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You are told about the various levels of reading and how to achieve them – from elementary reading, through systematic skimming and inspectional reading, to speed reading, you learn how to pigeonhole a book, X-ray it, extract the author's message, criticize. You are taught the different reading techniques for reading practical books, imaginative literature, plays, poetry, history, science and mathematics, philosophy and social science.
Finally, the authors offer a recommended reading list and supply reading tests whereby you can measure your own progress in reading skills, comprehension and speed.
This a previously-published edition of ISBN 9780671212094
426 pages, Paperback
First published January 1, 1940
The person who says he knows what he thinks but cannot express it usually does not know what he thinks.
You can see why the practical author must always be something or an orator or propagandist. Since your ultimate judgment of his work is going to turn on your acceptance of the goal for which he is proposing means, it is up to him to win you to his ends. To do this, he has to argue in a way that appeals to your heart as well as your mind. He may have to play on your emotions and gain direction of your will.
ایشان یک فیلسوف یهودی آمریکایی است که می گوید من در مدتی که سر ویراستار دائره المعارف بریتانیکا بودم دائره المعارفی با آن حجم که هر سه سال یکبار تجدید ویرایش میشود مجبور بودم که روزی 3هزار صفحه از این دایره المعارف را مطالعه کنم در طول این مدت بود که به این نکته رسیدم که هر متنی را باید به یک روش خاصی خواند و در این کتاب روش ها را معرفی می کند
I. The first reading can be called structural or analytic. Here the reader proceeds from the whole to its parts.I was thinking about the information-overload, the dumping of reading material onto carricula and how students struggle to keep ahead. We all know that it leads to superficial reading, not because the student does not have the mental ability to understand or analyze, but simply because modern students do not have the time to do so.
II. The second reading can be called interpretative or synthetic. Here the reader proceeds from the parts to the whole.
III. The third reading can be called critical or evaluative. Here the reader judges the author, and decides whether he agrees or disagrees.
“Do not train a child to learn by force or harshness; but direct them to it by what amuses their minds, so that you may be better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each.” - PlatoIn the reading milieu, such as Goodreads, where readers gather to discuss books, time has become a lesser evil, since passion for reading replaces more or less the urgent need for gathering information - or writing dissertations, and enjoyment has become a major factor. Yes, then it will be possible to read a book three times, provided you don't have a TBR-Bucket list that is slowly driving you bonkers!
In the first place, you must be able to grasp what is being offered as knowledge. In the second place, you must judge whether what is being offered is really acceptable to you as knowledge. In the other words, there is first the task of understanding the book, and second the job of criticizing it. These two are quite separate, as you will see more and more.The text is divided into 4 sections (over 21 chapters):
will not make sufficient demands on you for you to improve your skill in reading… These are books that can be read only for amusement or information. The amusement may be of many kinds [thankfully, he doesn't enlarge on the kinds], and the information may be enlightening in all sorts of ways [ditto]. But you should not expect to learn anything of importance from them. In fact, you do not have to read them – analytically – at all. Skimming will do.He goes on to talk about the tippy-top of the pyramid. "Good" books, the penultimate layer, do need to be read analytically to extract what is truly worthwhile in them; however, if they are read correctly, they never need to be read again – you've got what's worthwhile, and (assuming you have a good memory) you're finished with them.
Although not all of the books listed are "great" ... all of them will reward you for the effort you make to read them. All of these books are over most people's heads – sufficiently so, at any rate, to force most readers to stretch their minds to understand and appreciate them. And that, of course, is the kind of book you should seek out.True to form, Adler needs another three pages to qualify, and explain in detail, everything that could possibly be misconstrued, or cause a feeling of being overwhelmed, by the books in the list.