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NORTH AMERICA (US/CANADA/ETC.) > ALEUTIAN ISLANDS (MOST BELONG TO ALASKA)

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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 12, 2020 10:08PM) (new)

Bentley | 44168 comments Mod
This is a thread dedicated to the history, well known people and events associated with the the territory of the Aleutian Islands (most belong to Alaska and were also known as the Catherine Archipelago).

They comprise five groups (east to west) which are made up of the Fox Islands and Rat Islands, Islands of Four Mountains, Andreanof Islands and Near Islands.

You may add books that take place in this territory, are about this territory, have a scene that takes place in this territory or have events where this territory is mentioned.

This thread focuses on the following:

Aleutian Islands (belonging to the US and considered part of Alaska

* The Fox Islands
* Islands of Four Mountains
* Andreanof Islands
* Rat Islands, and
* Near Islands

There is no self promotion on the History Book Club.

Note:
Russian Aleutians is organized as Aleutsky District in Kamchatka Krai.

It comprises:
- Commander Islands -
* Bering Island
* Medny Island
* Sea Lion Rock
* Sea Otter Rocks
* Tufted Puffin Rock (Kamen Toporkov or Ostrov Toporkov)
* Kamen Ariy

These islands will be added to the Russia folder.


message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 13, 2020 01:56PM) (new)

Bentley | 44168 comments Mod
The Aleutian Islands Campaign: The History of Japan’s Invasion of Alaska during World War II

The Aleutian Islands Campaign The History of Japan’s Invasion of Alaska during World War II by Charles River Editors by Charles River Editors Charles River Editors

Synopsis:

*Includes pictures
*Includes accounts of the campaign written by soldiers on both sides
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

“It was United States territory. That's something you don't do. You don't come over and grab some of our land. So we had to take it back regardless of strategy. We couldn't just let them sit there. “ - Admiral Robert L. Dennison, USN (Perras, 2003, 189)

Fought over bitterly cold flecks of rock and tundra scattered across the remote waters marking the boundary between the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean, the Aleutian Islands campaign represented one of the strangest encounters of World War II. Curving southwestward from the southwest coast of Alaska like the tail of a stingray, the rugged, volcanic Aleutians belong to both the United States and Russia. The westernmost island, Attu, lies much closer to Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula than to Alaska; the distance to Anchorage, Alaska measures approximately 2,000 miles.

The moral impact of the Doolittle Raid in response to Pearl Harbor far outweighed the relatively minor material damage it inflicted; Japan lost face and the faith of its people in ultimate victory declined sharply. Americans responded with delight and a fresh upsurge of hope. Despite interrogating the eight American aircrew they captured (and butchering tens of thousands of Chinese civilians in reprisal for assisting the rest in their escape), the Japanese leadership remained divided in their opinions about the bombers' origin.

Many believed that the Americans had indeed devised a method of launching such large aircraft from an ordinary aircraft carrier. Many others, however, insisted the B-25s came from a land base, and only the Aleutians lay within a medium bomber's operational range. In any case, Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku planned a move against Midway. Attacking the Aleutians provided an excellent diversion, in his opinion, permitting him time to take Midway and organize land-based strike aircraft there. He could then take his carriers to annihilate America's Pacific Fleet, caught between the Aleutian Islands and Midway.

Due to the belief that the Aleutian Islands might support the airfields from which the Doolittle bombers launched, Navy Order Eighteen from Imperial general HQ included a section decreeing “the invasion and occupation of the western Aleutians... in order to prevent enemy forces from attacking the homeland” (Garfield, 1978, 7).

In the event, the secondary operation to the Aleutian Islands proved more successful than the main thrust at Midway Island. In a triumph of cryptanalytic skill and poker-player daring, codebreaker Joseph Rochefort and his team at “Hypo” cracked Japanese messages proving the main effort aimed at Midway. The U.S. Navy intercepted Yamamoto's fleet at Midway and smashed its carriers in one of the most decisive actions of the Pacific Theater on June 3rd to 7th, 1942.

The Aleutians invasion, on the other hand, gave Japan a foothold on American territory that required almost a year to dislodge. In the end, however, by one of the ironies of war, the Japanese attempt to prevent land-based bombers from striking at Japan from the Aleutians backfired. Once the U.S. Army finally evicted the IJA from the islands, the Americans built considerably larger airfields there, from which regular sorties struck the Japanese-held Kurile Islands and shipping along the northern Japanese coast.

The Aleutian Islands Campaign: The History of Japan’s Invasion of Alaska during World War II chronicles one of the most famous and unique campaigns in the Pacific. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Japanese invasion of the Aleutian Islands like never before, in no time at all.


message 3: by Jerome, Assisting Moderator - Upcoming Books and Releases (new)

Jerome | 4292 comments Mod
The Thousand-Mile War: World War II in Alaska and the Aleutians

The Thousand-Mile War World War II in Alaska and the Aleutians by Brian Garfield by Brian Garfield Brian Garfield

Synopsis:

The Thousand-Mile War, a powerful story of the battles of the United States and Japan on the bitter rim of the North Pacific, has been acclaimed as one of the great accounts of World War II. Brian Garfield, a novelist and screenwriter whose works have sold some 20 million copies, was searching for a new subject when he came upon the story of this "forgotten war" in Alaska. He found the history of the brave men who had served in the Aleutians so compelling and so little known that he wrote the first full-length history of the Aleutian campaign, and the book remains a favorite among Alaskans.

The war in the Aleutians was fought in some of the worst climatic conditions on earth for men, ships, and airplanes. The sea was rough, the islands craggy and unwelcoming, and enemy number one was always the weather--the savage wind, fog, and rain of the Aleutian chain. The fog seemed to reach even into the minds of the military commanders on both sides, as they directed men into situations that so often had tragic results. Frustrating, befuddling, and still the subject of debate, the Aleutian campaign nevertheless marked an important turn of the war in favor of the United States.

Now, half a century after the war ended, more of the fog has been lifted. In the updated University of Alaska Press edition, Garfield supplements his original account, which was drawn from statistics, personal interviews, letters, and diaries, with more recently declassified photographs and many more illustrations.


message 4: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44168 comments Mod
Thank you for the add on this thread as well Jerome.


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