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Orthodoxy > Orthodoxy Chapter 9

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message 1: by Doreen (new)

Doreen Petersen | 438 comments Chapter 9 Summary: Authority and the Adventurer.

message 2: by Galicius (last edited May 17, 2015 08:24AM) (new)

Galicius | 441 comments GK wants to address the question of the incomprehensible dogmas of Christianity. He will give account, he writes, of his own growth in “spiritual certainty” (p. 212) and summarize his own arguments and conclusions against attacks on Christianity, which are all untrue, as he will show. The agnostic objections are threefold:

1. that men are animals, and belong to the animal kingdom
2. religion arose out of ignorance and fear
3. the priestly class ruined human societies with “bitterness and gloom” (p. 213)

If you look at how so like man is to animals you should also consider how he is unlike. The ape does not play the violin, or carve marble with them. The elephant does not build temples, nor does the camel paint pictures with camel hairbrushes.

There is little evidence of what prehistoric man was like to the second objection that the idea of the divine arose in some darkness and terror. There is small amount of evidence of human sacrifice in prehistory.

GK see opposite of the opinion that priests darken the world. Christianity did not forbid music and dancing but “preserved the pleasure of Paganism”. (p. 216)

Another set of anti-Christian arguments “create the impression that Christianity is something weak and diseased” and that “Jesus was a gentle creature, sheepish and unworldly”. That is not at all what the New Testament has. Jesus often acts like “an angry god—and always like a god”. (p. 217) The “diction used by Christ is quite curiously gigantesque”. It is the language that is usually used about Christ that is “sweet and submissive”. (p. 218)

It is argued also that Christianity belongs to the Dark Ages, which is contrary to the fact that it arose “in the Mediterranean civilization in the full summer of the Roman Empire.” (p. 219) As that world later sank it was the Church that brought back out of the Dark Ages.

GK writes that his faith is not a mystical belief but “a primary intellectual conviction”, and getting back to miracles of the previous chapter, he believes in them “upon human evidence as I do in the discovery of America” (p. 223) because “miracles do happen”. (p. 226)
Majority of men are happy and gay about little things in life and sad about fundamental and big ones. It should be other way around. It’s as if a man was standing on his head, which is a weak pedestal, but he should find his feet again and know it.

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