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THE SECOND WORLD WAR > EAST AFRICAN (ABYSSINIAN) CAMPAIGN

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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 20, 2020 09:23AM) (new)

Bentley | 44200 comments Mod
This thread focuses on the history, events, and people associated with the East African (Abyssinian Campaign) during World War II.


South Africans at Moyale after the Italian forces had withdrawn. 1941

The East African campaign (also known as the Abyssinian campaign) was fought in East Africa during the Second World War by Allies of World War II, mainly from the British Empire, against Italy and its colony of Italian East Africa, between June 1940 and November 1941.

The British Middle East Command with troops from the United Kingdom, South Africa, British India, Uganda Protectorate, Kenya, Somaliland, West Africa, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Sudan and Nyasaland participated in the campaign.

These were joined by the Allied Force Publique of Belgian Congo, Imperial Ethiopian Arbegnoch (resistance forces) and a small unit of Free French.

Italian East Africa was defended by the Comando Forze Armate dell'Africa Orientale Italiana (Italian East African Armed Forces Command), with units from the Regio Esercito (Royal Army), Regia Aeronautica (Royal Air Force) and Regia Marina (Royal Navy). The Italian forces included about 250,000 soldiers of the Regio Corpo Truppe Coloniali (Royal Corps of Colonial Troops), led by Italian officers and NCOs. With Britain in control of the Suez Canal, the Italian forces were cut off from supplies and reinforcement once hostilities began.

On 13 June 1940 an Italian air raid took place on the base of 237 (Rhodesia) Squadron RAF at Wajir in Kenya and continued until Italian forces had been pushed back from Kenya and Sudan, through Somaliland, Eritrea and Ethiopia in 1940 and early 1941.

The remnants of the Italian forces in the region surrendered after the Battle of Gondar in November 1941, except for small groups that fought a guerrilla war in Ethiopia against the British until the Armistice of Cassibile in September 1943, which ended the war between Italy and the Allies.

The East African campaign was the first Allied strategic victory in the war; few Italian forces escaped the region to be used in other campaigns and the Italian defeat greatly eased the flow of supplies through the Red Sea to Egypt. Most of the Commonwealth forces were transferred to North Africa to participate in the Western Desert Campaign.


Remainder of article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Af...

Source: Wikipedia


message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 20, 2020 09:25AM) (new)

Bentley | 44200 comments Mod

Italian East Africa, May 1940, before the conquest of British Somaliland


message 3: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 formation - Andrea Nicola (1916 - 1972) - Son of photographer - Fotografia scattata da Andrea Nicola, osservatore-fotografo della Regia Aeronautica nel periodo 1940/1942. Di tale fotografia ne conservo l'originale. --Elwood 00:40, 14 dic 2005 (CET)


message 4: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Modern map of Eritrea showing Massawa (now Mitsiwa'e)


message 5: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Africa in 1940 - Jackaranga - Own work
Southern Europe and Northern Africa before the start of the w:Western Desert Campaign



message 6: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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General definition of East Africa (2005)


message 7: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Modern Map of Ethiopia - Shaded relief map of Ethiopia, 1999, produced by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency


message 8: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 20, 2020 09:36AM) (new)

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Italian invasion of British Somaliland August 1940


message 9: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan - Green: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Light green: Ceded to Italian Libya in 1919[1] Dark gray: Egypt and the United Kingdom


message 10: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Prince Amedeo Duke of Aosta, Commander in Chief of Italian military forces in Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland


message 11: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Modern map of Kenya


message 12: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 20, 2020 09:43AM) (new)

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Hurricane Mk1, RAF serial R4118, Squadron code UP-W, UK civil registration G-HUPW, at the PFA Flying for Fun Rally at Kemble Airfield, Gloucestershire, England. The aircraft was delivered new to 605 (County of Warwick) Squadron at Drem, Scotland, on August 17th 1940. This aircraft flew 49 combat sorties from Croydon, England, destroying 3 enemy aircraft and damaging 2 others. It carries its original markings.


message 13: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Red Sea topographic map (showing modern land borders) - Eric Gaba (Sting - fr:Sting)


message 14: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Map of Massawa which include the mainland and the two islands, Taulud and Batse- Map of the Italian naval base at Massawa - Ermias10 - Own work


message 15: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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French Somaliland and Gulf of Aden area. Cropped from a map of Egypt and the Red Sea in The Times Survey Atlas of the World (1922).


message 16: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Modern photograph of the Keren battlefield - By Marco Fera - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index...


message 17: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Northern front: Allied advances in 1941 - British advances, Eritrean Campaign 1941- Image:EritreaCampaign1941.jpg by User:Stephen Kirrage


message 18: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Italians in East Africa repairing an armoured car


message 19: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Gondar sector, during the East African campaign - I.S.O. Playfair - Chapter 16, Playfair, I.S.O. (1956). The Mediterranean and Middle East: "The Germans come to the Help of their Ally" (1941). HISTORY OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR. II. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.


message 20: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Ethiopian men gather in Addis Ababa, heavily armed with captured Italian weapons, to hear the proclamation announcing the return to the capital of the Emperor Haile Selassie in May 1941


message 21: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Haile Selassie (seated), with Brigadier Daniel Arthur Sandford (left) and Colonel Wingate (right) in Dambacha Fort, after its capture, 15 April 1941


message 22: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 20, 2020 10:01AM) (new)

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Hobok Fort in Abyssinia captured by South African 1st Infantry Division, February 1941 - Government Photographer - South African War Museum as published in: Klein, Harry Lt-Col (1946). Springbok Record. Johannesburg: White House. Publication was 63 years ago. In South Africa, copyright prescribes 50 years after publication.


message 23: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Mega Fort in Ethiopia prior to the attack by the South African 1st Infantry Division - South African Military Museum: Source: Klein, Harry Lt-Col (1946). Springbok Record. Johannesburg. White House. This photo was published 63 years ago - In South Africa, copyright prescribes after 50 years!


message 24: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Map of Eritrea showing the ports of Massawa and Assab


message 25: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Italian ship Ramb I sinking, 1941


message 26: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Topographic map of Somalia showing ports and inland


message 27: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Map showing the journey of Belgium's expeditionary force from Leopoldville to Saio during the East African Campaign of World War II - Map showing journey of Belgian forces from the Congo to Ethiopia


message 28: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Force Publique soldiers leaving the Congo to participate in the East African campaign


message 29: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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1941 propaganda poster calling on Italians to avenge the defeat in East Africa


message 30: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

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Rape of Ethiopia

The Rape of Ethiopia 1936 (Ballantine's Illustrated History of the Violent Century Politics in Action #4) by A.J. Barker by A.J. Barker (no photo)

Synopsis:

The League of Nations "noted" and "deplored" the act of fascist aggression, while the bombers sprayed mustard gas and fighters machine-gunned the fleeing survivors of the Ethiopian army. This is their story.


message 31: by Jerome, Assisting Moderator - Upcoming Books and Releases (new)

Jerome | 4310 comments Mod
The First Victory: The Second World War and the East Africa Campaign

The First Victory The Second World War and the East Africa Campaign by Andrew Stewart by Andrew Stewart (no photo)

Synopsis:

Surprisingly neglected in accounts of Allied wartime triumphs, in 1941 British and Commonwealth forces completed a stunning and important victory in East Africa against an overwhelmingly superior Italian opponent. A hastily formed British-led force, never larger than 70,000 strong, advanced along two fronts to defeat nearly 300,000 Italian and colonial troops. This compelling book draws on an array of previously unseen documents to provide both a detailed campaign history and a fresh appreciation of the first significant Allied success of the war.

Andrew Stewart investigates such topics as Britain’s African wartime strategy; how the fighting forces were assembled (most from British colonies, none from the U.S.); General Archibald Wavell’s command abilities and his difficult relationship with Winston Churchill; the resolute Italian defense at Keren, one of the entire war’s most bitterly fought battles; the legacy of the campaign in East Africa; and much more.


message 32: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44200 comments Mod
Thank you so much Jerome for your add for the new thread.


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