Antonomasia’s Reviews > The History of Polish Literature > Status Update

Antonomasia
Antonomasia is starting
I guess actually getting this shows how much more seriously I'm taking Polish lit. Some of those Histories of Scandinavian Literature https://www.goodreads.com/series/1392... have been in my Amazon 'saved for later' for literally about 7 years, and back then I was appallingly extravagant with books.
Oct 29, 2018 10:44AM
The History of Polish Literature

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Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 158 of 570
Andrzej Załuski book collector & bishop (Wiki shows 2 brothers), collection of 300 000 books and 10 000 manuscripts donated to Polish govt. On partition, Russians took it to St Petersburg. After Rus Rev, returned to Poland, but Nazis burned it down in 1944 and everything destroyed. (Sounds like Polish Library of Alexandria.)
Easier to understand why Tokarczuk shocked by presence of C16th furniture in Scotland.
Nov 25, 2018 06:30AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 156 of 570
writer on political reform, admirer of Montesquieu. King Stanisław Leczynski (1708-10, 1733) hoped to win back power via treatise on reform, but fear of offending the gentry meant he could not make suggestions that would strengthen the polity.
Franciszek Bohomolec (1720-84), Jesuit, transformed medieval style religious drama, fan of Moliere, bowdlerised versions for schools, paved way for modern theatre.
Nov 25, 2018 06:25AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 155 of 570
Benisławska (1747-1806) "turned to religious poetry at the 'advanced age' of 28, after having given birth to many children". A good exponent of a Baroque style which was unfashionable at the time. These two not indexed in margin unlike several male writers.
Background of "general marasmus", with a few greats hobbled by this.
Much on Stanisław Konarski (1707-73) precursor of Enlightenment, monk,
Nov 25, 2018 06:21AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 155 of 570
Many rubbish poets about. Verbose legacy of Sarmatian Baroque.
Best used prev. century's religious theme "juxtaposing transient human glory & omnipotent death" with macabre imagery.
Father Jozef Baka (1707-80) often considered worst poet in Polish history and treated as source of amusement, like Wm McGonagall in English.
Notable poets Elżbieta Drużbacka & the rediscovered Konstancja Benisławska.
Nov 25, 2018 06:16AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 155 of 570
in spite of enormous territory, there was no standing army; internal disintegration, country a pawn in the hands of Prussia & Russia. King August II & his son were from a Saxon dynasty (hence Saxon night) sided w Peter tG v Sweden in Northern War & country became theatre of war.
Lowest point in education, economy, literature c.1750, after that "new and vigorous forces" prepared the ground for the Enlightenment.
Nov 25, 2018 06:09AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 154 of 570
situation of Protestants & other denominations worsened gradually, sometimes death sentences for blasphemy. "Religion actually meant little more than a fear of devils and witches." Proliferation of devotional literature with silly titles. A successful & popular 'academy of knowledge' book contained folk superstitions.
Political balance of power in the region shifted: Pol-Lith no longer a rival of Muscovy.
Nov 25, 2018 06:05AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 154 of 570
foreign - became the targets at which Polish representatives of the Enlightenment were to aim their vigorous attacks"
Also sounds a lot like the world some characters in Pan Tadeusz are nostalgic for / still partially living in.
Nov 25, 2018 05:55AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 154 of 570
"though the pupils of these schools could read & write in Latin, they were frozen in tradition, chauvinistic, isolated from the rest of Europe, and insensible to any new ideas. Wealthy aristocrats did travel abroad, where they acquired a fondness for everything French, but...they imitated only the superficial features of Western civilization. These two calamities - either Sarmatism or a stupid imitation of everything
Nov 25, 2018 05:54AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 153 of 570
and gentry living similarly to peasants but having pride in their titles and right to vote. Some worked in administration of magnates latifundia, "the spread of sycophancy, servility, intrigue and false politeness in social behaviour" and a gluttonous cult of feasting - implicitly connected to Sarmatianism. Jesuits also bolstered Sarmatianism. 51 Jesuit colleges, where only Latin taught & speaking Polish forbidden.
Nov 25, 2018 05:49AM
The History of Polish Literature


Antonomasia
Antonomasia is on page 153 of 570
"Wars had devastated towns so completely that some had lost up to 90% of their inhabitants. Country as a whole sustained a population decrease of about 30% due not only to wars & epidemics but also due to the utter misery of the peasants. Concentration of only existing capital, land, in the hands of a few lords" led to division in the nobility, btwn a few powerful magnates
Nov 25, 2018 05:45AM
The History of Polish Literature


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