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Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views
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Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views

3.85  ·  Rating details ·  161 Ratings  ·  16 Reviews
The question of the nature of God's foreknowledge and how that relates to human freedom has been pondered and debated by Christian theologians at least since the time of Augustine. And the issue will not go away. More recently, the terms of the debate have shifted, and the issue has taken on new urgency with the theological proposal known as the openness of God. This view ...more
Paperback, 221 pages
Published November 28th 2001 by IVP Academic (first published October 31st 2001)
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Jana L.
Sep 18, 2013 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: thinking, spiritual
What a perfect way to explore the question of God's omniscience. As a volume in the Spectrum Multiview Books Series, the book features four theologians, each defending a different view of God's omniscience: the Open-Theism view, the Simple Foreknowledge view, the Middle-Knowledge view, and the Augistinian-Calvinist view. Each theologian was also given a few pages to respond to the other three views, and this is where the strength of the book lies. It is really good to see the four views in conve ...more
This book covers some of the hot topics that arise from thinking about God's foreknowledge. For instance, does God know the future free actions of human agents? If he does not, does that mean he is not omniscient? But what if it was logically inconsistent to claim that an indeterminate event could be known in advance, for there is nothing that grounds the truth of said event; moreover, infallible foreknowledge (or belief, which is entailed by knowing some proposition, p) would seem to "settle" t ...more
Mar 09, 2012 rated it it was amazing
Quite easily the most widely accessible, philosophically competent book on divine foreknowledge, it is difficult to find a more engaging dialogical work on this topic.

Four authors defend their own perspectives: Paul Helm, the Augustinian/Calvinist view; David Hunt, the Simple Foreknowledge view; William Lane Craig, the Middle-Knowledge view; and Gregory Boyd, the Open Theist view. Each other defends his view with significant rigor and sophistication.

Despite being of a Molinist persuasion, I foun
Nov 24, 2011 rated it really liked it
Shelves: own-it
This book does a good job of laying out the differences between prominent views on divine foreknowledge. I found some of the explanations to be more philosophical and complicated than I would like, but it is a difficult concept. I would have liked to see more biblical exposition rather than if -> then type arguments.

Nice format though with four authors and rebuttal from each. I'd recommend it.
Mar 20, 2011 rated it liked it
A good summary of several views on foreknowledge, but a bit too technically philosophical for my tastes. I recommend "Predestination and Free Will: Four Views" on my book list instead.
Jan 26, 2008 rated it liked it
This book is heavily philosophical, and for that reason I think it is not as good as it could have been. I prefer an exegetical account of dealing with divine foreknowledge, free-well, sovereignty etc...however, I do realize that philosophy enters the tangles of theology because it helps untangle tensions in the Bible. Philosophy is important, and all of us are philosophers (even one's who supposedly hate it), but it must remain in service to biblical authority rather then having biblical author ...more
Apr 18, 2015 rated it liked it
Solid effort looking at God's knowledge of the future. Found myself wishing it was more theological and biblical, less philosophical and theoretical. Greg Boyd represents the open theism view. Thankfully, I think this view has already peaked and is receding in prominence. It takes the "God changes his mind/regrets" texts in Scripture literalistically instead of anthropomorphically. David Hunt keeps his cards close to his chest in the "simple foreknowledge view" chapter. He believes that God know ...more
Amanda Liston
Mar 24, 2012 rated it liked it
Shelves: e-books
II'm hovering between giving this book 3 and 4 stars, but I went with 3. There were things I liked and things I didn't liike. I loved how the book was structured; each section was written by a theologian who held a different viewpoint regarding Divine Foreknowledge. Then, the other three theologians would write a response to the other's essay. So since there were four different writing styles, I liked some better than others. The Open-Theism chapter was by far my favorite. He based his viewpoint ...more
Kris Brewer
Jul 25, 2013 rated it liked it
While this was an interesting read, and sheds some light on the theology of the denominational world, I was quite disappointed in the lack of a scriptural approach by most of the authors (obviously the reason for the theological weakness in the denominational world). For most of the book, the authors simply ignored any scripture that disproved their theory, treating it as if it didn't exist. Often, those who addressed troublesome passages did so in an effort to discredit them, rather than adjust ...more
Jacob O'connor
Dec 09, 2013 rated it liked it
Proverbs 18/17 says "The first to plead his case seems right, Until another comes and examines him". It's this very reason why I enjoy debates and books like this so much. Divine Foreknwledge hosts 4 theologians, an open thiest. a classical Arminianist, a Molinist, and finally a Calvinist. Each has a go at cashing out his position. Most surprising was the open theist. I don't typically think of this view as scholarly, but Gregory Boyd does well. Ultimately I feel Craig's Molinism is the right on ...more
Zoe Scrivener
Apr 07, 2013 rated it did not like it
I was thrilled when I first started this book, because it looked like it would be what I was looking for - exegesis and counterexegesis of the pertinent passages to each view. I was quickly disillusioned. While the first half of the first presentation uses Scripture extensively, the rest of the book was filled with philosophy and logic. And not anything easily understood by the layperson, either. One would need a couple college courses of logic before being able to decipher the arguments.
Hé Ré A
Mar 02, 2016 rated it it was amazing
Wrestling with the theological ideas of foreknowledge? Then this could be the book for you! It lays out 4 common theologies in simple, to understand ways. I read it at age 19 with no history of studying theology (was actually one of the first assignments for Theology 101) & found it easy to understand!
Chad Gibbons
Jul 25, 2011 rated it really liked it
This book does a great job explaining the 4 positions as well as bringing up the problems that each one faces. This is a must-read for anyone interested in the options of reconciling freedom and foreknowledge.
Dec 31, 2009 rated it it was amazing
A great analysis for 4 competing systems pertaining to Divine Foreknowlege and Providence. Interesting interaction between the presenters, although there are no follow-up comments to the presenter's rebuttals. Craig's chapter on Molinism is one of the best descriptions of that position in print.
Filip Sekkelsten
Dec 07, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: teologi
A great book on different views on divine foreknowledge. I especially appreciated William Lane Craig's section on Molinism.
Jan 01, 2011 rated it really liked it
A good summary of the various views on Divine Foreknowledge.
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James K. Beilby (PhD, Marquette University) is professor of systematic and philosophical theology at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota.
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