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On Liberty

3.95  ·  Rating details ·  24,909 ratings  ·  743 reviews
Published in 1859, John Stuart Mill's On Liberty presented one of the most eloquent defenses of individual freedom in nineteenth-century social and political philosophy and is today perhaps the most widely-read liberal argument in support of the value of liberty. Mill's passionate advocacy of spontaneity, individuality, and diversity, along with his contempt for compulsory ...more
Paperback, 187 pages
Published July 29th 1985 by Penguin Classics (first published April 1859)
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Tom Gray Later in the essay, Mill states that this holds true only for opinions. if this opinion is translated into action then there may be grounds for…moreLater in the essay, Mill states that this holds true only for opinions. if this opinion is translated into action then there may be grounds for suppressing it. Using Mill's example, if this opinion is used to excite an angry mob to violence then it is permissible to sanction it. If it were printed on placards or handbills to excite the mob then its expression could be suppressed.

The issue is, of course, just when does opinion translate into action and just what constitutes action. If someone has website in which they advocate violence, should they run afoul of the law? If they do not directly advocate violence but promote hate that will trend to make readers tend toward hateful actions, does that constitute the advocacy of violence(less)
Nat I think the essay is pretty plainly written. There are some of the complex sentence structures that you often see it stuff from the 19th century (lots…moreI think the essay is pretty plainly written. There are some of the complex sentence structures that you often see it stuff from the 19th century (lots of semicolons), but overall, it's not really difficult. There are a couple of odd words, and some parts were historical context is handy (one bit that confused me is the "Maine Law", which he mentions late in the book. Turns out it was the specific name of an early alcohol prohibition law). On the whole though, I think most people could read this pretty easily and understand it. (less)

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WARNING: Some of my political views are discussed in this VERY LONG review. I don't think there is anything offensive but with politics, you never know. Therefore, in case anything I say upsets anyone, I have included several very CUTE kitten photos by way of apology.

6.0 stars. On Liberty has secured a spot on my list of “All Time Favorite” books. I have gone through a pretty significant political re-examination over the last several years (maybe a lot of us have). A few years ago, if you were
Mayar Hassan
Jul 07, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتاب مرهق لكنه دسم خرجت منه بالعديد من الأفكار
في البداية يتحدث الكاتب عن الحرية ومفهومها، وعن التوترات الناشئة بين الحقوق الفردية والمصلحة العامة للمجتمع الأكبر، وهل يمكن أن يكون الأنسان حراً بالمطلق، وهل الحرية مفهوم مرن يمكن أن يصوغه كل مجتمه حسب خصوصيته
يتحدث بعدها الكاتب عن حدود سلطة المجتمع على الفرد، فالانسان كائن أجتماعي تؤثر قراراته على الآخرين، وباتالي التدخل للحد من حرية الفرد يكون أمرا ضروريا في بعض الأحيان، وتتلخص سلطة المجتمع على حرية الفرد عندما يدخل دائرة شخص آخر ويسبب له الأذى
Jul 19, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Εκατομμύρια σε όλον τον πλανήτη ομνύουν σε κάποιο από τα λεγόμενα Ιερά Κείμενα. Εφόσον αυτό τους προσφέρει γαλήνη και ελπίδα, ποιος είμαι εγώ να τους κρίνω; Διατηρώ όμως το δικαίωμα να πιστεύω πως, εφόσον αυτό το μικρό σε έκταση αλλά τεράστιο σε σημασία βιβλιαράκι συνόδευε τουλάχιστον κάποιες στιγμές της καθημερινότητας των ανθρώπων, ο κόσμος θα ήταν πολύ ανεκτικότερος, ίσως και καλύτερος κατά τι .
Η Ανοχή ίσως είναι το επιστέγασμα όσων πρεσβεύει ο Mill και φυσικά η Ελευθερία – σε κάθε της μορφή
Jun 01, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Anybody interested in free speech must surely be concerned with the situation of Bret Weinstein in the US. See for instance his hour interview here:

One can only be deeply ashamed that non-conservative media has (I understand) all but ignored this story. Curious to have a statement of why this is so, I've written to NPR to find out why they have not reported one word on it. I am waiting for a response.

Meanwhile, John Stuart Mill's words to remind us of wha
Rebecca McNutt
I've been meaning to read this old classic for a long time now, and I'm really glad I finally got around to it. Regardless of whether or not you agree with its ideas, On Liberty is certainly worth a look at. In its short but complex look at society and individuality, it manages to reach law, philosophy and politics all at once and really leave you thinking. Unfortunately my mom took the copy of it we have to Belize before I could finish the last two pages so technically I didn't complete it, but ...more
Ahmed El  Wakeel

يا ريت الناس كانت قرأت الكتاب من زمان, عمرنا ما كنا وصلنا للي احنا فيه دلوقتي , للأسف ... أمه أغلب مشاكلها تحلها بعض الكتب . يا للبساطة و السخرية المبكية.
تحديث بتاريخ 16 / 8 / 2013

عارف لما تكون بتقرأ وكل صفحتين ثلاثه تسيب الكتاب وتسرح مع نفسك وتتخيل الفكره المطروحه و إسقاطها المقابل في الحياة. عارف لما والدتك تشوفك بتصقف كل ربع ساعة بالكثير بسبب جملة عجبتك. عارف لما دكتور جامعي مشهود له بأنه متغطرس نسبيا ومتعالي يتساهل و يتواضع مع زميلتي اللي صادفت انها بتكلمه وهيا ماسكه الكتاب, فتتحول شخصيته مع
mi ha sempre commosso la dedica che Stuart Mill, uno dei miei filosofi preferiti, fa in questo suo famosissimo libro (riletto di recente perché ricordavo una bellissima invettiva contro la tirannide della maggioranza, "dell'opinione e del sentimento prevalenti" da cui ci dobbiamo proteggere non meno che da altre tirannie) alla moglie Harriet scomparsa un anno prima, tanto che non sottoporrà il libro a revisione senza il suo parere e lo pubblicherà così, come è sgorgato, libero e purissimo. "Quan ...more
Nikos Tsentemeidis
Σπουδαίο έργο !!!
Mar 29, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
الحرية كلمة قليلة الأحرف ولكني كلما نظرت وتأملت وتعمقت في معناها وجدت أنها بحر عميق من الصعب الوصول لقاعه. هل فعلاً يمكن للإنسان أن يكون حُرَّا بالمطلق؟ شخصياً أرى أن الحرية "شيء" مرن تلتقي عالمياً في نقاط جوهرية وتختلف على مستوى المجتمعات في أنماط مختلفة يصوغها كل مجتمع حسب خصوصيته، وهذا ما وجدته في هذا الكتاب الفريد. هو كتاب قليل الصفحات ولكنه ثقيل المحتوى، أثناء القراءة وجدت أنه يتكلم عن أشياء بديهية ولكن هذه البديهيات ازدادت عمقاً مع كل صفحة، هو فعلاً كتاب من النوع "المُولِّد" للأفكار والتسا ...more
Jan 13, 2015 rated it really liked it
Shelves: theory
Eccentricity has always abounded when and where strength of character has abounded; and the amount of eccentricity in a society has generally been proportional to the amount of genius, mental vigor, and moral courage which it contained.

It would be pretentious to suggest I dedicated my reading to Ahmed Merabet, yet it would be untrue to exclaim otherwise. We've drowned in debate about liberty this last week. Somehow I regard that as most encouraging. I found Mill’s treatise riveting and incisive
Nasser Moh'd
Apr 19, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
مثل هذا الكتاب يجب ان يدرس في المدارس وان تقام لأجله المحاضرات
بحث فلسفي في حرية الفرد واكثر ما عجبني حول سلطة المجتمع على حرية الفرد
لن تقوم لنا قائمه او عزه الا بمثل هذه الحريات

( اذا اجبرت الفرد على موقفك فانت حرمته من معرفة موقفه الخطأ وتغييره وايضاً حرمة نفسك من معرفة ما اذا كان رايه هو الصواب)

مشكلة الكتاب اعتقد في الترجمه لاني عانيت من بعض المصطلحات والفقرات ..الغير متناسقه
Luís C.
In the mid-nineteenth century, John Stuart Mill wrote this book defending liberty, with wise words, presenting all the pros and cons devoted to the woman of his country, of which she was a well-known British feminist. He, in turn, was the son of an Anglican pastor. Mill is best known for his work as an economist in which he mixes principles of liberalism with principles of socialism. In the background, today's world all over the West. All the western world studies his work but many people do not ...more
Tam Nguyen
Apr 03, 2013 rated it it was amazing
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Tam by: it's me
Shelves: favorite, non-fiction
Một cuốn sách ý nghĩa cho những con người tìm đến sự tự do cho chính bản thân mình

Tự do, với John Stuart Mill, không phải là muốn làm gì thì làm, như mọi người thường nghĩ, mà là con người phải được phát triển theo đúng hướng tự nhiên của mình, không được bắt ép họ trở thành một ai đó, mà được là chính anh ta, với điều kiện là không xâm phạm đến tự do của ngừoi khác.

Con người, đối với JSM, cũng là quan trọng nhất, con người tự do thật sự phải là một người độc lập, tự sống cuộc sống của riêng mìn
Jun 21, 2015 rated it it was amazing
خريد اين كتاب خيلي اتفاقي بود اما حقيقتا اتفاق مباركي بود! قبل از هرچيز بايد تلاش مترجم را ستود چرا كه ترجمه ي ايشان فوق العاده روان و بي نظير بود. مطالب كتاب علاوه بر رساله ي درباره ي آزادي كه ترجمه ي دقيق متن نگارش يافته جان استوارت ميل بود حاوي دو نقد بر تفكرات وي و همچنين چند مقاله از آثار ديگر وي بود كه هر كدام در نوع خود حاوي تفكرات و ديدگاه هاي جالب و متعالي نويسنده بود. اين كتاب بدون توجه به زمان نگارشش حاوي ديدگاه ها و انتقاداتي است كه علي الخصوص در مورد كشورهاي جهان سوم و حتي در زمان ح ...more
نعیمه بخشی
اول: آنکه اگر عقیدهای را مجبور به خاموشی کنیم، آن عقیده ممکن است حق باشد و اگر منکر این شویم قضاوت خود را مصون از خطا پنداشتهایم.

دوم: هر چند عقیدهی خاموش شده باطل باشد، ممکن است قسمتی از حقیقت را شامل شود و اغلب چنین است. چون عقیدهی رایج یا عمومی در هر موضوعی هرگز همهی حقیقت نیست. تنها با برخورد عقاید مخالف است که همهی حقیقت فرصت تجلی خواهد داشت.

سوم: اگر هم عقاید مقبول نه تنها بر حق باشند بلکه همهی حقیقت باشند، چنانچه به طور پیوسته آن را به مبارزه نطلبند، اعتقاد اغلب معتقدان به آن از نوع غیر عقل
أحمد نفادي
أخيرا انتهيت من الكتاب على الرغم من صغر حجمه الا انه مليء بالأفكار التي قد تبدو للوهلة الأولى " بديهية" ولكن بعد أن تقرأ تسأل نفسك إذا كانت بديهية بهذه الدرجة فلم لا تطبق بل وتحارب ؟!!!!
من الصعب عمل مراجعة كاملة عن الكتاب خاصة مع تشعب أفكاره لكنه كمجمل كتاب رائع من النوعية التي لابد من تدريسها في المدارس بدلا من الهراء الفكري الذي يدرس حاليا

هناك تشابهات عديدة بين مجتمع ميل في القرن ال 19 و مجتمعنا العربي الحالي ف القرن ال 21 خصوصا فيما يتعلق بسلطات الحكومة والرأي في الاداب والفنون وهو ما استعجبت
Quân Khuê
Mar 16, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Là một trong những cuốn sách mà khi đọc xong tôi luôn tiếc nuối vì sao mình chưa đọc nó sớm hơn. Cuốn sách này như một loại ánh sáng đối với tâm hồn. Cuốn sách không quá dày nhưng những gì bạn có được sau khi đọc nó chẳng bao giờ là mỏng
May 21, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Cuốn sách giá như tất cả các sinh viên hay học sinh cấp 3 đều đọc. Chắc sẽ tốt hơn rất nhiều cho đất nước này và tránh được rất nhiều những sự lãng phí và sai lầm kinh khủng.
Feb 01, 2009 rated it really liked it
Not that I agree entirely with Mill's ideas about the structures and general functions of the individual and society, but this was a fascinating insight into the society I live in now, and how I regard my own place in society, if I have one. Most interesting were his points about freedom of expression, and his ability to move from our justifications for freedom of expression to freedom of tastes and pursuits without even flinching. Definitely worth a read, whatever your political persuasion.
Nov 27, 2014 rated it it was amazing
4.5/5 I was listening to an interview of Mr.Anupam Kher today on a 'Newslaundry' podcast. The interviewer was questioning him persistently on why he supports restrictions on freedom-of-expression ? I think Mr.Kher (I am a semi-fan of his), gave a number of arguments which were moral and not legal, niceties and not crimes, and failed to distinguish between the 2. This makes me wonder whether even those who suppose themselves to be liberals truly understand the basic reasons behind freedom-of-expr ...more
Written in the 1850s, parts of this classic text are a little dated, but mostly it remains surprisingly relevant to the modern world. Probably it’s most famous for its second chapter, where Mill gives an impassioned defence of free speech. It’s noticeable that he sees social pressure as a more insidious threat to free speech than government legislation. How relevant is the quote below to the modern phenomenon of the social media mob?

“…there needs protection also against the tyranny of the prevai
Dec 20, 2009 rated it it was amazing
This book is a classic. Giving due credit, I must acknowledge Prof. Keith Eubanks for inadvertently turning me on to Mill. I think Eubanks once quoted Mill, perhaps in his course syllabus, and I found the quote (something about expecting more from students, and how they will perform to these higher standards given the expecatation and opportunity) intriguing.

Anyway, if you're interested in learning where I get a lot of my thoughts on being an individual, read this book (or read essays/books by
Jun 24, 2011 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: british-irish
It's amazing how it appears as if the older the work, the more relevant it is to today. Sure, this is anything but 'old' in comparison to Socrates and other writers, but this over 150 year old document still serves well today, definitely worth the few hours reading and I recommend it to everyone.

It is logically structured and written with ease of reading and understanding without the sacrifice of the quality of his argument.

As mentioned by Mill, he's not necessarily bringing anything new to the
Oct 10, 2017 rated it it was ok
Shelves: politics, philosophy
MILL: the only freedom which deserves the name is that of pursuing our own good in our own way...
ME: Yes. Good
MILL: long as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to obtain it...
ME: Great. Go on. keep em comin
MILL: ..therefore Neoliberalism
ME: No
بسام عبد العزيز
Jan 01, 2015 rated it it was amazing
ألف باء الليبرالية..
بل أنه ألف باء و تاء و ثاء حتى ياء الليبرالية!!!

أعتقد أن أي شخص يدعي الليبرالية و لم يقرأ هذا الكتاب فلابد أن يعيد تعريفه لنفسه!

ستيورات ميل يحدد مفهوم الحرية.. ما هى حدود الحرية؟ كيف نوازن بين حرية الفرد و سلطة المجتمع؟ ما هى الحريات الشخصية و كيف يمكن تحديدها و تعريفها؟ كيف نتصرف تجاه حريات الآخرين؟ هل يجوز للدولة التدخل في حياة الأفراد حتى لو كان هذا التدخل لصالح تاكيد حرية الأفراد؟

كل تلك الأسئلة و غيرها يحاول ستيورات ميل أن يجيبها في سبيل إصلاح المجتمعات الديمقراطية الحد
Huda Aweys
في النسخة اللي معايا ، و هي نسخة ملخصة للكتاب بتتعرضله بالتحليل و الشرح ، بيبدأ الكاتب فيها بالتعرض لملامح العصر الذي عاش فيه (جون ستيوارت ميل) ، ثم بسيرة موجزة عن شخصه ... ، في حديثه عن ملامح ذلك العصر مثلا بنجد أنه بيشير لدور طبقة التجار الأغنياء أو الطبقة البرجوازية ، في تغيير القيم و الأفكار الأوروبية في ذلك الوقت ، و الثورة على رجال الكنيسة و أمراء الإقطاع ،
الأمر الذي خرج بأوروبا من العصور الوسطى إلى عصر النهضة كما هو معروف ... ، كذلك بيتعرض للنزعات و المذاهب التي سادت في ذاك العصر و اللي
Mai Ly
Feb 02, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Phần vì công việc và đời sống cá nhân, phần vì nội dung của tác phẩm mà cuốn này mình đọc chậm dễ sợ nhưng thật sự phải nói là rất ưng.
Tình cờ biết đến bởi lời gợi nhắc từ quyển Luận về yêu của Alain de Botton để từ đó lăn lê đọc từ ebook qua đến sách giấy : ))

Một diễn ngôn luận bàn đa diện về một trong những quyền lợi cơ bản của con người sau quyền được sinh tồn: quyền được tự do.
Người ta cứ thường xuyên rao giảng về tự do ở khắp nơi như một thứ gì đó thật cao cả nhưng thật chất sự hiện hữu của
Rosie Nguyễn
Jul 03, 2013 rated it it was amazing
The book is so great that whenever being asked about it, I'm just speechless, restless, wondering how to give the right word. It's not easy to read, and not easy to make a review. I keep delaying to note my thoughts about it, partly afraid I'm not good enough to comment on such a masterpiece. Yet I try, for my own record, for my later review on this review, and for the future reflection.

On Liberty is an excellent work on human rights and individual's relationship with society. What scores here i
Sean Gabb
May 16, 2014 rated it it was amazing
During the libertarian rebirth of the past generation, it has become fashionable to sneer at the essay On Liberty. It is, I admit, a flawed work, and I will shortly try to explain why this is so. Before then, however, I will put a case for the defence - to show why, despite its flaws, the essay remains a valuable weapon in the libertarian arsenal, and will remain one when Rand and Nozick will chiefly be names found in histories of twentieth century thought.

Mill is at his very best in Chapter II,
Jon(athan) Nakapalau
A foundational work addressing representative democracy that continues to shape ideology today. After the 2016 Presidential Election I would strongly suggest both parties hold 'JSM focus groups' to try to reconnect with the American people.
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  • German Ideology
  • Estado y revolución
  • Two Treatises of Government
  • The Basic Political Writings
  • A Theory of Justice
  • Reflections on the Revolution in France
  • Anarchy, State, and Utopia
  • Perpetual Peace and Other Essays
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Leviathan
  • Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking
  • The Philosophy of History
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • The Spirit of the Laws (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Liberty: Incorporating Four Essays on Liberty
  • The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume One: The Spell of Plato
  • Democracy in America
John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. He was an exponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham, although his conception of it was very different from Bentham's.
“A person may cause evil to others not only by his actions but by his inaction, and in either case he is justly accountable to them for the injury.” 318 likes
“He who knows only his own side of the case knows little of that. His reasons may be good, and no one may have been able to refute them. But if he is equally unable to refute the reasons on the opposite side, if he does not so much as know what they are, he has no ground for preferring either opinion... Nor is it enough that he should hear the opinions of adversaries from his own teachers, presented as they state them, and accompanied by what they offer as refutations. He must be able to hear them from persons who actually believe them...he must know them in their most plausible and persuasive form.” 247 likes
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