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The Function of Reason

3.88  ·  Rating details ·  110 ratings  ·  12 reviews
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most impor ...more
Paperback, 90 pages
Published July 20th 1997 by Beacon Press (first published 1974)
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peiman-mir5 rezakhani
Dec 24, 2016 rated it it was ok
Shelves: فلسفه
‎دوستانِ گرانقدر، <وایت هد> در این کتاب به موضوع واقعیت و حقیقت پرداخته است. البته بسیار موضوع را پیچیده بیان کرده است
‎در کلیدی ترین اظهارِ نظرِ خود، اینگونه مینویسد که: پایهٔ همهٔ قدرتها، برتریِ واقعیت بر فکر است. با اینحال این تضاد بینِ واقعیت و فکر را، میتوان سفسطه پنداشت. زیرا فکر در امرِ تجربه، خود نیز یک عامل است.. لذا واقعیت بدون واسطه، آن چیزی است که میباشد و این تا اندازه ای به علتِ فکری است که واقعیت را فراگرفته است
‎واقعیت ها تفسیرِ وقایع هستند و تفسیر بر پایهٔ یک رشته علایقِ قبلی، که
...more
Aung Sett Kyaw Min
May 23, 2018 rated it it was ok
If the trajectory of our material cosmos is characterized by slow-oozing entropic decomposition, then how do we account for the increasing complexity of life across a development that spans eons? Whitehead's answer is that basically there is a counter-tendency at work that seeks to enhance and increase the quality of life beyond what is executed by a method, i.e. Reason.
REASON is a synthesis of theoretical reflection (Speculative Reason), which serves only itself and operates as a regulative pr
...more
Gary  Beauregard Bottomley
Jul 23, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Pernicious teleology permeates our world today and Whitehead defends it in these lectures from 1929 which are no longer than an obnoxious Hollywood Blockbuster would be. I prefer thought to action and would recommend this lecture over blowing up people on the screen.

Whitehead doesn't like Scientific Materialism and does a very good job at defending a scientific realism position. According to him, our world is understandable in the domain of applicability for which it is under consideration and
...more
Liedzeit
Mar 21, 2020 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Sie besteht darin, "die Zweckursachen und die Stärke des auf sie gerichteten Strebens zu konstituieren, zu artikulieren und zu kritisieren". (S. 25)

Und es gibt die Vernunft "über kurze Distanz", das ist die Vernunft des Odysseus und die spekulative Vernunft Platos. Wobei erstere sich über Millionen von Jahren entwickelt hat, letztere in den letzten 6000 Jahren.

Am interessantesten der dritte Teil, in dem Whitehead das Loblied der spekulativen Vernunft singt. Aber nicht ohne Einschränkungen. "So h
...more
Rasmus Tillander
May 12, 2020 rated it really liked it
Miksi pelkkä tiede ei riitä maailmankuvaksi?

Tämä on kysymys johon filosofi ja matemaatikko Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) pyrkii vastaamaan luennoillaan, jotka on koottu The Function of Reason -kirjaksi. Kirja lähtee ajatuksesta, että järki on elämisen taitoa - kolmiportaisesti sen tulee auttaa meitä elämään, elämään hyvin ja elämään paremmin.

Järkeä on Whiteheadin mukaan kahdenlaista: spekulatiivista ja käytännöllistä. Käytännöllisellä järjellä hän tarkoittaa toimintaa jonkun tietyn skeeman
...more
Mitch Olson
Jul 29, 2020 rated it really liked it
One of the most important but unappreciated philosophers of all time. This book is about the limits of science and scientific-rational thinking. On the need for our openness to "speculative reason" to always be able to overcome the dogma of the day. In the same way that the "speculative reason" of science overcame some the dogma of institutionalised religion, we must open ourselves for new "speculative reason" to overcome the dogma of scientific materialism.

The reductionalism and materialism of
...more
Andrew
Aug 03, 2020 rated it liked it
A brief and breezy (for Whitehead) set of lectures published in 1929, on the vital importance of reason in articulating and guiding an urge in nature to life, to living well, and to living better. Reason and purpose then are exhibited in nature every bit as much as mechanism and efficient causation--and the problem for the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is to find our way through and beyond a mindset that denies this common fact of experience in the name of "science."
Scott Andrews
Jul 12, 2019 rated it really liked it
to live
to live well
to live better
Timo
Jan 19, 2019 rated it really liked it
Really important ideas about the introduction of Teleology back into evolution...will read again (it's short) and perhaps expand this review.
Nathanael Greene Slater
Apr 01, 2020 rated it it was amazing
easy, deep, and vast
Matthew
Sep 17, 2010 rated it did not like it
Ugh. I was hoping for much more from this, but Whitehead goes round in circles here, and never really makes any strong points.
Mike  Davis
Nov 05, 2010 rated it really liked it
Shelves: philosophy
A classic that should be a 'must' for any library on philosophy. Short book that delves into reason as derived from Greek philosophical methodology.
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Alfred North Whitehead, OM FRS (15 February 1861 – 30 December 1947) was an English mathematician and philosopher. He is best known as the defining figure of the philosophical school known as process philosophy, which today has found application to a wide variety of disciplines, including ecology, theology, education, physics, biology, economics, and psychology, among other areas.

In his early care
...more

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