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EUROPE - EUROPEAN HISTORY > JERSEY (BAILIWICK OF JERSEY) -CHANNEL ISLANDS

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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 23, 2020 11:14PM) (new)

Bentley | 44200 comments Mod
This thread is focused on Jersey (also known as the Bailiwick of Jersey) which is a British Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France. It is the second-closest of the Channel Islands to France, after Alderney.

Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the ducal title surrendered to France, Jersey and the other Channel Islands remained attached to the English crown.

The bailiwick consists of the island of Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands, along with surrounding uninhabited islands and rocks collectively named Les Dirouilles, Les Écréhous, Les Minquiers, Les Pierres de Lecq, and other reefs.

Although the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey are often referred to collectively as the Channel Islands, the "Channel Islands" are not a constitutional or political unit.

Jersey has a separate relationship to the Crown from the other Crown dependencies of Guernsey and the Isle of Man, although all are held by the monarch of the United Kingdom.

Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with its own financial, legal and judicial systems, and the power of self-determination.

The Lieutenant Governor on the island is the personal representative of the Queen.

Jersey is not part of the United Kingdom, and has an international identity separate from that of the UK, but the UK is constitutionally responsible for the defense of Jersey.

The definition of United Kingdom in the British Nationality Act 1981 is interpreted as including the UK and the Islands together.

The European Commission confirmed in a written reply to the European Parliament in 2003 that Jersey was within the Union as a European Territory for whose external relationships the UK is responsible.

Jersey was not fully part of the European Union but had a special relationship with it, notably being treated as within the European Community for the purposes of free trade in goods.

British cultural influence on the island is evident in its use of English as the main language and the British pound as its primary currency, even if some people still speak or understand Jèrriais, the local form of the Norman language, and place names with French or Norman origins abound.

Additional British cultural commonalities include driving on the left, access to the BBC and ITV regions, a school curriculum following that of England, and the popularity of British sports, including cricket.

Bailiwick includes:

The permanently inhabited islands of the Channel Islands and their population and area are:

Guernsey 63,026 (65 km2)
Alderney 2,039 (8 km2)
Sark 600 (5,45 km2)
Herm 60 (2 km2)
Jethou 3 (0.2 km2)
Brecqhou (Brechou) (0.3 km2)

There are also several uninhabited islets. Four are part of the Bailiwick of Jersey:

The Minquiers
Écréhous
Les Dirouilles
Les Pierres de Lecq (the Paternosters)

These lie off Alderney:
Burhou
Casquets
Ortac
Renonquet

These lie off Guernsey:
Caquorobert
Crevichon
Grande Amfroque
Les Houmets

Remainder of article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel...

Source: Wikipedia


message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44200 comments Mod
This is a wonderful little film that was put together at the beginning of NATO for all of the member states. This was the one put together for the United Kingdom.


The Instrument of Accession signed by His Majesty King George VI in London on 17 May 1949

Presentation of the history and contribution of the United Kingdom to Western defense and the Atlantic Community.

"Introducing the United Kingdom" is part of a series originally designed as "Know your Allies", and finally titled "the Atlantic Community Series".

Its objectives were to familiarize public opinion in each of the member country with the other Alliance members and to emphasize the national contributions to Western culture and political traditions, economic reconstruction and allied defense in the framework of NATO.

The series was produced between 1954 and 1956 and financed by the US government in the context of the Marshall Plan with the cooperation of the Information Service of NATO, and distributed by NATO. The films in the Atlantic Community Series received large non-theatrical distribution and, in some cases, were shown in cinemas and on TV. Language versions were made and distributed with the help of the national governments.

“My country and NATO” tells the story of each one of NATO’s members, using a selection of unique archival materials to take you back in time.

Link to film: https://youtu.be/ODrja3SmIL4
Note: This is an excellent little film produced between 1954 - 1956 so there is a lot of history in the making here. And it shows a lot of pride in the country.

The United Kingdom and Nato
Link: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/de...

Nato Declassified:
Link: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/de...


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