1483- Birth of Martin Luther
1485 – Born in Putney, near London, son of brewer and blacksmith Walter Cromwell. 1500 – Joins the French army as a mercenary. 1504 – Finds work as a banker’s clerk in Florence, later a wool trade agent in Antwerp.
1509- Birth of John Calvin
1512 – Back in England, marries Elizabeth Wykys, a widow and wool merchant’s daughter.
1516- Publication of Erasmus’s New Testament in Greek with an original Latin translation. 1517- Luther’s Ninety-five Theses. 1518- Luther defends his theological views in a disputation at Heidelberg.
1521- Luther excommunicated. 1521- Henry VIII awarded title Defender of the Faith by Pope Leo X for his treatise against Luther. 1522- Luther produces German translation of New Testament. 1523- King Gustavus Vasa begins a gradual process of reformation in Sweden
1523 – Made a member of parliament and is working for Cardinal Wolsey.
1525-Zurich removes images from churches and puts an end to the Catholic Mass. 1526-William Tyndale’s English translation of the New Testament.
1529- Iconoclastic riots in Basle. Abolition of the Mass in Strassburg. 1530—Augsburg Confession setting down the basic principles of Lutheran Christianity.
1530 – Wolsey is arrested but dies before he can reach London. Cromwell joins the King’s council.
1531-Formation of the Schmalkald League among Protestant cities for the purpose of mutual defense against the Holy Roman Empire.
1534- Act of Supremacy in England, acknowledging Henry VIII as the supreme head of the English Church.
1534 – Cromwell becomes the King’s secretary and, in effect, chief minister
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