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R.I.P.: Nonproliferation

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message 1: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 12:13PM) (new)

Héctor The concept of nuclear non-proliferation has been in trouble since the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. If the initial shock led to much sentiment worldwide to banish somehow this weapon, this sentiment has been losing support ever since. The concept did limp along for 62 years, which is pretty long, considering how improbable it always was that any country would renounce access to powerful weapons that other countries possessed. However, the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative, officially announced on July 27, 2007, can be considered the final nail in the coffin of a hopeless idea.

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message 2: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 01:10PM) (new)

Héctor NUCLEAR-armed states are criminal states. They have a legal obligation, confirmed by the World Court, to live up to Article 6 of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, which calls on them to carry out good-faith negotiations to eliminate nuclear weapons entirely. None of the nuclear states has lived up to it. The United States is a leading violator, especially the Bush administration, which even has stated that it isn't subject to Article 6. On July 27, Washington entered into an agreement with India that guts the central part of the NPT, though there remains substantial opposition in both countries. India, like Israel and Pakistan (but unlike Iran), is not an NPT signatory, and has developed nuclear weapons outside the treaty. With this new agreement, the Bush administration effectively endorses and facilitates this outlaw behaviour. The agreement violates US law, and bypasses the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the 45 nations that have established strict rules to lessen the danger of proliferation of nuclear weapons. Daryl Kimball, executive director of the Arms Control Association, observes that the agreement doesn't bar further Indian nuclear testing and, "incredibly, ... commits Washington to help New Delhi secure fuel supplies from other countries even if India resumes testing." It also permits India to "free up its limited domestic supplies for bomb production." All these steps are in direct violation of international nonproliferation agreements. The Indo-US agreement is likely to prompt others to break the rules as well. Pakistan is reported to be building a plutonium production reactor for nuclear weapons, apparently beginning a more advanced phase of weapons design. Israel, the regional nuclear superpower, has been lobbying Congress for privileges similar to India's, and has approached the Nuclear Suppliers Group with requests for exemption from its rules. Now France, Russia and Australia have moved to pursue nuclear deals with India, as China has with Pakistan — hardly a surprise, once the global superpower has opened the door.

See Derailing a deal by Noam Chomsky

message 3: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 01:11PM) (new)

Héctor India has officially informed the United States that it has frozen a nuclear deal that was supposed to herald a strategic alliance between the biggest democracy in the world and the richest. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister, telephoned President Bush on Monday night to tell him that the deal had run into difficulties because of opposition from his communist allies. "The Prime Minister explained to President Bush that difficulties have arisen with respect to operationalisation of the India-US civil nuclear co-operation agreement," the Indian Government said. The Americans said that they would continue to work on the deal but analysts and diplomats said it would not be ready for approval by the US Congress before the end of the Bush Administration. "It's over. The Americans are distraught," one Western diplomat told The Times. "The embassy has been working on little else for two years." The deal's failure is a huge embarrassment for Mr Singh, who gave it his personal backing, and for Mr Bush, who was hoping it would be a foreign policy success.

See Phone call derails controversial deal to attract India into nuclear fold by Jeremy Page.

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