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AMERICAN CIVIL WAR > LOWER SEABOARD THEATER OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44126 comments Mod
This is the thread dedicated to discussions regarding the LOWER SEABOARD THEATER OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.

The Lower Seaboard Theater of the American Civil War encompassed major military and naval operations that occurred near the coastal areas of the Southeastern United States (in South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas) as well as southern part of the Mississippi River (Port Hudson and south).

Inland operations are included in the Western Theater or Trans-Mississippi Theater, depending on whether they were east or west of the Mississippi River. Coastal operations in Georgia, as the culmination of Sherman's March to the Sea, are included in the Western Theater.

The campaign classification established by the United States National Park Service[1:], which calls these the Lower Seaboard Theater and Gulf Approach operations, is more fine-grained than the one used in this article. Some minor NPS campaigns have been omitted and some have been combined into larger categories. Only a few of the 31 battles the NPS classifies for this theater are described. The Port Royal Expedition of 1861 has been added, although it has not been classified by the NPS. Boxed text in the right margin show the NPS campaigns associated with each section.

Union Naval activities in this theater were dictated by the Anaconda Plan, with its emphasis on strangling the South with an ever tightening blockade and later in execucting attacks on, and the occupation of the port cities of New Orleans, Mobile and Galveston.

The Confederate response was mainly limited to blockade running and reacting defensively to Union invasions of its territory, with mixed success.


Source; Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Se...

description


message 2: by Bryan (new)

Bryan Craig Blockaders, Refugees, and Contrabands: Civil War on Florida'S Gulf Coast, 1861-1865

Blockaders, Refugees, and Contrabands Civil War on Florida'S Gulf Coast, 1861-1865 by George E. Buker by George E. Buker (no photo)

Synopsis:

Chronicles the role of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron as an important Federal contingent in Florida.


message 3: by Jerome, Assisting Moderator - Upcoming Books and Releases (new)

Jerome | 4237 comments Mod
Gunfire Around the Gulf : The Last Major Naval Campaigns of the Civil War

Gunfire Around the Gulf The Last Major Naval Campaigns of the Civil War by Jack D. Coombe by Jack D. Coombe (no photo)

Synopsis:

Here is the acclaimed historical account of the last major naval battles of the Civil War that took place in the Gulf of Mexico. Losing the Gulf battle closed off the Confederacy's only hope for desperately needed supplies and cash, and forced the Confederacy into a hind war it could not win.


message 4: by Jill (last edited Feb 11, 2015 11:12AM) (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) Campaigns of the Lower Seaboard Theater and Gulf Approach of the American Civil War.

Campaigns of the Lower Seaboard Theater and Gulf Approach of the American Civil War by Books LLC by Books LLC (no photo)

Synopsis:

The Battle of Santa Rosa Island (October 9, 1861) was an unsuccessful Confederate attempt to take Union held Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island, Florida. Santa Rosa Island is a 40-mile barrier island located in the U.S. state of Florida, thirty miles from the Alabama state border. At the western end stood Fort Pickens, which in the fall of 1861 was garrisoned by parts of the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th U. S. artillery and the 3rd U.S. Infantry, under command of Col. Harvey Brown, of the 5th artillery. The 6th New York Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Col. William Wilson, was encamped outside of and a short distance east of the fort. After midnight on October 9, Brig. Gen. Richard Anderson crossed from the mainland to Santa Rosa Island with 1,200 men in two small steamers to surprise Union camps and capture Fort Pickens. He landed on the north beach about four miles east of Fort Pickens and divided his command into three columns. After proceeding about three miles, the Confederates surprised the 6th Regiment, New York Volunteers, in its camp and routed the regiment. Gen. Anderson then adopted a defensive stance to entice the Federals to leave the fort and attack. Receiving reinforcements, Col. Harvey Brown sallied against the Confederates, who reembarked and returned to the mainland. The Union loss was 14 killed, 29 wounded and 24 captured or missing. General Braxton Bragg, commanding the Confederate forces at Pensacola, reported their loss as "30 or 40 killed and wounded," but a Confederate newspaper, found by Lieut. Seeley a few days after the occurrence, gave the total casualties as 175. Maj. Vodges, of the 1st artillery, was captured, and on the Confederate side Gen. Anderson was severely wounded. The camp of the 6th N. Y. was partially destroye..


message 5: by Jill (last edited Apr 03, 2015 08:20PM) (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) What happens when military egos clash.

A Crisis in Confederate Command: Edmund Kirby Smith, Richard Taylor, and the Army of the Trans-Mississipps

A Crisis in Confederate Command Edmund Kirby Smith, Richard Taylor, and the Army of the Trans-Mississippi by Jeffery S. Prushankin by Jeffery S. Prushankin (no photo)

Synopsis:

In A Crisis in Confederate Command, Jeffery S. Prushankin scrutinizes the antagonistic relationship between Confederate general Edmund Kirby Smith and his key subordinate, Richard Taylor. Prushankin offers a perspective on the events in the Trans-Mississippi through the eyes of these two high-strung men and analyzes how their clash in personalities and in notions of duty and glory shaped the course of the Civil War.

Smith and Taylor, Prushankin explains, disagreed over how to thwart Federal incursions across Louisiana and Arkansas. Smith, a West Point graduate and disciple of Joseph E. Johnston, owed a debt to politicians in Arkansas and Missouri for helping him secure his appointment and so opted for a defensive policy that favored those states. Taylor, a Louisiana political general who had served his apprenticeship under Stonewall Jackson, argued for an offensive strike against the enemy. The friction between the two reached a climax at the Red River campaign in 1864 when Taylor blatantly disobeyed orders from Smith and attacked Federal troops. Prushankin shows that what began as a dispute over strategy degenerated into a battle of egos and a succession of caustic personal attacks that eventually led to Smith's relieving Taylor from command.

Despite their discord, Prushankin argues, Smith and Taylor produced one of the Confederacy's greatest military accomplishments in the Red River campaign victory against a Yankee juggernaut. With his insightful portraits of Smith and Taylor, use of previously untapped primary sources, and new interpretations of correspondence from key figures, Prushankin imparts fresh understanding of the psychology of leadership in the Civil War as a whole.


message 6: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) Discovering the Civil War in Florida: A Reader and Guide

Discovering the Civil War in Florida A Reader and Guide by Paul Taylor by Paul Taylor (no photo)

Synopsis:

The Civil War in Florida may not have been the scene for the decisive battles everyone remembers, but Florida played her part. While Confederates fought to preserve their sovereignty and way of life, Union troops descended on Florida with a three-part mission to cripple the Confederacy: to destroy seashore salt works, to prevent the transfer of supplies and raw materials into and out of the state, and to seize slaves and cattle.
-- Union soldiers skirmished with the infamous Confederate Cavalry Captain John J. Dickison, who held his ground in Florida using guerrilla tactics
-- At the Battle of Natural Bridge, a ragtag Confederate force of old men and young boys repelled a Yankee invasion of Tallahassee, making it the only capital east of the Mississippi not captured by force
-- In 1864, Florida's government organized the Cow Cavalry, whose duty was to protect and escort Florida's cattle northwardDiscovering the Civil War in Florida chronicles both land and sea maneuvers. Maps showing the major skirmishes in each geographical area, as well as railroads that existed at the time, highlight the text. Sprinkled throughout are photos from the state archives and woodcut illustrations from books written during or soon after the war. For each town, the author has included excerpts from official government reports by officers on both sides of the battle lines as well as excerpts from other sources, including first-hand reports of the death and destruction soldiers brought to Florida's sparsely populated towns.You can visit Civil War sites in Florida today. Some offer magnificent structures to explore, such as Fort Zachary Taylor in Key West. Others are places where onlybattlefield sites and memorials remain. Read a short history of each site and find out about amenities, directions, hours, and admission fees.


message 7: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) Dark and Bloody Ground: The Battle of Mansfield and the Forgotten Civil War in Louisiana

Dark and Bloody Ground The Battle of Mansfield and the Forgotten Civil War in Louisiana by Thomas Ayres by Richard D. Blackmon (no photo)

Synopsis:

The story of the Union army's ill-fated Red River Campaign and its disastrous defeat at Mansfield, Dark and Bloody Ground chronicles one of the strangest and most ignoble defeats suffered by the Union forces.


message 8: by Teri (new)

Teri (teriboop) Mr. Lincoln's Brown Water Navy: The Mississippi Squadron

Mr. Lincoln's Brown Water Navy The Mississippi Squadron by Gary Joiner by Gary Joiner (no photo)

Synopsis:

The Union inland navy that became the Mississippi Squadron is one of the greatest, yet least studied aspects of the Civil War. Without it, however, the war in the West may not have been won, and the war in the East might have lasted much longer and perhaps ended differently. The men who formed and commanded this large fighting force have, with few exceptions, not been as thoroughly studied as their army counterparts. The vessels they created were highly specialized craft which operated in the narrow confines of the Western rivers in places that could not otherwise receive fire support. Ironclads and gunboats protected army forces and convoyed much needed supplies to far-flung Federal forces. They patrolled thousands of miles of rivers and fought battles that were every bit as harrowing as land engagements yet inside iron monsters that created stifling heat with little ventilation. This book is about the intrepid men who fought under these conditions and the highly improvised boats in which they fought. The tactics their commanders developed were the basis for many later naval operations. Of equal importance were lessons learned about what not to do. The flag officers and admirals of the Mississippi Squadron wrote the rules for modern riverine warfare.


message 9: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44126 comments Mod
Thank you Teri for all of the adds in the American Civil War threads.


message 10: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) Walker's Texas Division, CSA: Greyhounds of the Trans Mississippi

Walker's Texas Division, C. S. A. Greyhounds Of The Trans Mississippi by Richard G. Lowe by Richard G. Lowe (no photo)

Synopsis:

Colorfully known as the Greyhound Division for its lean and speedy marches across thousands of miles in three states, Major General John G. Walker's infantry division in the Confederate army was the largest body of Texans - about 12,000 men at its formation - to serve in the American Civil War. Walker's unit remained, uniquely for either side in the conflict, a stable group of soldiers from a single state from its creation in 1862 until its disbandment at the war's end. Richard Lowe's compelling account shows how this collection of farm boys, store clerks, carpenters, and lawyers became the trans-Mississippi's most potent Confederate fighting unit, from the vain attack at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, in 1863 during Grant's Vicksburg campaign to stellar performances at the battles of Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, and Jenkins' Ferry that helped repel Nathaniel P. Banks's Red River campaign of 1864. that Walker's enlisted men were somewhat older, more likely to be married, and more often heads of households than their counterparts, both Rebel and Yankee. Although the Confederacy may have erred in not sending the division east of the Mississippi River to fight in larger campaigns, Lowe's book yields the poignant conclusion that the Greyhounds were content to remain where they were to shield their families from an invading enemy and the devastation of war. A skillful blending of narrative drive and demographic profiling, Walker's Texas Division, C.S.A. represents an innovative history of the period that is sure to set a new benchmark.


message 11: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) Blockade Runners of the Confederacy

Blockade Runners of the Confederacy by Hamilton Cochran by Hamilton Cochran (no photo)

Synopsis:

Within four weeks of the fall of Fort Sumter, President Abraham Lincoln had declared a blockade of over four thousand miles of Confederate coastline, from Cape Henry in Virginia to the Mexican border. In response, professional runners, lured by both profits and patriotism, built faster, sleeker, low-profile ships and piloted them through the ever-thickening Northern cordon. The tonnage they imported, including items ranging from straight pins to marine engines, sustained the South throughout the conflict. This exciting chronicle of the men and ships that ran federal naval blockades during the Civil War also provides an overall assessment of the blockades conception, effectiveness, and impact on the Southern populace.


message 12: by Jill (last edited Sep 27, 2016 12:42PM) (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) A forgotten but especially important facet of the American Civil War. I have cross-posted this book to some other Civil War topics.

Slaves, Sailors, Citizens: African American in the Union Navy

Slaves, Sailors, Citizens African Americans in the Union Navy by Steven J. Ramold by Steven J. Ramold (no photo)

Synopsis:

As many as one in six Union navy sailors was African American, many of them former slaves. This richly detailed history shows that the free blacks and "contraband" slaves who joined the U.S. Navy during the Civil War were essential to Northern victories at sea. Through their role in preserving the Union, they helped to win recognition for African Americans as full citizens.

African Americans joined the U.S. Navy from the first days of the war and soon demonstrated to a skeptical Northern population that they would fight for their freedom. Faced with the hazards of battle, African American sailors performed with great heroism, and several earned the nation's highest military tribute, the Medal of Honor. Their service in the navy paved the way for their wider employment in the U.S. Army.

Despite the lack of official records on the subject, Ramold has combed through mountains of memoirs, court documents, pension reports, and other sources to discover the true magnitude of African Americans' contribution to the naval effort. The book presents a vivid description of the lives of these sailors from enlistment to discharge, telling the story as much as possible in the words of the sailors themselves. A dozen rare photographs illustrate the range of African American service.

Ramold demonstrates that the navy, from necessity and from tradition, treated African Americans in its ranks far more equitably than did the army or any other public institution in antebellum America. Decades later, black sailors would be consigned to work in the mess hall, but in the Civil War era they fought side by side with white sailors, were treated equally in courts-martial, and received the same pay and benefits. Slaves, Sailors, Citizens allows us to rediscover these largely forgotten heroes, whose story can now take its rightful place in the history of the war and in the struggle of slaves and free blacks to become citizens.


message 13: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) The author walked the path taken by Sherman's arm in the famous/infamous march to the sea.

Marching Through Georgia

Marching Through Georgia by Jerry Ellis by Jerry Ellis Jerry Ellis

Synopsis:

As Jerry Ellis walked from Atlanta to Savannah--the trail so demolished by the Civil War--he examined the scars left by the war, and set out to answer questions about what it means to be Southern. For the legions of readers who enjoy books about the Civil War, Sherman, and the South, Marching Through Georgia is part travelogue, part American history, and part roadside philosophy.


message 14: by Betsy (new)

Betsy Sounds interesting so I took it out.


message 15: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (bucs1960) I thought it sounded like a little different approach to Sherman's march through Georgia.


message 16: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Apr 12, 2018 05:24PM) (new)

Bentley | 44126 comments Mod
A Blaze of Glory: A Novel of the Battle of Shiloh
Note: Historical Fiction

A Blaze of Glory (Civil War 1861-1865, Western Theater, #1) by Jeff Shaara by Jeff Shaara Jeff Shaara - (Civil War: 1861-1865, Western Theater #1)

Synopsis:

In the first novel of a spellbinding new trilogy, New York Times bestselling author Jeff Shaara returns to the Civil War terrain he knows best. A Blaze of Glory takes us to the action-packed Western Theater for a vivid re-creation of one of the war’s bloodiest and most iconic engagements—the Battle of Shiloh.

It’s the spring of 1862. The Confederate Army in the West teeters on the brink of collapse following the catastrophic loss of Fort Donelson. Commanding general Albert Sidney Johnston is forced to pull up stakes, abandon the critical city of Nashville, and rally his troops in defense of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. Hot on Johnston’s trail are two of the Union’s best generals: the relentless Ulysses Grant, fresh off his career-making victory at Fort Donelson, and Don Carlos Buell. If their combined forces can crush Johnston’s army and capture the railroad, the war in the West likely will be over. There’s just one problem: Johnston knows of the Union plans, and is poised to launch an audacious surprise attack on Grant’s encampment—a small settlement in southwestern Tennessee anchored by a humble church named Shiloh.

With stunning you-are-there immediacy, Shaara takes us inside the maelstrom of Shiloh as no novelist has before. Drawing on meticulous research, he dramatizes the key actions and decisions of the commanders on both sides: Johnston, Grant, Sherman, Beauregard, and the illustrious Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest. Here too are the thoughts and voices of the junior officers, conscripts, and enlisted men who gave their all for the cause, among them Confederate cavalry lieutenant James Seeley and Private Fritz “Dutchie” Bauer of the 16th Wisconsin Regiment—brave participants in a pitched back-and-forth battle whose casualty count would far surpass anything the American public had yet seen in this war. By the end of the first day of fighting, as Grant’s bedraggled forces regroup for could be their last stand, two major events—both totally unexpected—will turn the tide of the battle and perhaps the war itself.

About the Author:

Jeff Shaara, a descendant of Italian immigrants, was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey ("Shaara" was originally spelled "Sciarra"). He grew up in Tallahassee, Florida, and graduated from Florida State University with a degree in Criminology.

From age 16, Jeff operated a rare coin business, first out of his home, then in a retail store. After moving to Tampa, Jeff became one of the most widely known coin and precious-metals dealers in Florida.

In 1988, Jeff's father, Michael Shaara, died, and Jeff made the decision to sell his business, and take over the management of his father's estate.

In 1993, the motion picture "Gettysburg" was released, which was based on his father's classic novel, The Killer Angels. After the critical and commercial success of the film, Jeff was approached about the possibility of continuing the story, finding someone to write a prequel and sequel to The Killer Angels. After some considerable soul-searching, Jeff decided to try to tackle the project himself. The decision was difficult in many ways, but most challenging because Jeff had no previous experience as a writer.

In 1996, Ballantine Books published Jeff's first novel, Gods and Generals, the prequel to his father's great work. Gods and Generals leapt onto the New York Times Bestseller List, and remained there for fifteen weeks.

Critics nationwide praised the book and Jeff's writing ability, and the book was awarded the American Library Association's Prestigious "Boyd Award". No one was more surprised than Jeff himself. In 1998, the sequel, The Last Full Measure, was published, with the same result: thirteen weeks on the New York Times Bestseller List, and universal praise from critics and fans nationwide.

Two years later, Jeff published his third novel, Gone For Soldiers, which followed many familiar Civil War characters back to their experiences in the Mexican-American War of the 1840's. Received with much critical acclaim, the book became Jeff's third bestseller.


message 17: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Jan 21, 2019 05:27PM) (new)

Bentley | 44126 comments Mod
We Have the War Upon Us: The Onset of the Civil War

We Have the War Upon Us The Onset of the Civil War, November 1860-April 1861 by William J. Cooper Jr. by William J. Cooper Jr. William J. Cooper Jr.

Synopsis:

In this carefully researched book William J. Cooper gives us a fresh perspective on the period between Abraham Lincoln’s election in November 1860 and the firing on Fort Sumter in April 1861, during which all efforts to avoid or impede secession and prevent war failed. Here is the story of the men whose decisions and actions during the crisis of the Union resulted in the outbreak of the Civil War.

Sectional compromise had been critical in the history of the country, from the Constitutional Convention of 1787 through to 1860, and was a hallmark of the nation. On several volatile occasions political leaders had crafted solutions to the vexing problems dividing North and South. During the postelection crisis many Americans assumed that once again a political compromise would settle yet another dispute. Instead, in those crucial months leading up to the clash at Fort Sumter, that tradition of compromise broke down and a rapid succession of events led to the great cataclysm in American history, the Civil War.

All Americans did not view this crisis from the same perspective. Strutting southern fire-eaters designed to break up the Union. Some Republicans, crowing over their electoral triumph, evinced little concern about the threatened dismemberment of the country. Still others—northerners and southerners, antislave and proslave alike—strove to find an equitable settlement that would maintain the Union whole. Cooper captures the sense of contingency, showing Americans in these months as not knowing where decisions would lead, how events would unfold. The people who populate these pages could not foresee what war, if it came, would mean, much less predict its outcome.

We Have the War Upon Us helps us understand what the major actors said and did: the Republican party, the Democratic party, southern secessionists, southern Unionists; why the pro-compromise forces lost; and why the American tradition of sectional compromise failed. It reveals how the major actors perceived what was happening and the reasons they gave for their actions: Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, Stephen A. Douglas, William Henry Seward, John J. Crittenden, Charles Francis Adams, John Tyler, James Buchanan, and a host of others. William J. Cooper has written a full account of the North and the South, Republicans and Democrats, sectional radicals and sectional conservatives that deepens our insight into what is still one of the most controversial periods in American history.


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