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Creative Evolution

4.10  ·  Rating details ·  1,015 ratings  ·  57 reviews
While intelligence treats everything mechanically, instinct proceeds, so to speak, organically. If...we could ask and it could reply, it would give up to us the most intimate secrets of life. -from Chapter II Anticipating not only modern scientific theories of psychology but also those of cosmology, this astonishing book sets out a impressive goal for itself: to reconcile ...more
Paperback, 472 pages
Published December 23rd 2005 by Cosimo Classics (first published 1907)
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 ·  1,015 ratings  ·  57 reviews


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Richard Fulgham
Nov 17, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: those who need scientific rationale to believe in a creative God
Recommended to Richard by: My old friend and fellow philosopher Tim Browning
This book must be read slowly and deliberately -- do so and it will give you an insight into the brilliance of one of the most revolutionary and extraordinarily perceptive philosopher scientists of the 20th Century, IMO.
Bergson changed the way scientists see the world by introducing his conception of an "original impetus", which began simply (if "intelligently") and evolved matter into living, increasingly complex lifeforms and concurrently evolved an increasingly complex consciousness within
...more
Bob Nichols
Jan 18, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Evolution, Bergson argues, is characterized by the progressive development of freedom, which culminates in human consciousness and the capacity for choice about how interaction with the environment will occur. Bergson's second theme is that the impulse that underlies evolution's movement toward freedom is energy. All life is energy. Energy is activity and mobility. Energy is the push behind how that activity will occur. Energy and freedom come together. Energy matches up with instinct and ...more
Michael
240716: i do not know what to say about this work, i do not follow it all, it might be closer to a 3, but the writing is very good. the introduction hails bergson as 'the most serious philosopher of life of the 20th century...', and makes a good argument for his continuing relevance, his unique approach, all of it down to his approach to time- 'duree'- and valourization of 'intuition'. as i am not studying him but have read a few by and a few on bergson, i can see how difficult, how contrary, ...more
Gary  Beauregard Bottomley
Dec 30, 2018 rated it it was amazing
What’s that space that floats between each of your thoughts, you know the similar thing that exists between the essence of you and that of the outside world? I’m going to call it the ‘ontological difference’. Bergson explains it as a process of creative evolution.

Instinct is using the order that already exists. Intelligence is using the unordered. The intuition closes the gap between the essential and the accident and of the form without matter. There is a difference of kind as well as levels in
...more
Greg
Jul 07, 2007 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Bergson's thesis is that Darwinian and Lamarkian evolution are only half the story and that there is a creative urge inherent in life that defines the direction of evolution. It is distinguished from Creationism in that his system does not posit and eschaton or final perfect form, nor an external agent (God).

It has some similarity with biologist Rupert Sheldrake's theory of morphic fields. In his theory, there is an energy field (as yet undetected by modern physics) that controls the shape of
...more
August Denys
This book has a lot of greatness in it that may have been lost to time. It does have its drawbacks which is the main reason I gave this four stars instead of five: Chapter 1's biology is definitely of its time and depends on the reads own familiarity to discern if what he states follows, and there isn't a strong finish to the book, it doesn't feel like a conclusion. However, what is great about this book is that its positions are stated and written well. The book picks up pace halfway through ...more
robin friedman
Aug 19, 2013 rated it it was amazing
I wanted to reread Henri Bergson's "Creative Evolution" after reading William James. Although best known for his development of pragmatism, James had a highly speculative side late in his career, and he praised Bergson highly in his book, "A Pluralistic Universe." Although they have serious differences, both Bergson and James share an emphasis on a stream of consciousness view of the mind, and on the importance of freedom, chance, and indeterminacy.

Bergson wrote "Creative Evolution" in 1907. At
...more
Drenda
Apr 10, 2019 added it
Henri Bergson is perhaps the most famous of the philosophers who fall under the label of vitalism, whose most basic tenet is that the procedures of science, dealing with material objects, is inappropriate to living organisms and especially that aspect of life called consciousness. Since most of the academics in the Western tradition think otherwise, it is fitting, I think, that much of Creative Evolution should be taken up with why they do so. I cannot sum up Bergson's premise better than this ...more
Mahmoud Haggui
creative evolution, a philosophical theory espoused early in the 20th century by Henri Bergson, a French process metaphysician (one who emphasizes becoming, change, and novelty), in his Évolution créatrice (1907; Creative Evolution). The theory presented an evolution in which a free emergence of the individual intelligence could be recognized. It was thus wholly distinct from previous deterministic hypotheses that were either mechanistic or teleological and represented evolution as conditioned ...more
Julian Mathews
Many times it's not the complexity of the concepts but the opacity of the style that keeps philosophical discourse confined to ivory towers and dusty bookshelves. Then, every so often, comes along a philosopher who can actually string a few a sentences together and has something to say. Bergson is more than that, and it becomes more clear as the text progresses. It may be kind of slough getting through all the biologism of the first chapter, but hang in there, it get's better. It should be ...more
Eric Phetteplace
Sep 18, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I should've read this book earlier, it would have helped lay a foundation for Deleuze (who leans heavily on Bergson's term "becoming") and I would have been more receptive to the optimistic tone. As it is, I enjoyed the it and the book has aged fairly well, as concepts like duration and the creative nature of life are still counterpoints to many prevailing theories.
That said, I've come to a point where unnecessary valorization of life and humanity just aren't compelling anymore. Bergson not only
...more
Adam
Sep 10, 2011 rated it liked it
Nowhere near as important or relevant today as Matter and Memory, I'd say, but still the work of a sophisticated philosopher who easily outshines most of his fellows of the continental school of Philosophy.

The chapter on Nothing is interesting. I don't particularly agree with him, mostly because he fails to look at the concept with the precision of an analytic philosopher such as Meinong, whose category of "subsistence," if accepted by Bergson, would probably radically alter the chapter on
...more
Selena
Oct 13, 2008 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: Science enthusiasts/philosophers
There is an almost indefinable line between instinct and intellect. The uneducated farm boy may teach himself extraordinary innovation, where the scholar may not be able to raise a fern, and vice versa. It's empowering to realize the difference, the similiarity, and the fine line in between because it helps us to better understand ourselves, each other, and our world.
Also, this book is very hopeful, as it plays into the philosophy of the seemingly random creations of chaos.
You will probably need
...more
Drew Gordon
Jul 18, 2007 rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: the curious
Dense, but it's a good example of original thought. It is rewarding and makes you feel like you're climbing a ladder of smart; especially when all of the epiphanies are set out in italics. Although, like most French philosophers, the last chapter is incomprehensible because it is basically a personal statement to one of his contemporaries (see: Archeology of Knowledge by Michel Foucault).
Lis
Aug 08, 2010 marked it as to-read
henry miller states in tropic of capricorn that this book changed his life. i usually jot down books mentioned in other books, and seeing as how the other literary references henry makes (dante, dostoevski) are among my favorites, when he goes on for a few pages talking about the extraordinary impact of a book he barely understood, i figure i better check it out.
♥ Ibrahim ♥
Jun 17, 2008 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
This book in its own way, like many of Bergson's works, is a work of apologetics to help those who don't believe in God or who eliminate the whole idea altogether. I would read the chapter on Bergson in Will Duran't Story of Philosophy first and then plunge into this masterpiece of his.
Paul Toth
Jun 07, 2008 rated it it was amazing
Brilliant, if occasionally outdated. Don't read this for insight into evolution. Read it to learn how to see the world with a constant sense of renewal.
JM
Jun 13, 2019 rated it liked it
I need to read this again, eventually, with more attention given to the arguments, and more understanding of the topics Bergson deals with. (Context matters). It's always the case with philosophy, and even more so with those that are old- and possibly outdated- that the science and arguments have not aged particularly well given the advancements made in other fields: Physics, Biology, History, Mathematics etc.

Bergson first popped onto my radar almost a decade ago, and while I can't exactly
...more
Braeden Giaconi
Feb 09, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
Henri Bergson's Creative Evolution was a book that I read because of my reading of Marcel Proust's The Remembrance of Things Past. Bergson's philosophy was very influential in shaping Proust's conception of Time (or durée) in his books. Reading Creative Evolution was the first philosophical treatise I had read since the anthology Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre. It reminded me that reading works of philosophy require careful and slow reading, otherwise, details will be missed, concepts ...more
Karim Kadry
Oct 30, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Beautifully, but catastrophically wrong
Uladzimir Piatryka
May 29, 2019 rated it really liked it
It looks like Bergson try to articulate informally something that later was discovered as chaos theory and dynamic systems in math and physics.
Daze
Jun 03, 2019 rated it it was amazing
Recommended to anyone who is concious and sees value in being such.
Ahmed Hamad
May 17, 2015 rated it really liked it
One of the major crises we are facing today is the division of the "mind" and the "soul". There were those that proclaimed "power" over the souls through organized and institutionalized religions for centuries (which still exists in some regions today). Science had become a tool to be used by the authority, or a game they'd let the little kids get busy with so long as it does not go against the teachings of those religions. But amidst it all, science continued to grow exponentially everywhere on ...more
J.W.D. Nicolello
Mar 01, 2017 rated it did not like it
Glory is like the bed of Barack Obama: it is magnificent, and has bugs in it. Bergson, a beer, and a beret would have worked wonders for me twelve years ago in Williamsburg. Thankfully, at the time of writing this, twelve years from now would have made that time and place 24 years old. Perhaps by then gentrification shall have reached Staten Island's furthest limits on one end, Throggs Neck on the other. I threw in the towel less than halfway through. Thus far one of the year's first flops.
Czarny Pies
Jan 03, 2015 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Fans of Teilhard de Chardin
Recommended to Czarny by: Marcel Proust
I had been meaning to read something by Bergson for some time primarily because he was the cousin of Marcel Proust. L'evolutin creatrice proved to proving to be an unexpected delight. It contains the ideas presented by Teilhard de Chardin in le Phenomene humaine in an embryonic form. Bergson argues that evolution is not the result of accidents but due to the "elan vital" of living things. Essentially Bergson argues that species evolve because they choose to do so. Teilhard de Chardin modifies ...more
Rob Springer
Aug 23, 2009 rated it it was amazing
This book was a turning point in my attempts to come to grips with the God of the Bible and evolution. Not that Bergson talks about the God of the Bible, but he does a good job destroying evolution as something that can happen on its own. What we see as creatures changing from one form to the other is really part of a continuous movement. To freeze it and say "this is a protohuman and this is a human" (and to do that with any life form) is to stop an arrow in flight and say "now it is here, now ...more
Andrew
Feb 06, 2008 added it
Shelves: philosophy
Man, this was a bit of a buzzkill... when Bergson frees himself from trying to write about biology or physics, he makes sense. For most of the book, however, he just comes off as an irrationalist. While I appreciate his contributions to Deleuzean ideas (especially his metaphysics of difference), this was by and large a grim slog. If you're interested in the link between Bergson and later philosophies, read the brief section on the elan vital and the metaphysical and epistemological concepts in ...more
Malini Sridharan
Aug 16, 2012 rated it liked it
his discussion of bio evo makes the scientist in me want to puke. I don't buy into any impulse toward development of consciousness or realization of preexisting tendencies to store or release energy etc. in that arena. But his ideas about the abstract and duration wrt our existing consciousness and intelligence are pretty compelling. the bio evo thoughts can't really be teased apart from the rest, so mixed feelings overall.
Gareth
Feb 22, 2016 rated it it was amazing
An excellent challenge to what we think about how we think. Bergson weaves together instinct intellect and intuition into an understanding that also draws in life, matter, science and evolution as a challenge to those who see thought as having a simply rational basis. A powerful provocation to consider how even thought has a history and a bias, this book will change the way you think about the way you think.
Jerry Pogan
Sep 23, 2016 rated it it was ok
This book was written in 1907 and shows the almost complete lack of scientific knowledge that we take for granted today. Bergson relied almost entirely on philosophy to discuss evolution and biology because there were not that many scientific facts known regarding how various systems worked. That was probably the most enjoyable part of the book, seeing the incredible accumulation of knowledge over the past 100 years that has occurred.
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Henri Bergson was one of the most famous and influential French philosophers of the late 19th century-early 20th century. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. While such French thinkers as Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, and Lévinas explicitly acknowledged his influence on their thought, it is generally ...more
“Pour un être conscient, exister consiste à changer, changer à se mûrir, se mûrir à se créer indéfiniment soi-même.” 10 likes
“all that we have felt, thought and willed from our earliest infancy is there, leaning over the present which is about to join it, pressing against the portals of consciousness that would fain leave it outside.” 3 likes
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