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Grammar Help

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Iviana (The Sign Painter) Mʘ‿ʘP (thesignpainter) Yeah. I've seen a lot of this lately.

capitalization
Capitalize the first word of any sentence. Like so. After a period (.), question mark (?), or exclamation point (!).
Capitalize proper nouns (Disneyland, The Wizarding World of Harry Potter, Jenna, Laura, Jack, Ken)
Capitalize 'I'.

punctuation
After a question, there is a question mark (?). ie: How are you?
After an exclamatory phrase, or an onomatopoeia (BANG!) there should be, but not always, an exclamation point (!).
After any sentence, there should be a period. NO RUNONS. A run on: I walked down the street and said hi to the baker he said hi back.

Quotation marks
""
used as dialogue. "Hi," she said. Note the comma after the greeting.
Used to name poetry, short stories, in essays/thematic paragraphs.

dialogue
"Hello," said he.

"Hello!" called he.

"Hello?<" asked he.

"Hello." He turned away.

common mistakes in the English language


it's vs. its

it's = it is
ie: It's very hot outside.

its = belonging to it
ie: The coat clung to its owner.

you're VS your
You're = you are.
ie: You're very pale.

Your = belonging to you.
ie: Your tie is crooked.

They're VS their VS there
They're = they are.
ie: They're very nice.

Their = belonging to them.
ie: Their dog barks obnoxiously.

There = location
ie: I'd much rather go there, rather than the beach.

Yours not your's
Your's isn't a word.
Yours = belonging to you.
ie: I'm yours (:D).

Then VS than
Then = time
ie: She went down the street corner then made left turn.

Than = comparison
ie: I like chocolate more than anything else.

Two VS too VS to
Two = number
ie: I have two cats.

Too = also
ie: I play an instrument, too.

To = preposition
ie: I gave the books to him.

Good VS well
No one really gets these right. Myself included.
Good = adjective
ie: She is a good swimmer

Well = adverb
ie: I think I did well on the test.

Character notes: considering literally NO ONE knows the difference, just say what you would normally say. "Oh, I think I did good on the test" is something you would say, right? Even though it's not technically correct.

But VS. Butt
But = however, thought, etc.
ie: "I'd love to, but I've got other plans tonight."

Butt = ... You're butt.
ie: "Ow, my butt hurts from barre yesterday."

Appostrophes VS Quotations:
' = used to show belonging, quoting while quoting.
ie: It was Jessica's, not yours.
ie: "He said to me, 'go away,'" she explained.

Quotatios:
" = diologue, quoting.
ie: "BLAHHH," she said.

Quoting:
"may i feel said he/ (i'll squeal sad she/ just once said he)/ it's fun said she" (Cummings 46).

comma use
It's a little hard to explain where commas are used.
Conjunctions:
I walked to the store, and bought an apple.
I wanted to go to the mall, but I couldn't.

Separating participles/participle phrases (in bold):
Sighing, she walked away.
The boy, looking around, walked around campus.

Separating absolutes (in bold):
Mind racing, anxiety overtaking, the driver peered once more at the specimen.

Separating adjectives out of order (in bold):
My green skirt, scratchy and stiff, was uncomfortable this morning at work.

Separating appositives (in bold):
The waterfall, a tilted pitcher, poured the fresh spray into the creek.

Listing:
I bought: a carton of milk, eggs, and fruit.
I ran towards the big, red farm house.

PLEASE NOTE: commas are NOT used to connect two independent clauses (ie: She smiled at him, she walked towards school). That's what a semicolon or period is for (She smiled at him; she walked towards school OR She smiled at him. She walked towards school).

ALSO: There is a space after any punctuation mark. If not, it is considered incorrect. Trust me,it's not helpful to read something like this.It's very annoying,and hard to read.

semicolons
Semicolons are used to connect two, relating independent clauses.
I waved hello; however, I said nothing.


message 2: by Ella (new)

Ella (ellarosewood) | 238 comments Mod
This is very helpful.


Iviana (The Sign Painter) Mʘ‿ʘP (thesignpainter) ellipsis
Or more commonly known as "...".
Uses:
Quoting: "I supposed my last name was Milgrom now ... I kept Misha" (Spinelli 104). Used to show where text should be, but is taken out because it isn't of relevance to the report/essay/etc.

Trailing off:
In dialogue: "I wasn't sure..." she trailed off, not knowing how to continue.
PLEASE, You're paragraph about what ever it might be about shouldn't over use ellipsis. They're very annoying if they're over used...
Like that. You're expecting it to be finished, but the thought is never continued.

Also, don't go ".................." because that's even more annoying.


message 4: by Ella (new)

Ella (ellarosewood) | 238 comments Mod
I hope it wasn't me that made you put that in there...


message 5: by SleepyFox (last edited Feb 03, 2011 09:31PM) (new)

SleepyFox One question: why do you say NO ONE gets good and well correct. I'm one of those who will always get those two right, but it is a BLANKET OPINION. it is NOT a fact.

sorry if that sounded angry. i just wanted to make that clear.

Also, some notes on commas/semicolons.
An easy way to know when to use a semicolon is if both sentences could stand on their own; however, there can be sentences like this. =D
When it comes to commas, if the information could be taken out and the sentence would still make sense, put commas around the extra info.
Ex: He cocked his head to the side, listening for the sounds of fire and death, but heard nothing.
Also, that last comma sentence is badly put together (not to sound like a know it all) but i would revise it as: The waterfall was a tilted pitcher as it poured fresh spray into the creek. That sentence doesn't need any commas if you revise it like so.

Another note on ellipsis, they can be overused to prove a point such as everyone involved in the conversation has no idea what's going on. Ex:
"What is...?"
"Er...that's what I'd like to know."
"Wait! It's a...It's a..."
She laughed. "You have no idea what it is do you?"
"Maybe..."

Thats it for my little rant =)


message 6: by Cloudy Storms (new)

Cloudy Storms (cloudstrife) | 43 comments Oh, there are a space before and after the elipses? Oh.


message 7: by Iviana (The Sign Painter) (last edited May 23, 2011 05:25AM) (new)

Iviana (The Sign Painter) Mʘ‿ʘP (thesignpainter) "One question: why do you say NO ONE gets good and well correct. I'm one of those who will always get those two right, but it is a BLANKET OPINION. it is NOT a fact."

Then I applaud you. I know literally one other person who gets it right. I'm just saying that it's very rare to find someone who knows the difference.

"Also, that last comma sentence is badly put together (not to sound like a know it all) but i would revise it as: The waterfall was a tilted pitcher as it poured fresh spray into the creek. That sentence doesn't need any commas if you revise it like so."

I just want to say that I didn't come up with that sentence, and also that sentence was showing what an appositive is.


message 8: by Shayla (new)

Shayla (shaylaalexander) Ah.


message 9: by Ivan (new)

Ivan Torres | 5 comments Iviana, where have you been all my life? You could have saved me from a few of those a couple of months back. Better now than never, right? ;)


message 10: by Ella (new)

Ella (ellarosewood) | 238 comments Mod
Yeah, she's helped me on my writing.


message 11: by SleepyFox (new)

SleepyFox lol yes ur rite. my bad ;D


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