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الأخلاق البروتستانتية وروح الرأسمالية

3.89  ·  Rating details ·  9,498 ratings  ·  403 reviews
تبرز دائماً أشكال متنوعة جداً من العقلنة في مختلف مجالات الحياة وتبعاً للحضارات ويقول المؤلف أنه من الضروري، لتمييز هذه الاختلافات، من زاوية تاريخ الحضارات، تحديد المجالات المعقلنة واتجاهات عقلنتها، ينبغي التعرف على السمات المميزة للعقلانية الغربية، والتعرف في داخلها، على أشكال العقلنة الحديثة، ومن ثم تفسير الأصل الذي تحدرت منه.

وذلك على ضوء تطور العقلانية الاقتصادية المرتب
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Paperback, 199 pages
Published 1990 by منشورات مركز الإنماء القومي (first published November 1904)
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3.89  · 
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 ·  9,498 ratings  ·  403 reviews


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Trevor
May 08, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I think you could get away with reading just chapter five of this one - that is where the guts of the argument is. It is not that the rest of the book is completely uninteresting, but it is much less interesting. It is in this final chapter that the real thesis is worked out.

A thumbnail version goes like this. There appears to be lots more Protestant capitalists than there are Catholic ones. Also, Protestant countries tend to be more economically developed than Catholic ones - so why? Marxism w
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Anthony Buckley
Mar 03, 2009 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
One of the central disputes in Protestantism had long been that between the Calvinists and the Arminians. The Calvinist believed that every person had been chosen by God in the beginning to be either saved or damned, and that there was nothing anybody could do to change his decision. These “elect” individuals could not be certain of their salvation, but they might be identified by their tendency to live lives of piety and goodness. In contrast, the followers of Arminius thought that each individ ...more
Eric_W
Nov 30, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
For years we have been assaulted by politicians and religious leaders preaching the Christian "work ethic," yet I find little justification, if any, for the concept anywhere in the New Testament. I happened to be discussing this with my dad a while ago, who also happens to be one of the smartest people I know, and he recommended Weber’s book. First published in 1905, it provoked considerable controversy.

Weber's thought was grounded in a belief that history is of critical portance to the social
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A
Oct 14, 2011 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Protestantism is ballin'.

Amazing how much this book is about the hustler spirit: dude who'd buy in bulk, talk to his customers and push volume, figure out how to innovate to make a better product. Break with tradition. And apparently protestant women are very best at innovating, so says Weber.

Weber basically writes to Marx at a couple points, referring to "materialist" theories, basically saying that Southern US plantations had all the time and talk of capitalists but the northern homesteaders g
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Murtaza
Sep 05, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
We don't popularly associate capitalism with the religious idea of "asceticism" today, thinking of it more in terms of conspicuous consumption and vulgar materialism if anything. In this classic essay by Max Weber however, he lays out how the foundations of modern capitalism were actually laid in Protestant ideas of self-restraint, worldly action, and a disdain for accumulating wealth for its own sake or engaging in slothfulness. Its not a surprise to me that all our modern ideas, including in t ...more
Hadrian
Even now, this is a profoundly interesting and detailed book, being the foundation of economic sociology, and is of considerable use today.

The main thesis is that several Christian denominations, mainly Calvinists, etc., believed that economic and social prosperity has a religious basis - that God has bestowed the gifts of success to these people, and therefore this should be imitated. Hence the Protestant Work Ethic - a religiously sanctioned form of capitalism.

As the prominence of religion wax
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Tyler
Aug 08, 2019 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: sociology, history
"if we now combine the strictures against consumption with this unchaining of the striving for wealth, a certain external result now becomes visible, the formation of capital through asceticism's compulsive saving" (117)

A canonical work in Social Theory, which quotes Goethe and Benjamin Franklin as much as it does academic sources, Weber's dry analysis of culture aims to explain why Protestantism seems to be so popular amongst successful capitalists. For Weber the answer is that Protestantism en
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Barnaby Thieme
Nov 22, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: sociology, philosophy
In this masterpiece of the social sciences, Max Weber puts forth a multifactorial analysis for the relationship between the origins of capitalism and transformations in the religious, social, and economic attitudes of Protestants regarding the concept of profession or vocation (Beruf). Weber argues that the "spirit of capitalism" is rooted in the belief that worldly work is a virtue in and of itself, epitomized by the dictum of Benjamin Franklin that "time is money."

He traces the transformation
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Caterina
It didn't exactly impress me nor did it convince me. I found Weber's notion of an "innocent" and idealistic capitalism where profit is not the objective and the entrepreneurs should work for the uninterrupted trading of goods and capital, totally utopian. It does not apply to our time and age, where capitalists have shown their true colours and their one and only concern: profit, whatever the cost.
So, The Protestant Ethic probably teaches us what good ideas can turn into. It is difficult to get
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Laela
Aug 31, 2016 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
In “The Protestant Ethic and the ‘Spirit’ of Capitalism,” Max Weber explores the relationship between certain religious characteristics of Protestantism and the “spirit,” or “ethos”, of capitalism. He argues certain sects of Protestantism, primarily Calvinism, played a central role in capitalism’s eventual cultural dominance. Weber begins with the observation that Protestants overwhelmingly comprise the business elite and skilled labor force in comparison to Catholics. According to Weber, this i ...more
Adrian S
Jul 19, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I read this book as a challenge that evolved out of a heated argument I had in a bar with a friend on the socioeconomic side-effects of religion.

Although Max Weber is acclaimed as, among others, a sociologist, I must say that this book is anything but sociology. It is a heap of anecdotal short stories which might as well have been cherry-picked by an uninformed child. No statistics, no control groups, no systematic studies, nothing which would pass for even a semblance of science in 2017.

That be
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Amit
Aug 07, 2011 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book has and continues to recieve positive acclaim. However, Weber's work is not only Euro-centric and anti-Catholic, but relies on the use of a dichotamous inclusive-exclusive framework of logic.

At the introduction of the text, the author endeavours to demonstrate the uniqueness of ‘Western’ civilization relative to others as well as emphasize its alleged “universal significance and value” . At first glance, being different and universal appears to be paradoxical. However, the author over
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Peter Mcloughlin
I guess Weber was Fukuyama before Fukuyama. A book of a grand philosophical premise for the flow history. In this case, those ascetic predestinated protestants working hard for God's favor displayed in material wealth and creating the makings of Capitalism. It might have been groundbreaking in 1902 but it is a banal commonplace especially among when repeated endlessly establishment types. Anyway, I felt like sooner or later I would have to get around to this book. Perhaps if it were 1902 I migh ...more
Charlie
This review concerns the Norton Critical Edition of Weber's work. The Protestant Ethic is a dramatic, seductive, original work that, despite its controversial premise, deserves an edition such as this. The edition employs the classic 1930 Parsons translation along with the translator's preface.

The text is left almost entirely unchanged. The editor occasionally modifies a footnote to clarify a cross reference or explain a foreign phrase left untranslated. A glossary of key terms or controversial
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☆Dani☆
Bit racist to be honest. Kind of promotes this idea of European/American Protestant superiority, which makes sense the more you learn about Weber's personal life, but doesn’t really appeal to me. Firstly because I’m a Catholic, and secondly because I amn’t a racist.

I studied Weber last year in college, along with Marx and Durkheim. While Marx and Durkheim both had some good points going for them, Weber was just a dope. Even his research wasn’t always properly conducted. I get that he’s an import
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C
Oct 15, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
One exceptionally glaring omission - in this otherwise keen survey - is how and why (if at all) Protestantism was part and parcel of the separation from workers from the means of production and the development of the market in labor power. How did it justify this? Why did it justify it? Or did it simply not recognize this event (ideology)? While it's certainly true that Protestantism is the ideal religion to augment capitalism in society, Weber, in tracing the development from Luther, to Calvin, ...more
Travelin
Jul 13, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I suspect that a lot of Germans in the 19th century discovered the discursive power of the dialectic, subsequently enthralling audiences with a kind of permanent intellectual suspense for the next century. In Webber's case, he's talking about theology without any of the theological detail contemporary readers might have identified, engaging in obscure arguments with himself, along with theologians no one will ever care to look up, all buried in 100 pages of dialectic footnotes, thankfully, witho ...more
Chris Anderson
Aug 12, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It's less scary that I find this book intellectually inspiring than that I find that it speaks to me on a personal level:

"The Puritan wanted to work in calling; we are forced to do so. For when asceticism was carried out of monastic cells into everyday life, and began to dominate worldly morality, it did its part in building the tremendous cosmos of the modern economic order. This order is now bound to the technical and economic conditions of machine production which today determine the lives of
...more
Draco3seven Crawdady
Webber describes one of the mechanisms of modernity or more precisely influencing factors of capitalisms as the protestant ethic or as he puts it the ethic of greed. What he points out is that along with the development of capitalism so also a set of ethical standards developed conducive to these goals of capitalism.
Isaac
Its so dry
Sam Crisp
Jul 23, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
just read introduction and chapter 5
Adrian
Aug 08, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is a cornerstone sociological work that Max Weber illustrates with excellent precision, and helps provide an adequate demostration as to why the US is the capitalist nation par excellence.
However, the Penguin edition falls short on a number of fronts. First of all is the lengthy introduction that becomes no more than a tedious chronology of the reception of Weber's work.
Then is the nature of the footnoting. Rather than using a more modern, kindle
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Simon
Jul 10, 2019 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: sociology
The thesis is compelling, but the details of Weber's argument are tremendously flawed. I hardly recognised the Calvinism he was referring to. And his framing of Luther and Lutheranism was problematic, also. But the final chapter is magnificent and has some brilliant writing. Mixed, but one can see why it is an influential and lauded work.
Xander
Nov 24, 2017 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
As the (excellent!) introduction explains, after suffering from a depression that lasted years, Max Weber rose up again and published his most important works. Of these, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905) is possibly the most famous and the most debated one.

Weber's main thesis can be summarized fairly easily: it was the historical development that Calvinism - and its English offshoots - took hold of the masses that created the conditions for modern capitalism to become wha
...more
Eileen Ying
2.5 & meh. i am partial to marx ahaha.
Elise
Jan 16, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Slow build up, but the final chapter was worth the wait.
Caroline Reagan
Only read half tbf, lost interest with discussion of denominations. I went to christian school
Ian Caveny
Jan 04, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, philosophy
It's a classic argument: the Calvinists of the 17th century were so preoccupied with proving their salvific status that they put their focus into hard work and labor, developing a work ethic that has stayed with us even when its original heaven-or-hell anxiety has faded away. However we might view or understand Max Weber now, one hundred years later, credit is due him on a number of accounts: 1) he laid the foundations for sociology as a field of study; and 2) he was one of the earliest modern s ...more
wpschrec
Jan 29, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Very interesting
Elfdart
this book was somewhat difficult to get through because of the footnotes (i have trouble with footnotes), once you get that point though, it’s a fantastic book. it discusses why the capitalist system we have now, and the morality we have now is the way it is. we have all heard of the protestant ethic yes? it is that you must work hard, without pleasuring yourself too much, for the sake of pleasing god. working as hard as you can allows a person to ‘most effectively’ utilize the gifts god has giv ...more
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(Arabic: ماكس فيبر)

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber was a German lawyer, politician, historian, sociologist and political economist, who profoundly influenced social theory and the remit of sociology itself. His major works dealt with the rationalization, bureaucratization and 'disenchantment' associated with the rise of capitalism. Weber was, along with his associate Georg Simmel, a central figure in t
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“specialists without spirit, sensualists without heart; this nullity imagines that it has attained a level of civilization never before achieved.” 65 likes
“It is true that the path of human destiny cannot but appal him who surveys a section of it. But he will do well to keep his small personal commentarie to himself, as one does at the sight of the sea or of majestic mountains, unless he knows himself to be called and gifted to give them expression in artistic or prophetic form. In most other cases, the voluminous talk about intuition does nothing but conceal a lack of perspective toward the object, which merits the same judgement as a similar lack of perspective toward men.” 16 likes
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