Enlightenment/Humanities/anything along those lines, it's also a good firsthand look into the MO and influences of thinkers of the time.

Nevermind how notable Darwin is.
Nikos Korexenidis
Outdated. Only useful as historical reference. Paul Ekman has better book for facial expressions
Bob Nichols
In this book Darwin writes mostly about the overt expressions of emotions, not about their evolutionary function or, for that matter, what constitutes an emotion (versus sensation, feeling, affect, passion). And, at times, it's not clear if Darwin is describing an emotion itself or its expression. The value of this book, following his "Origins" and "Descent" books, is that Darwin suggests a universal innateness in certain human emotional expressions and their close tie to the non-human animal ...more
Xander
Nov 09, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
In On the Origin of Species (1859), Charles Darwin explained how species originate via a continuous process of natural selection that shapes organisms, over eons of time, into the funtioning complexities that they are, suited for a particular way of life. In The Descent of Man (1871), Darwin applied his theory of evolution by natural selection to mankind. The difference between mankind and animals is one of degree, not of kind: there are vestiges in man of our animal past and there are primitive ...more
Prooost Davis
Dec 06, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
When presented the theory of evolution, Darwin's contemporaries were willing to agree with it up to a point, but many people still wanted to believe that humans were a special case (uniquely created by God), much too advanced intellectually and morally to be related to the lower animals; others were upset that the theory said that Europeans were related to races they considered savage. Darwin wrote this book, as well as "Descent of Man," to demonstrate the similarities in behavior between man ...more
Mengsen Zhang
Jun 25, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Darwin was definitely a genius! This book reveals him as an ultra observant naturalist and have great imagination and abstraction. Among the three principles of expression, the 2nd- the principle of antithesis - reminded me a lot of ancient greek thoughts, e.g. unity of the opposites, - and a much neglected point by modern neuroscientists.
Nonetheless, one thing he struggled too much about is to find *one* or *only a few* reasons for the origin of the expression of a specific emotion. I may
...more
Philippe Malzieu
For everybody, Darwin is only associated wit the theory of évolution. By this book, the last one, he is also one of the father of éthology, the science of animal comportment.
He defines 6 elementary feelings which are for him universal in the animal kingdom. Things evolved. There are now computing tools to model the feelings. The eyebrow plays a major role in this expression. Darwin had noted its relative immobility to the chimpanzee. According to Popper, it would contradict the theory.
We know
...more
Dominique Renison
Incredibly interesting book, while some parts are funny by todays standards (sometimes the comparisons with retards/mentally ill and aboriginals is a bit racist and non PC to the point of being laugh out loud hilarious) it is a very educational piece of work which gives a excellent analysis of which emotions and expressions are innate and which are learned. Darwin was such a revolutionary thinker. I enjoy anything he wrote.
Valerie
This book made my skin crawl, frankly. I never had any doubt that human emotions were the same as 'animal' emotions, and were often expressed the same way. But Darwin's description of his research strategy reveals appalling cruelty in the way animals (particularly zoo animals) were treated in the Victorian era--there are several descriptions of how animals resond to being beaten, for example.
Diana Chamma
‘I put my face close to the thick glass-plate in front of a puff-adder in the Zoological Gardens, with the firm determination of not starting back if the snake struck at me; but, as soon as the blow was struck, my resolution went for nothing, and I jumped a yard or two backwards with astonishing rapidity. My will and reason were powerless against the imagination of a danger which had never been experienced.’ (22)

‘_Astonishment, Terror_--A living fresh-water turtle was placed at my request in the
...more
Rossdavidh
Mar 04, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: brown
Charles Darwin first became famous for his book "Voyage of the Beagle" (the actual title was a lot longer than that), and is of course best remembered for writing "On the Origin of Species". If this book is remembered at all, nowadays, it is as a footnote. Who knows, perhaps that is justified. It is hard to top "Origin of Species", after all, for impact.

But, in addition to its intrinsic interest, I found this book fascinating because of what it reveals about Charles Darwin, the person. The man
...more
Andy
Jun 18, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Is the expression of emotions something inherited or are they learned from our interactions with each other? Is a smile universal? How about a nod of the head to indicate the affirmative? Nature vs. nurture is the question. Coming from Darwin, one expects there to be a “nature” response which, for the most part, there is. That doesn’t mean it’s all “nature” which, I think, Darwin acknowledges. He spends a lot of time writing about the displays of emotions, what causes them, how similar emotions ...more
David
Aug 18, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Love the voice of Darwin and according to friends in the psychology field a lot of what he says still holds up. We learn about nerve force, which as animals sense things creates an impulse to act, and like skeletal systems and circulatory systems, we carry as human a huge legacy of these reactions from the animals we evolved from. Similar to On The Origin of Species, Darwin focuses on observations rather than speculation on the internal mechanisms at play, which I think had led to the long shelf ...more
Michelle
Feb 03, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
What a fascinating read! Before his time, Darwin was already discussing how similar humans are to the lower animals and only now are people taking his work seriously in this respect (at least, that is what it seems like). His methodology and examples gave a very clear image of how similar humans and animals are, and how similar we are across cultures as well. A great read.
Sandro
Jun 06, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Too close to psychology for my taste. To be honest: my reading direction was slightly "diagonal".
Bt
Jun 01, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Very educational.
Susan
Aug 06, 2018 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
A few interesting anecdotes and observations, but overall very dry.
Gonca
Jul 16, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
a must read for everyone working on emotions
Ellissa
Mar 31, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: bigbook2018
The book is fascinating in itself, but also regarding the commentary and debate that still continues over this topic.

I highly recommend if you are interested. Plus I learnt the Darwin had a bit of sass which was kind of classily hilarious.
Simone Zacarias
Sep 11, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I find remarkable the way in which Darwin addressed the universality of a character so apparently subjective as emotion in humans (and animals). It surely agrees with his "Evolutionary mindset" but it is quite original for his lifetime cultural and social contexts to compare the western "civilized" societies to the "savage" ones in the way he attempted to.

I see scientific and historical value of this book. Some have misused the Darwinian ideas on "struggle for life", particularly applied to
...more
Cyndie Courtney
Listened on audiobook and alternatively horrified, fascinated, and bored by this book in turns. Cannot say that I think I learned anything new or useful.

The interesting: Intriguing to see behavior through the point of view from someone from such a long time ago. A lot of the behaviors that Darwin wonders about we now have strong neuroendocrine explanations which pretty elegantly resolve the contradictions he struggled with. Also nice to see that even he seemed to understand that many of our
...more
Kelly
This book is definitely worth reading for its historical interest value (to see how early research into emotions was conducted) and to see the thoroughness of Darwin's observations, especially the great deal of work he puts into cross-cultural investigation, given the limited resources at his disposal. However, some of his explanations seem almost silly in light of what scientists know today. For example, in some places he refers to increased heart rate caused by some emotions as coming from ...more
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Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist, eminent as a collector and geologist, who proposed and provided scientific evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs became accepted by the scientific community and the general public in his lifetime, while his theory of natural ...more
“Blushing is the most peculiar and most human of all expressions.” 124 likes
“It is always advisable to perceive clearly our ignorance.” 35 likes
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