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الفيروسات: مقدمة قصيرة جداً

3.91  ·  Rating details ·  497 ratings  ·  83 reviews
في السنوات الأخيرة، شهد العالم حالات تفشٍّ حادة لفيروسات خطيرة على غرار فيروس نقص المناعة البشري وأنفلونزا الخنازير وسارس وحمى لاسا. وفي هذه المقدمة القصيرة ترسم عالمة الأحياء البارزة والكاتبة العلمية الشهيرة دوروثي إتش كروفورد صورة آسرة لتلك الكائنات بالغة الصغر وعظيمة الخطر في الآن ذاته، وتمدنا بنظرة شاملة عن الفيروسات: من حيث اكتشافها، وسماتها، وتصنيفاتها، وآليات تكاثره ...more
ebook, 171 pages
Published 2013 by ‎مؤسسة هنداوي للتعليم والثقافة‎ (first published 2011)
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Jose Moa
Mar 06, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: biology, meicine, science
The very short introductions series books that i have read are good in the aim they search,they are little pocket books with densely packed well structured information.

After a short introduction to the different families of viruses , their molecular structure and machinery,the book is mostly devoted to the human disease viruses as the herpesvirus,the smallpox,the papiloma,the hepatitis,the HIV,the polio,the flu ,the measless,the mumps and the emerging diseases as SARS or ebola virus.

The book als
...more
Henrik Haapala
Viruses dominate over the life-forms on the planet. Bacteria are the second largest group and we belong to the greatest number of mammals on the planet. For food we eat meat from a huge number of animals. Rainforests are Invaded for resources and thereby exposing humans to new viruses that we are not well adapted to. Viruses even live in enormous numbers in the oceans. Epidemics tend to increase over time because of overpopulation, megacities, and massive travel by billions of people spreading v ...more
Rishab Katoch
"The single biggest threat to man's continued dominance on the planet is the virus." ~ Joshua Lederberg.

I have a newfound respect for these tiny particles which are nothing but genetic material coated with protein. For such seemingly simple design viruses are one of the most primitive, the most abundant and the most lethal things out there. As human societies have evolved from hunter gatherers to farming settlements and then to the congested urban dwellings of the modern day, we have also unknow
...more
Tatsuhiro Sato
May 06, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
4 🌟

A good introductory book about scientific background and lookout of viruses. Useful for anyone who want to learn something about viruses, during this COVID-19 pandemic.
Ed
Apr 11, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
An exemplary scientifically literate introduction to all you need to know about viruses. Crystal clear explanations, good photos and diagrams. By no means a text book but a great introduction for the general reader from this excellent Oxford series. Extremely well written and edited too.
Daniel
Apr 21, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A good book for reading during the COVID-19 pandemic. You'll need some basic background in biology (microbiology, genetics, evolution, human anatomy, ecology, etc.) to understand some of the rather high-level presentation. If anything is unclear, you can probably find it on Wikipedia. Almost everything in the book seems to have a corresponding Wikipedia article (although sometimes under different nomenclature), often providing greater length and more illustrations. The VSI series has a number of ...more
Mhamed Limam
Apr 03, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A useful read ,especially in these times ( Covid-19 outbreak ) . The ideas were straight to the point and easy to grasp . This tiny book will definitely serve as a reference every time i needed to refresh my memory on these subjects .
However ,the final quotation was really alarming : “The stupidest virus is cleverer than the cleverest virologist.”
Ray Penn
This book contains lots of information but is not a satisfying read. It may be useful for those with a medical background to get a grasp of the topic but it does not explain the basic concepts in a systematic way. In striving for high accuracy, the author avoids those useful generalizations which allow the interested novice to get a foothold. This is a pity because there do not seem to be any recent books which fill this gap.
Seth Benzell
Nov 29, 2020 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Seth by: Avinash
Not a super well written or organized books, but an interesting collection of lots of interesting facts. Some that struck me, in no particular order:

>A crazy amount of cancers, at least 18%, are caused by viruses. This includes 80% of liver cancers, 50% of Hodgkins, all cervical cancers, and 97% of the most common childhood tumor type.

>There is at least one virus-type that requires a cell to -already be infected by another virus - before it can be infected by this one. (Hepatitis-D)

>Herpes co-e
...more
Victor Sonkin
As it should be, this 'Very Short Introduction' provides a brief account of existing viral diseases, the discovery of viruses, their role in diseases which do not seem directly viral (like some sorts of cancer or multiple sclerosis), and the like. Books in this series are uneven; sometimes the worst thing about them is that you do not find what you had expected. This one, however, is very much to the point. ...more
Mihai
Dec 15, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Quite a good introduction for those interested in the current state of research on viruses, on what they actually are, the numerous human viruses from HIV, polio, hepatitis etc.
Santosh
Jul 29, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Indeed a very short and precise introduction to the stealthy and deadly manipulator on this planet.
Dina
Jan 05, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Very accessible language to general reader.
Len Zapalowski
Apr 18, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This would be 5 starts if there were more graphics. Very good otherwise.
Denis Romanovsky
May 18, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Good short book on viruses. Probably to short, as I did not get clear answers on how viruses assemble in a cell. Anyway, a lot of good content on types of viruses, diseases, vaccines and new antiviral drugs.
Austin Sisson
Apr 13, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Clear and concise. Equally reassuring and terrifying in the time of COVID-19, even though it was published nearly a decade ago. Even the technical information that went over my head was contextualized well.
Vysh
Jun 20, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Good, readable but can get biology heavy.
Cav
Apr 01, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The microbe is so very small
You cannot make him out at all,
But many sanguine people hope
To see him through a microscope.
His jointed tongue that lies beneath
A hundred curious rows of teeth;
His seven tufted tails with lots
Of lovely pink and purple spots,
On each of which a pattern stands,
Composed of forty separate bands;
His eyebrows of a tender green;
All these have never yet been seen –
But Scientists, who ought to know,
Assure us that they must be so …
Oh! let us never, never doubt
What nobody is sure
...more
Arno Mosikyan
Apr 22, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science-tech
EXCERPTS

Viruses are not cells but particles. They consist of a protein coat which surrounds and protects their genetic material, or, as the famous immunologist Sir Peter Medawar (1915–87) termed it, ‘a piece of bad news wrapped up in protein’. The whole structure is called a virion and the outer coat is called the capsid.

Most viruses are too small to be seen under a light microscope. In general, they are around 100 to 500 times smaller than bacteria, varying in size from 20 to 300 nanometres in
...more
Branko
Apr 16, 2020 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: kindle
I am disappointed mainly because the title of the book is deceptive. It should be “Viruses that cause infection in humans - a very short introduction “. Even then the book does not fulfil its purpose. The part on viruses that contribute to cancer (or are the cause) is very limited. Viruses are classified according to illnesses they cause so it is only in passing that we learn that hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses have almost nothing in common except the disease they cause.
It could have been m
...more
Amratansh
May 09, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
It was a fine read to get introduced to the world of microbes especially viruses. The book explains complicated immune system actions in the simple language & analogies in an engaging manner. The book introduces the viruses along with their comparison to bacteria in the first two chapters. Later on, it introduced the role of viruses in maintaining the order of the global ecosystem.

In middle chapters, various types of viruses and related diseases are discussed involving the biological processes.
...more
Susan
Apr 04, 2021 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
It's been almost 40 years since I've studied virology or even cared about it. This was an excellent book to rekindle my knowledge and also help me to understand how much more we now know. The diversity of the virosphere, the methods that viruses use for transmission, infection and reproduction, and how our immune system responds to foreign invaders are ongoing research topics; many of which are covered in this book.

The author concludes the book with a few interesting statements:
"Currently we are
...more
Harold
Jun 01, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: biology
I found this book very interesting. It contains a lot of nice information on viruses and it is overall clear. In particular, it is very successful at conveying how viruses have a complex dynamics and are present in variety. I found fascinating the discussion on their roles in oceans. I think it would have been useful to include a small introduction to the cell mechanisms in early chapters (DNA, RNA, protein, enzyme). Moreover, I would have like to see more discussion of viruses beyond human dise ...more
Chris Shepheard
Jan 18, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
An introduction yes, but very much an eye opener to our current situation. The World has been here before it seems, before history was written down, and it will undoubtedly be here again.

But here too are surprises: How many cancers could be caused by viruses is still being discovered. Anti-virals may hold much hope for the future in preventing and perhaps even stopping the growth of tumours.

This is the second edition which mention the Covid-19 pandemic in the introduction - what will the third e
...more
Peter Grant
As it says on the tin, this is a very short introduction but still manages to cover a lot of ground. The early descriptions of viruses, their structure and possible origin, are intriguing but later stages of the book became something of a list. Nevertheless a good short introduction.
Paul Womack
May 22, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recent events persuaded me to educate myself on the subject of this book, and it provides a most encompassing introduction. This slender volume will provide a a very basic resource and a very fine jumping off start for further reading, which will include more of the author’s work on the subject.
Dee Rush
Sep 16, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I’m going to give it a four as there was some aspects of that I found a little confusing possibly because I’m an infectious disease specialist and wasn’t quite sure which medical process she was referring to. An excellent book that I read twice with so many different aspects of viruses covered
Mir Khalid
Very short introduction to understand viruses and their importance. Easy language and explanations. Suggested for beginners.
Rafn Sigurðsson
Very easy and a good way to get a little grasp on what viruses are and how they have and affect the human population
Ian Lea
Pretty good but not the best.
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Dorothy H. Crawford is professor of medical microbiology and assistant principal for public understanding of medicine at the University of Edinburgh. She has written a number of books on viruses.

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Psychological thrillers that will leave your head spinning. Cold cases, detectives hot on a trail, unreliable narrators, and a dash of poison...
157 likes · 90 comments
“The oceans cover 65% of the globe’s surface and, as there are up to 10 billion viruses per one litre of sea water, the whole ocean contains around 4 x 10 30 - enough, when laid side by side, to span 10 million light years.” 1 likes
“there are up to 10 billion viruses per litre of sea water, the whole ocean contains around 4 × 1030—enough, when laid side by side, to span 10 million light years.” 0 likes
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