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EUROPE - EUROPEAN HISTORY > GUERNSEY (BAILIWICK OF GUERNSEY) - CHANNEL ISLANDS

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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 23, 2020 09:03PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
This thread is focused on Guernsey which is one of three Crown dependencies.

Separated from the Dukedom and Duchy of Normandy by and under the terms of the Treaty (or Peace) of Le Goulet in 1204, the Bailiwick comprises a number of islands in the English Channel which fall into three separate sub-jurisdictions: Guernsey, Alderney and Sark.

A bailiwick is a territory administered by a Bailiff. The Bailiff of Guernsey is the civil head, and presiding officer of the States of Guernsey, but not of Alderney or Sark. He is the head of the judiciary of the Bailiwick.

The history of the Bailiwick of Guernsey goes back to 933, when the islands came under the control of William Longsword, having been annexed from the Duchy of Brittany by the Duchy of Normandy. The island of Guernsey and the other Channel Islands formed part of the lands of William the Conqueror. In 1204 France conquered mainland Normandy – but not the offshore islands of the bailiwick. The islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Duchy of Normandy.

Initially there was one governor, or co-governors working together, of the islands making up the Channel Islands. The title "Governor" has changed over the centuries. "Warden", "Keeper" and "Captain" have previously been used. The Bailiff stands in for the Governor, or more recently the Lieutenant Governor, if the latter is absent, for a short term or for longer, for instance during the five years of the German occupation of the Channel Islands. The Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey is the Lieutenant Governor of the Bailiwick of Guernsey and, being the personal representative of the British monarch, has usually had a distinguished military service.

Originally the local courts in Guernsey were "fiefs" with the lord of the manor presiding. Before 1066, a superior court was introduced above the fiefs and below the Eschequier Court in Rouen and comprised the Bailiff and four Knights; the court heard appeals and tried criminal cases.

Otton de Grandson, then the Governor of the Islands, delegated the civil powers to two separate bailiffs for Guernsey and Jersey before he went on crusade to the Holy Land in 1290. This can be assessed as the date of first creation of the two Bailiwicks.

Bailiwick includes:
As well as the island of Guernsey itself, it also includes:

Alderney together with:
Burhou
Ortac
Les Casquets
Houmet des Pies
Île de Raz
L'Étac de la Quoire
Houmet de Clonque

Sark together with:
Brecqhou (Brechou)
Le Nesté
Les Burons
Baleine
Moie de Pot
Moie de Brenière
Moie de Port Gorey
Moie de la Bretagne
Moie de la Fontaine
Moie de Gouliot
Moie de Mouton
Tintageu

Les Autelets
Le Grand Autelet
L'Épile
Le Blanc Autelet (Le Petit Autelet)

Bec du Nez (Oystercatcher's Rock)
La Petite Moie
La Grande Moie
L'Étac de Serk
La Noire Pute

Herm together with:
Caquorobert
Jethou
Crevichon
Fauconnière
Goubinnière
Les Ferrières
Les Ânons

Guernsey together with:
Lihou
Lihoumel
Les Houmets
Bréhon

Les Hanoi (see also Les Hanois Lighthouse)
Le Bisé
Le Grand Hanois
Le Petit Hanois
La Percée
Round Rock
La Grosse Rocque

Les Tas de Pois d'Amont
Les Tas de Pois d'Aval
La Grosse Rocque
La Platte Fougère
La Conchée

Remainder of article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bailiwi...
and
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel...

Source: Wikipedia


message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
This is a wonderful little film that was put together at the beginning of NATO for all of the member states. This was the one put together for the United Kingdom.


The Instrument of Accession signed by His Majesty King George VI in London on 17 May 1949

Presentation of the history and contribution of the United Kingdom to Western defense and the Atlantic Community.

"Introducing the United Kingdom" is part of a series originally designed as "Know your Allies", and finally titled "the Atlantic Community Series".

Its objectives were to familiarize public opinion in each of the member country with the other Alliance members and to emphasize the national contributions to Western culture and political traditions, economic reconstruction and allied defense in the framework of NATO.

The series was produced between 1954 and 1956 and financed by the US government in the context of the Marshall Plan with the cooperation of the Information Service of NATO, and distributed by NATO. The films in the Atlantic Community Series received large non-theatrical distribution and, in some cases, were shown in cinemas and on TV. Language versions were made and distributed with the help of the national governments.

“My country and NATO” tells the story of each one of NATO’s members, using a selection of unique archival materials to take you back in time.

Link to film: https://youtu.be/ODrja3SmIL4
Note: This is an excellent little film produced between 1954 - 1956 so there is a lot of history in the making here. And it shows a lot of pride in the country.

The United Kingdom and Nato
Link: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/de...

Nato Declassified:
Link: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/de...


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