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Jan 15, 2020 11:59AM
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Metaphrast - a person who translates or changes a literary work from one form to another, as prose into verse.
from Medieval Greek metaphrastēs translator
Symeon the Metaphrast 10th century byzantine Still greater divergences of opinion have existed as to the lives of saints coming from his pen, and here again the solution of the problem has been attained by studying the composition of the great Greek menologies. The Menalogion of Metaphrastes is a collection of lives of saints for the twelve months of the year, easily recognizable among analogous collections, and consisting of about 150 distinct pieces, some of which are taken from older collections, while others have been added later Among other works attributed (though with some uncertainty) to Symeon are a Chronicle, a canonical collection, some letters and poems, and other writings of less importance. Symeon's great popularity is due more particularly to his Menologion.
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Plump – British usage - to vote exclusively for one candidate in an election, instead of distributing or splitting one's votes among a number.
Robert Burton –1600s English scholar Anatomy of Melancholy
Michel de Montaigne 1500s French popularized essay writing
Thomas Browne 1600s English Vulgar Errors
Francois Rabelais 1400s French Carnivalesque Gargantua and Pantagruel
Sesamoid [ses-uh-moid] - shaped like a sesame seed, as certain small nodular bones and cartilages.
Italian in it - compared to wine, wine tasting
Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was an early North African Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius in north Africa and is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. Believing that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, he helped formulate the doctrine of original sin and made seminal contributions to the development of just war theory. For Augustine, proper love exercises a denial of selfish pleasure and the subjugation of corporeal desire to God. The only way to avoid evil caused by sexual intercourse is to take the "better" way (Confessions 8.2) and abstain from marriage (On marriage and concupiscence 1.31). Sex within marriage is not, however, for Augustine a sin -Augustine was a strong advocate of critical thinking skills. Because written works were still rather limited during this time, spoken communication of knowledge was very important. Augustine believed that students should be given an opportunity to apply learned theories to practical experience. Yet another of Augustine's major contributions to education is his study on the styles of teaching. He claimed there are two basic styles a teacher uses when speaking to the students. The mixed style includes complex and sometimes showy language to help students see the beautiful artistry of the subject they are studying. The grand style is not quite as elegant as the mixed style, but is exciting and heartfelt, with the purpose of igniting the same passion in the students' hearts. Augustine balanced his teaching philosophy with the traditional bible-based practice of strict discipline.
Eruditam voluptam (typo or play on words or older texts had different version of Latin) voluptuously erudite conjugation
Erudita voluptatem is Latin for “the pleasure of learning”
Oxen in same yoke - A yoke is a wooden beam normally used between a pair of oxen
Gibeonites – Gibeon ancient city The Gibeonites were a group of people, descended from the Amorites (2 Samuel 21:2). They are described in Joshua 9 as people who deceived the Israelites in order to protect themselves According to the Bible, the Israelites were commanded to destroy all inhabitants of Canaan. The Gibeonites presented themselves as ambassadors from a distant, powerful land. Without consulting God (Joshua 9:14), Israel entered into a covenant or peace treaty with the Gibeonites. The Israelites soon found out that the Gibeonites were actually their neighbours, living within three days walk of them (Joshua 9:17) and Joshua then realised that he had been deceived; however, he kept the letter of his covenant with the Gibeonites to let them live in exchange for their servitude, deciding to have them assigned as woodcutters and water-carriers and condemning (cursing) them to work forever in these trades
Homeric – Homer – heroic dimensions
Norman (French normandy) Anglo norman period Anglo-Norman literature is literature composed in the Anglo-Norman language developed during the period 1066–1204 when the Duchy of Normandy and England were united in the Anglo-Norman realm. The Norman language came over to England with William the Conqueror. Following the Norman conquest, the Norman language became the language of England's nobility. During the whole of the 12th century the Anglo-Norman language (the variety of Norman used in England) shared with Latin the distinction of being the literary language of England, and it was in use at the court until the 14th century. It was not until the reign of Henry IV 1300s that English became the native tongue of the kings of England. Epics, romances Tristan and Iseult, fables, A fabliau (plural fabliaux) is a comic, often anonymous tale written by jongleurs in northeast France between ca. 1150 and 1400. They are generally characterized by sexual and scatological obscenity,
Tempus tacendi – (SEW TIME) A STICH IN TIME (SAVES NINE) A little effort expended sooner to fix a small problem prevents it from becoming a larger problem requiring more effort to fix later.
Pinchfist – person who hordes money
Blink - to ignore deliberately; evade; shirk.
Fract – break
Scumble - to soften (the color or tone of a painted area) by overlaying parts with opaque or semiopaque color applied thinly and lightly with an almost dry brush.
Wainscoting - wood, especially oak and usually in the form of paneling, for lining interior walls.
Slubber the gloss - To do hastily, imperfectly, or sloppily. To daub; to stain; to cover carelessly. Othello Shakespeare You must therefore be content to slubber the gloss of your new fortunes with this more stubborn and boist'rous expedition. - Duke asking Othello to put down his wedding plans
Steam frills – iron clothes
Lexical – words, vocabulary of language - lexicon = dictionary
Pushkin’s gambler - Alexander Pushkin – Russian poet novelists early 1800s
Supernatural short story - Queen of Spades - Hermann, an ethnic German, is an officer of the engineers in the Imperial Russian Army. He constantly watches the other officers gamble, but never plays himself. One night, Tomsky tells a story about his grandmother, an elderly countess. Many years ago, in France, she lost a fortune at cards, and then won it back with the secret of the three winning cards, which she learned from the notorious Count of St. Germain. Hermann becomes obsessed with obtaining the secret. Tracks her, butters up thru letters, accosts asking for secret, holds pistol to old woman’s head, she dies of fright. At funeral, her corpse winks at him, her ghosts later haunts him, demanding he marry girl he seduced to get access to her. Ghost tells him the card secret, he wins, but says queen of spade instead of ace and the queen card winks at him. He goes mad, the girls marries someone else, he’s in an asylum, saying the trick over and over, ace. PUSHKIN BIO - He drank like a frat boy, treated and spoke of women as whores, alternately rebelled against and toadied to the tsar, reduced his family to penury by addictive gambling, and typically allowed his usually dirty fingernails to grow long and claw-like. Once he arrived at a formal dinner "wearing muslin trousers, transparent, without any underwear." He could be utterly thoughtless of others' feelings but was himself "morbidly sensitive to . . . appearing comic" and quickly roused to anger, jealousy and spite. Though he could be courageous and witty, and though he valued honor above all, it's no exaggeration to say that Pushkin all too often conducted himself like a lout and a vulgarian.
Periphrastic - roundabout periphrastic euphemism A more serious instance of written language's failure to express appropriate selfhood is Mr Micawber's flood of purposeless words. The novel is speckled not only with his periphrastic and spendthrift conversation, but also with various examples of his epistolary art in which he appears to live by similarly uneconomic rules
Wilkins Micawber character from Charles Dickens’s 1850 novel, David Copperfield. (WC FIELDS IN MOVIE) He was modelled on Dickens' father, John Dickens, who like Micawber was incarcerated in debtors' prison after failing to meet his creditors' demands. strations for the first edition, Micawber is shown wearing knee-breeches, a top hat, and a monocle. Micawber is known for asserting his faith that "something will turn up". His name has become synonymous with someone who lives in hopeful expectation. This has formed the basis for the Micawber Principle, based upon his observation: "Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure nineteen pounds nineteen and six, result happiness. Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure twenty pounds nought and six, result misery." - (Chapter 12)
Dionysius Thrax -2nd century BC Hellenistic grammarian Greek – Art of Grammar – greek grammar – first grammar book on western language – sought to translate Homer
Aphasia the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain.
Monoglot – knowing only one language
Crochet – (Kroch-it) an odd fancy or whimsical notion. 2. a hooklike device or part. Entomology. a small, hooklike process. Music. Chiefly British. a quarter note.
Mt. Hecklebirg – from Robert Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy - that fearful mount Hecklebirg in Norway, (souls of the dead)""where lamentable screeches and howlings are continually heard, which strike a terror to the auditors
Rusticated (to stay in the country rustic) to suspend from university
Micawber and Cicero – Cicero exiles Micawber debtor’s prison
Like Cicero 1-2nd century BC Roman politician lawyer writer – master of Latin prose – owned villa with slaves- defended a farmer - exiled from Rome - bared his neck to his killers -
Newman – William Lambert Newman- British Scholar 1800s The Politics of Aristotle
Aristotle’s (greek philosopher BC) magnanimous man (high-minded, humble, not petty, deserving great honors)
Diapason - a full, rich outpouring of melodious sound the compass of a voice or instrument -a fixed standard of pitch.
Verbiage – overabundance of words
Smith in the novel – Blacksmith in Great Expectations, assistant tries to fight Pip?
Laterally – to the side
Nowts – cattle, herd of cattle, ox, nothing, Scottish british
Pneumatically – air gas or wind
Odysseus – homer – Achilles – homer - Aeneas – Virgil
Verbosa gaudet Venus loquella (Venus rejoices verbose speech) – VENUS REJOICES
Cyrano de Bergerac play 1897 Edmund Rostand neo-romantic anti-naturalistic – rhyming couplets – brave soldier very large nose doubts himself – using stand in to speak through to beloved
Neoterick british spelling – modern or new writer young amateur or new writing trend
Jan 15, 2020 12:01PM
part 2- Terentian commitment Terence – 100s bc roman playwright – was a slave- plain Latin – calling out authors – gossip domestic marriage dramas – clear prose - humanist “I am human, and I think nothing of which is human is alien to me.”
lytton strachey – Victorian late 1800s Eminent Victorians
John Calvin Genevan Switzerland Calvinism – protestant reformation – 1500s very strict
Woodcut – stocky bodied bird with long thin beak
Pierre Christophe Cardinal Theroux-Darconville – possibly real possible made up descendant (real but named spelled different, real info about his bloodline) of his family – Darconville is his autobiographical pseudonym in Darconville’s Cat, also a chapter on the cardinal
Carnelian - a red or reddish variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry.
Chat-ring pies – Sir Philip Sidney poem sonnet From Astrophel and Stella
Alcibiades - Greek general 400bc painting by Jean-Baptiste Regnault: Socrates dragging Alcibiades from the Embrace of Sensual Pleasure (1791) cock of the walk, handsome, left athens to fight for sparta, then beating athens, then fucking Spartan king’s daughter
Sir Philip Sidney – 1500s English poet An Apology for Poetry, influenced Shelley, sort of invented the word starfucker, died young
Red Hat - Cardinals wear red, closest advisors to the pope
Pius V – sainted pope 1500s - During a time of great moral laxity, he insisted on discipline, and strove to develop the practice of the monastic virtues. He fasted, did penance, passed long hours of the night in meditation and prayer, traveled on foot without a cloak in deep silence, or only speaking to his companions of the things of God. As his reformist zeal provoked resentment, he was compelled to return to Rome in 1550, where, after having been employed in several inquisitorial missions, he was elected to the commissariat of the Holy Office
My confusion if he means Mary, Queen of Scots or Bloody Mary the statement is ironic if bloody mary, or funnily meant, meant straight forward if the violated queen of scots
(Blood Mary Mary I – queen of England and Ireland 1500s She is best known for her aggressive and bloody attempt to reverse the English Reformation, which had begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII. Her pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland led to her denunciation as "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant opponents. – cut off from throne unfairly – took it by force a coupUnder the Heresy Acts, numerous Protestants were executed in the Marian persecutions.The burnings proved so unpopular that even Alfonso de Castro, one of Philip's own ecclesiastical staff, condemned them and another adviser, Simon Renard, warned him that such "cruel enforcement" could "cause a revolt".Mary persevered with the policy, which continued until her death and exacerbated anti-Catholic and anti-Spanish feeling among the English people.The victims of the persecutions became lauded as martyrs
Mary queen of scots – little later in 1500s younger than bloody mary – imprisoned, executed, Babington, fight for throne after Henry VIII religious damages
God bless Babington Anthony Babington (24 October 1561 – 20 September 1586) was an English nobleman convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I of England and conspiring with the imprisoned Mary, Queen of Scots. The "Babington Plot" and Mary's involvement in it were the basis of the treason charges against her which led to her execution.
1 eliz.c1 Act of Supremacy 1558It replaced the original Act of Supremacy 1534 issued by Elizabeth's father, Henry VIII, which arrogated ecclesiastical authority to the monarchy, and which had been repealed by Mary I.
Anticaesopapist In its extreme form, caesaropapism is a political theory in which the head of state, notably the emperor ("Caesar", by extension a "superior" king), is also the supreme head of the church (papa, pope or analogous religious leader).
Heresiarch həˈrēzēär ;the founder of a heresy or the leader of a heretical sect.
Carroty Bess – Finnegan’s Wake represented from birth the principle of revolt from Rome." B. Ross stands for any female in revolt against male authority
Thumbscrews The thumbscrew is a torture instrument which was first used in medieval Europe. It is a simple vice, sometimes with protruding studs on the interior surfaces. Victims' thumbs, fingers, or toes were placed in the vice and slowly crushed. The thumbscrew was also applied to crush prisoners' big toes.
Squassation A variant of the strappado in which the victim's ankles are also tied with heavy weights attached.
Wednusbury – no reference found in England near west midlands at source of river tames
Postulants - a candidate, especially one seeking admission into a religious order.
Yare - (of a ship) responding promptly to the helm; easily manageable. Or nimble, quick
Clinches – puns, play on words
Flashes - a sudden, brief outburst or display of joy, wit, etc. belonging to or connected with thieves, vagabonds, etc., or their cant or jargon. flash in the pan, a brief, intense effort that produces no really significant result.
Prick song - a piece of written vocal music vocal music sung from a copy (prick to mark out, notate)
Curatively – remedy / creative?
Chumbling – gnaw chew
Marchpane – marzipan a confection made of almonds reduced to a paste with sugar and often molded into various forms, usually diminutive fruits and vegetables.
John Lydgate of Bury (c. 1370 – c. 1451)was a monk and poet, born in Lidgate England.
Lydgate's poetic output is prodigious, amounting, at a conservative count, to about 145,000 lines. He explored and established every major Chaucerian genre, except such as were manifestly unsuited to his profession, like the fabliau. In the Troy Book (30,117 lines), an amplified translation of the Trojan history of the thirteenth-century Latin writer Guido delle Colonne, commissioned by Prince Henry (later Henry V), he moved deliberately beyond Chaucer's Knight's Tale and his Troilus to provide a full-scale epic.
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516/1517 – 19 January 1547), KG, (courtesy title), an English nobleman, was one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry. He was a first cousin of both Queen Anne Boleyn and Queen Catherine Howard, second and fifth wives of King Henry VIII. between Middle ages and modern history
Gavotte – a medium paced French dance 18th century
Gerard Manley Hopkins SJ (28 July 1844 – 8 June 1889) was an English poet, Catholic and Jesuit priest, whose posthumous fame established him among the leading Victorian poets. His manipulation of prosody (particularly his invention of sprung rhythm (writing how one speaks) and use of imagery) established him as an innovative writer of verse. Two of his major themes were nature and religion.
Ululantes – Howl latin
Grundies – men’s underpants – or English tv producer in cockney slang
Sesquipedalian – characterized by long words, long winded
Edmund Spenser ( 1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language. He was deeply affected by Irish faerie mythology
Wharfinger - (pronounced wor-fin-jer) is an archaic term for a person who is the keeper or owner of a wharf. The wharfinger takes custody of and is responsible for goods delivered to the wharf, typically has an office on the wharf or dock, and is responsible for day-to-day activities including slipways, keeping tide tables and resolving disputes.The term is obsolescent; today a wharfinger is usually called a "harbourmaster".
VATICIDE - a person who murders a prophet. - the act of killing a prophet.
University of padua – old Italian university – 1200s top in world
Ciphers - a secret method of writing, as by transposition or substitution of letters, specially formed symbols, or the like. 7. writing done by such a method; a coded message.
Bolt - to pass (flour, a powder, etc) through a sieve 2. to examine and separate
Bull - Papal bull public decree issued by pope
chasuble (Christianity) a long sleeveless outer vestment worn by a priest when celebrating Mass
Albert Pighius (Pigghe) (born at Kampen, Overyssel, Netherlands, about 1490; died at Utrecht, 28 December 1542) was a Dutch Roman Catholic theologian, mathematician, and astronomer. Hierarchy of the Church’s Assertion
Demosthenes (/dɪˈmɒs.θəniːz/; Greek: Δημοσθένης Dēmosthénēs; Attic Greek: [dɛːmosˈtʰenɛːs]; 384 – 12 October 322 BC) was a Greek statesman and orator of ancient Athens. His orations constitute a significant expression of contemporary Athenian intellectual prowess and provide an insight into the politics and culture of ancient Greece during the 4th century BC.
Ebo - er to Otto's || missionary labours in Pomerania. Book I., which begins with an account of Otto's early days which I have here summarized, consists largely of a detailed account of the founding of St. Michael's monastery at Bamberg, and throws little light upon Otto's ...
Foolscap – size of paper
Mulled wine is a beverage usually made with red wine along with various mulling spices and sometimes raisins. It is served hot or warm
Hoggeral – doggerel - comic verse composed in irregular rhythm.verse or words that are badly written or expressed.the last stanza deteriorates into doggerel
Quonking - noise (as from conversation) that disturbs or disrupts a television or radio program because of its proximity to the microphones or cameras.
Crasslingual – his compound word crass language
..new elegance – He knows the grace of that new elegance…fetch’d of late from France Satire poem
Joseph Hall (1 July 1574 – 8 September 1656) was an English bishop, satirist and moralist. His contemporaries knew him as a devotional writer, and a high-profile controversialist of the early 1640s. In church politics, he tended in fact to a middle way.
Philisides from Sir Philip Sidney
Magna charta – the great charter – :a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 at Runnymede. 2 :a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges.
[coete)s Quoits – to throw quoits - Something thrown to a great distance to a certain point. He plays at quoits well. Shakesp. Henry IV.When he played at quoits, he was allowed his breeches and stockings. Arbuthnot and Pope.The discus of the ancients is sometimes called in English quoit, but improperly; the game of quoits is a game of skill; the discus was only a trial of strength, as among us to throw the hammer.
Carlyean vitalism – Thomas Carlyle (4 December 1795 – 5 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher.
Carlyle was among the first of his age to recognize that the death of God is in itself nothing to be happy about, unless man steps in and creates new values to replace the old. For Carlyle the hero should become the object of worship, the center of a new religion proclaiming humanity as "the miracle of miracles... the only divinity we can know." For Carlyle's creed Bentley proposes the name Heroic Vitalism, a term embracing both a political theory, Aristocratic Radicalism, and a metaphysic, Supernatural Naturalism. The Heroic Vitalists feared that the recent trends toward democracy would hand over power to the ill-bred, uneducated, and immoral, whereas their belief in a transcendent force in nature directing itself onward and upward gave some hope that this force would overrule in favor of the strong, intelligent, and noble.
Jan 15, 2020 12:03PM
Nietzsche agreed with much of Carlyle's hero worship, transferring many qualities of the hero to his concept of the superman. He believed that the hero should be revered, not for the good he has done for the people, but simply out of admiration for the marvelous. The hero justifies himself as a man chosen by destiny to be great. In the life struggle he is a conqueror, growing stronger through conflict. The hero is not ashamed of his strength; instead of the Christian virtues of meekness, humility and compassion, he abides by the beatitudes of Heroic Vitalism: courage, nobility, pride, and the right to rule. His slogan: "The good old rule, the simple plan, that he should keep who has the power, and he should take who can.”
For Carlyle, the hero was somewhat similar to Aristotle’s "Magnanimous" man – a person who flourished in the fullest sense. However, for Carlyle, unlike Aristotle, the world was filled with contradictions with which the hero had to deal. All heroes will be flawed. Their heroism lay in their creative energy in the face of these difficulties, not in their moral perfection. To sneer at such a person for their failings is the philosophy of those who seek comfort in the conventional. Carlyle called this 'valetism', from the expression 'no man is a hero to his valet.
Merd in a lanthorn – piece of dung in a lantern, “shit chest”
Expatiate - to enlarge in discourse or writing; be copious in description or discussion:
to expatiate upon a theme.2. Archaic. to move or wander about intellectually, imaginatively, etc., without restraint.
Pygarg - The pygarg (/ˈpaɪgɑːg/) is an animal mentioned in the Bible in Deuteronomy 14:5 as one of the animals permitted for food. The Septuagint translates the Hebrew dishon (דישון) as pygargos in Koiné Greek ("white-rumped", from pyge "buttocks" and argo "white
Contumely - insolent or insulting language or treatment."the church should not be exposed to gossip and contumely"
Philonoist - noun. nonce-word. A lover of knowledge. nonce word a word coined for one single occasion only.
Bo tree - Bodhi tree – Buddha attained enlightenment
Concomitant - a phenomenon that naturally accompanies or follows something.
Keats’s Negative Capability, “that is when man is capable of being in uncertainties, mysteries, doubts, without any irritable reaching after fact and reason.” -a phrase first used by Romantic poet John Keats in 1817 to characterise the capacity of the greatest writers (particularly Shakespeare) to pursue a vision of artistic beauty even when it leads them into intellectual confusion and uncertainty, as opposed to a preference for philosophical certainty over artistic beauty. The term has been used by poets and philosophers to describe the ability of the individual to perceive, think, and operate beyond any presupposition of a predetermined capacity of the human being Keats English early 1800s truth beauty
Cosmogener – cosmogeny is any model concerning the origin of either the cosmos or universe. or of reality itself
Shunt – shove abacus - calculator
Baruch Spinoza – Dutch 1600s philosopher- argues for the unity of Nature and God. Since God is the same thing as Nature, in effect, the mind and the body are two aspects of the same thing. He believes that all that exists is one substance and the mental and the physical are different attributes of that substance
Baso – old spelling Batholith is a large mass of intrusive igneous rock
Eruct – belch forth
Huguenot - a member of the Reformed or Calvinistic communion of France in the 16th and 17th centuries; a French Protestant.
Square-thumbed - Potter's thumb, bohemian thumb, royal thumb, trolls thumb, murderer's thumb, hitchhiker's thumb, dinosaur thumb, toe thumb, “Down syndrome thumb”, hammer thumb, or money-counter's thumb, are historically colloquial names likely associated with the genetic trait known as brachydactyly type D or BDD.  BDD is the classification of a skeletal formation found in one or both hands marked by an abnormally short and round thumb with an accompanying short and wide nail bed
scambling. 1 obsolete : brawling, quarrelsome. 2 : carelessly done : makeshift, shoddy. 3 : irregularly spread out : scattered, rambling. a town scambling in all directions.
Concelebrate - officiate jointly at (a Mass)."to concelebrate a Mass with other priests"
The parasang is a historical Iranian unit of itinerant distance, the length of which varied according to terrain and speed of travel. The European equivalent is the league The parasang may have originally been some fraction of the distance an infantryman could march in some predefined period of time Mid-5th-century BCE Herodotus (v.53) speaks of [an army traveling the equivalent of five parasangs per day.
Archistrategy - general approaches to solving a communicative problem
Drible (sp) – dutch engineer 1600s first submarine
Superfluitance – floating above or on the surface
enleaved – leaves grown on – play on words? Fertility fuck plant
twiggers – fornicator
monsieur de crepitu – play on words? Decrepitude Mr shits more than necessary
prelatical - of, relating to, constituting, or resembling a prelate or prelacy. 2 often disparaging : adhering to prelacy : episcopal. High bishop
grain de beaute – beauty spot
swowns – swoon
lachrymal – connected to weeping or tears
eftsoones - obsolete or archaic way of saying "soon afterward
Fiddle in the nick – nick – go in the corner and play with yourself – conductor’s pit worst players off to side – corner of tennis court floor and wall
Pea and thimble - The shell game (also known as thimblerig, three shells and a pea, the old army game) is portrayed as a gambling game, but in reality, when a wager for money is made, it is almost always a confidence trick used to perpetrate fraud.
Fefnicute – hypocrite
Mammon - wealth regarded as an evil influence or false object of worship and devotion. It was taken by medieval writers as the name of the devil of covetousness, and revived in this sense by Milton.
Legerdemain - skillful use of one's hands when performing conjuring tricks.
Guilder - a gold or silver coin formerly used in the Netherlands, Germany, and Austria.
Valois - Marlowe play Massacre at Paris - They stabbe him.
GUISE. Oh I have my death wound, give me leave to speak.
Then pray to God, and aske forgivenes of the King.
GUISE. Trouble me not, I neare offended him,
Nor will I aske forgivenes of the King.
Oh that I have not power to stay my life,
Nor immortalitie to be reveng'd:
To dye by Pesantes, what a greefe is this?
Ah Sextus, be reveng'd upon the King,
Philip and Parma, I am slaine for you:
Pope excommunicate, Philip depose,
The wicked branch of curst Valois's line.
Vive la messe, perish Hugonets,
Thus Caesar did goe foorth, and thus he dies.
Pharisees - The Bible describes the Pharisees as a community or sect of "separatists" that were known for their self-righteous religion and pride.
Saint Monica - also known as Monica of Hippo, was an early Christian saint and the mother of St. Augustine of Hippo. She is remembered and honored in most Christian denominations, albeit on different feast days, for her outstanding Christian virtues, particularly the suffering caused by her husband's adultery, and her prayerful life dedicated to the reformation of her son, who wrote extensively of her pious acts and life with her in his Confessions. Popular Christian legends recall Saint Monica weeping every night for her son Augustine.
Isocrates (436–338 BC), an ancient Greek rhetorician, was one of the ten Attic orators. Among the most influential Greek rhetoricians of his time, Isocrates made many contributions to rhetoric and education through his teaching and written works.
Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus (3rd century BC–aft. 183 BC) was a Roman general and statesman
Paradigm – touchstone
exercitant. Noun. (religion) one who practices spiritual exercises, especially those of Ignatius of Loyola.
scripturient. obsolete. : having a strong urge to write.
Miller – grind grain- one of oldest jobs hunter gathers had millers
Philoscriblerian - alexander pope reference loving to write
The Sacred Fount is a novel by Henry James, first published in 1901. This strange, often baffling book concerns an unnamed narrator who attempts to discover the truth about the love lives of his fellow guests at a weekend party in the English countryside. Early critics treated the novel with blank incomprehension or near-contempt. Rebecca West issued one her wittiest sneers when she wrote: the narrator "spends more intellectual force than Kant can have used on The Critique of Pure Reason in an unsuccessful attempt to discover whether there exists between certain of his fellow-guests a relationship not more interesting among these vacuous people than it is among sparrows
Passel - a large group of people or things of indeterminate number; a pack.
Argus Panoptes (or Argos) is a many-eyed giant in Greek mythology. The figure is known for having spawned the saying "the eyes of Argus", as in to be "followed by", "trailed by", "watched by", et cetera the eyes; the saying is used to describe being subject to strict scrutiny in one's actions to an invasive, distressing degree.
Bradshaw's was a series of railway timetables and travel guide books published
Pippin - seed
Bap – bread roll
Oxo – tiny cubed meat or spice compressed
Kipling Royal We - Sestina of the Tramp-Royal - What do it matter where or ’ow we die,
So long as we’ve our ’ealth to watch it all—
Mrs. Dales Diary – first serialized bbc radio show
Shove ha'penny (or shove halfpenny), also known in ancestral form as shoffe-grote ['shove-groat' in Modern English, slype groat ['slip groat'], and slide-thrift, is a pub game in the shuffleboard family, played predominantly in the United Kingdom. Two players or teams compete against one another using coins or discs on a tabletop board.
Thrupenny – three bits
Pulp mag silver star
Red letter – woman’s magazine
Tit-Bits from all the interesting Books, Periodicals, and Newspapers of the World, more commonly known as Tit-Bits, was a British weekly magazine founded by an early father of popular journalism George Newnes on 22 October 1881. including works by authors such as Rider Haggard and Isaac Asimov, plus three very early stories by Christopher Priest.The first humorous article by P. G. Wodehouse, "Men Who Missed Their Own Weddings", appeared in Tit-Bits in November 1900. During the first world war Ivor Novello won a Titbits competition to write a song soldiers could sing at the front: he penned Keep the Home Fires Burning. Pin-ups appeared on the magazine's covers from 1939 and by 1955 circulation peaked at
Whist is a classic English trick-taking card game which was widely played in the 18th and 19th centuries. Although the rules are simple, there is scope for scientific play.
Numbat – Australian ant eater
Nene bird – hawiian bird
Runcible spoon – Edward lear nonsense word a spork
Sextus Empiricus (160 – c. 210 AD, n.b., dates uncertain), was a physician and philosopher, and has been variously reported to have lived in Alexandria, Rome, or Athens. His philosophical work is the most complete surviving account of ancient Greek and Roman Pyrrhonism. In his medical work, as reflected by his name, tradition maintains that he belonged to the empiric school, in which Pyrrhonism was popular. However, at least twice in his writings, Sextus seems to place himself closer to the methodic school. He may be the same person as Sextus of Chaeronea.
Sextus Empiricus raised concerns which applied to all types of knowledge. He doubted the validity of induction long before its best known critic David Hume, and raised the regress argument against all forms of reasoning:
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Those who claim for themselves to judge the truth are bound to possess a criterion of truth. This criterion, then, either is without a judge's approval or has been approved. But if it is without approval, whence comes it that it is truthworthy? For no matter of dispute is to be trusted without judging. And, if it has been approved, that which approves it, in turn, either has been approved or has not been approved, and so on ad infinitum.
Because of these and other barriers to acquiring true beliefs, Sextus Empiricus advises that we should suspend judgment about virtually all beliefs; that is to say, we should neither affirm any belief as true nor deny any belief as false. This view is known as Pyrrhonian skepticism, as distinguished from Academic skepticism, as practiced by Carneades, which, according to Sextus, denies knowledge altogether. Sextus did not deny the possibility of knowledge. He criticizes the Academic skeptic's claim that nothing is knowable as being an affirmative belief. Instead, Sextus advocates simply giving up belief; in other words, suspending judgment about whether or not anything is knowable. Only by suspending judgment can we attain a state of ataraxia (roughly, 'peace of mind'). Sextus did not think such a general suspension of judgment to be impractical, since we may live without any beliefs, acting by habit.
Sextus allowed that we might affirm claims about our experience (e.g., reports about our feelings or sensations). That is, for some claim X that I feel or perceive, it could be true to say "it seems to me now that X." However, he pointed out that this does not imply any objective knowledge of external reality. Though I might know that the honey I eat at a certain moment tastes sweet to me, this is merely a subjective judgment, and as such may not tell me anything true about the honey itself.
Interpretations of Sextus's philosophy along the above lines have been advocated by scholars such as Myles Burnyeat, Jonathan Barnes, and Benson Mates.
Michael Frede, however, defends a different interpretation, according to which Sextus does allow beliefs, so long as they are not derived by reason, philosophy or speculation; a skeptic may, for example, accept common opinions in the skeptic's society. The important difference between the skeptic and the dogmatist is that the skeptic does not hold his beliefs as a result of rigorous philosophical investigation. In Against the Ethicists, Sextus in fact directly says that "the Skeptic does not conduct his life according to philosophical theory (so far as regards this he is inactive), but as regards the non-philosophical regulation of life he is capable of desiring some things and avoiding others." (XI, 165). Thus, on this interpretation (and as per Sextus' own words), the skeptic may well entertain the belief that God does or does not exist or that virtue is good. But he will not believe that such claims are true on the basis of reasons since, as far as the skeptic is aware, no reason for assenting to such claims has yet been shown to be "any more" credible than the reasons for their denial. (XIX)
It must also be remembered that by "dogma" Sextus means "assent to something non-evident [ἄδηλος, adēlos]" (PH I, 16). And by "non-evident" he means things which lie beyond appearances (and thus beyond proof or disproof), such as the existence and/or nature of causality, time, motion, or even proof itself. Thus, the skeptic will, for example, believe the proposition that "Dion is in the room" if sense-data and ordinary reasoning led to the emergence of such a belief. On the other hand, if he were to "strongly" assert that Dion was "really" in the room, then he may be met with opposing arguments of equal psychological force against the self-same proposition and experience mental disquietude as a result. Thus, the Pyrrhonian does not assent to the proposition "Dion is in the room" in a dogmatic way as that would purport to describe a non-evident reality which lies beyond the "appearance" [φαινόμενον, phainomenon] of Dion being in the room. The Skeptic simply goes along with the appearance just as "a child is persuaded by...his teacher." (PH I, 229). It is for this reason then that Sextus says the Skeptic lives undogmatically in accordance with appearances and also according to a "fourfold regimine of life" which includes the guidance of nature, compulsion of pathe (feelings), laws and customs, and instruction in arts and crafts. The Skeptic follows this course of life while suspending judgment concerning the ultimate truth of the non-evident matters debated in philosophy and the sciences (PH I, 17). Thus, the Pyrrhonian Skeptic is one who believes possibly many things, but yet does not dogmatize about those beliefs since he finds no ultimate justification for them. Thus, the Pyrrhonian achieves ataraxia not by casting certain judgments about appearances but rather through his refined ability to "oppose appearances to judgments" such that he is "brought firstly to a state of mental suspense and next to a state of 'unperturbedness' or 'quietude.'" (IV, 8)
Because of the high degree of similarity between the surviving works of Sextus Empiricus and those of the Buddhist philosopher, Nagarjuna Thomas McEvilley suspects that Nagarjuna and Sextus Empiricus were referencing some of the same earlier Pyrrhonist texts in developing their works.
The ten modes of Pyrrhonism
Pyrrhonism is more a mental attitude or therapy than a theory. It involves setting things in opposition and owing to the equipollence of the objects and reasons, one suspends judgement. "We oppose either appearances to appearances or objects of thought to objects of thought or alternando." The ten modes induce suspension of judgement and in turn a state of mental suspense followed by ataraxia. If ever one is in a position in which they are unable to refute a theory, Pyrrhonists reply "Just as, before the birth of the founder of the School to which you belong, the theory it holds was not as yet apparent as a sound theory, although it was really in existence, so likewise it is possible that the opposite theory to that which you now propound is already really existent, though not yet apparent to us, so that we ought not as yet to yield assent to this theory which at the moment seems to be valid." These ten modes or tropes were originally listed by Aenesidemus.
1. "The same impressions are not produced by the same objects owing to the differences in animals."
2. The same impressions are not produced by the same objects owing to the differences among human beings.
3. The same impressions are not produced by the same objects owing to the differences among the senses.
4. Owing to the "circumstances, conditions or dispositions," the same objects appear different. The same temperature, as established by instrument, feels very different after an extended period of cold winter weather (it feels warm) than after mild weather in the autumn (it feels cold). Time appears slow when young and fast as aging proceeds. Honey tastes sweet to most but bitter to someone with jaundice. A person with influenza will feel cold and shiver even though she is hot with a fever.
5. "Based on positions, distances, and locations; for owing to each of these the same objects appear different." The same tower appears rectangular at close distance and round from far away. The moon looks like a perfect sphere to the human eye, yet cratered from the view of a telescope.
6. “We deduce that since no object strikes us entirely by itself, but along with something else, it may perhaps be possible to say what the mixture compounded out of the external object and the thing perceived with it is like, but we would not be able to say what the external object is like by itself."
7. "Based, as we said, on the quantity and constitution of the underlying objects, meaning generally by "constitution" the manner of composition." So, for example, goat horn appears black when intact and appears white when ground up. Snow appears white when frozen and translucent as a liquid.
8. "Since all things appear relative, we will suspend judgement about what things exist absolutely and really existent. Do things which exist "differentially" as opposed to those things that have a distinct existence of their own, differ from relative things or not? If they do not differ, then they too are relative; but if they differ, then, since everything which differs is relative to something..., things which exist absolutely are relative."
9. "Based on constancy or rarity of occurrence." The sun is more amazing than a comet, but because we see and feel the warmth of the sun daily and the comet rarely, the latter commands our attention.
10. "There is a Tenth Mode, which is mainly concerned with Ethics, being based on rules of conduct, habits, laws, legendary beliefs, and dogmatic conceptions."
Superordinate to these ten modes stand three other modes:
• I: that based on the subject who judges (modes 1, 2, 3 & 4).
• II: that based on the object judged (modes 7 & 10).
• III: that based on both subject who judges and object judged (modes 5, 6, 8 & 9)
Superordinate to these three modes is the mode of relation.
The Methodic school emphasized the treatment of diseases rather than the history of the individual patient. According to the Methodists, medicine is no more than a “knowledge of manifest generalities” (gnōsis phainomenōn koinotēnōn). In other words, medicine was no more than the awareness of general, recurring features that manifest in a tangible way. While Methodist views on medicine are slightly more complex than this, the above generalization was meant to apply to not only medicine, but to any art. Methodists conceive of medicine as a true art, in contrast to Empiricists or Dogmatists
The Dogmatic school held that it was necessary to be acquainted with the hidden causes of diseases, as well as the more evident causes, and to know how the natural actions and different functions of the human body take place, which necessarily assumes a knowledge of the interior parts.
The Empiric school said that it was necessary to understand the evident causes of disease, but considered the inquiry after the hidden causes and natural actions to be fruitless, because Nature is incomprehensible. That these things cannot be understood appears from the controversies among philosophers and physicians, and in the way in which the methods of practice differed from place to place, one method being used in Rome, another in Egypt, and another in Gaul. Often too, the causes are evident; as in a wound, and if the evident cause does not suggest a method of curing, then much less so other obscure methods. This being the case, it is much better to seek relief from things certain and tried; that is, from remedies as learned from experience.
Olduvai Gorge, or Oldupai Gorge, in Tanzania is one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world; it has proven invaluable in furthering understanding of early human evolution.
Bicameral having two branches, chambers, or houses, as a legislative body.
Cheltenham /ˈtʃɛltnəm/, also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a regency spa town and borough which is located on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England.
Boanthropy is a psychological disorder in which the sufferer believes he or she is a cow or ox. The most famous sufferer of this condition was King Nebuchadnezzar, who in the Book of Daniel “was driven from men and did eat grass as oxen Blake painting
Midway balloon – carnival game of popping balloons with darts for prizes
Gormless – senseless dolt british
The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza, is a small self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea,
Aleppo Syrian city – jewish population
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Glucose and water - water soluble sugar – dissolves immediately
St. john’s word – gospel
Corvo – Frederick rolfe
Whitebait is a collective term for the immature fry of fish typically between 1 and 2 inches (25 and 50 mm) long. Such young fish often travel together in schools along the coast, and move into estuaries and sometimes up rivers where they can be easily caught with fine meshed fishing nets. Whitebaiting is the activity of catching whitebait.
Whitebait are tender and edible, and can be regarded as a delicacy. The entire fish is eaten including head, fins, bones, and guts. Some species make better eating than others, and the particular species that are marketed as "whitebait" varies in different parts of the world.
Buck passing – pass the buck - shift the responsibility for something to someone else.
Fleshapoidal - Sins of the fleshapoids – underground film 66 influenced john waters - One million years in the future, human beings have created a race of human-looking androids called Fleshapoids to fulfill their every desire. As a result, humans have become selfish and lazy as they no longer need to work or do anything to take care of themselves.
Gresham’s law - In economics, Gresham's law is a monetary principle stating that "bad money drives out good". For example, if there are two forms of commodity money in circulation, which are accepted by law as having similar face value, the more valuable commodity will gradually disappear from circulation Thomas Gresham
Scala sancta - The Scala Sancta (English: Holy Stairs, Italian: Scala Santa) are a set of 28 white marble steps that are Roman Catholic relics located in an edifice on extraterritorial property of the Holy See in Rome, Italy proximate to the Archbasilica of St. John in Laterano. Officially, the edifice is titled the Pontifical Sanctuary of the Holy Stairs (Pontificio Santuario della Scala Santa). The Holy Stairs, which long ago were encased in a protective framework of wooden steps, are in an edifice that incorporates part of the old, Papal Lateran Palace. The Holy Stairs lead to the Church of St. Lawrence in Palatio ad Sancta Sanctorum (Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Palatio ad Sancta Sanctorum) or simply the "Sancta Sanctorum" (English: Holy of Holies), which was the personal chapel of the early Popes. According to Roman Catholic tradition, the Holy Stairs are the steps leading up to the praetorium of Pontius Pilate in Jerusalem on which Jesus Christ stepped on his way to trial during his Passion. The Stairs reputedly were brought to Rome by St. Helena in the fourth century. For centuries, the Scala Sancta has attracted Christian pilgrims who wish to honor the Passion of Jesus Christ. Martin Luther climbed these steps on his knees in 1510. As he did so, he repeated the Our Father on each step. It was said, by doing this work one could "redeem a soul from purgatory." But when Luther arrived at the top he could not suppress his doubt, "Who knows whether this is true?" Charles Dickens, after visiting the Scala Sancta in 1845, wrote: "I never, in my life, saw anything at once so ridiculous and so unpleasant as this sight." He described the scene of pilgrims ascending the staircase on their knees as a "dangerous reliance on outward observances".
Colophon - a publisher's or printer's distinctive emblem, used as an identifying device on its books and other works. 2 an inscription at the end of a book or manuscript, used especially in the 15th and 16th centuries, giving the title or subject of the work, its author, the name of the printer or publisher, and the date and place of publication.
• wakefulness maintained for any reason during the normal hours for sleeping.
• a watch or a period of watchful attention maintained at night or at other times: The nurse kept her vigil at the bedside of the dying man.
• a period of wakefulness from inability to sleep
Pliny (elder younger) Pompeii kept watch
Reichenbach Falls are a waterfall cascade of seven steps on the creek called Rychenbach in the Bernese Oberland region of Switzerland
The Roman poet Horace mentioned Falernian wine in one of his poems
When things are troublesome, always remember,
keep an even mind, and in prosperity
be careful of too much happiness
the shaking of the sheets, the doleful dance of death, plague song, dance with death personified, get over death, sex
ferrule a ring or cap, typically a metal one, that strengthens the end of a handle, stick, or tube and prevents it from splitting or wearing.a metal band strengthening or forming a joint.
Accidence: the part of grammar that deals with the inflections of words.
Spaewife female fortuneteller
Trug A Sussex trug is a wooden basket. It is made from a handle and rim of coppiced sweet chestnut wood carrying garden flowers
Giglots – a strumpet, giddy, inconstant, wanton
Traipse – tramp
Croshabell – strumpet prostitute
Array – impressive display
Fleuves – rivers
Obiter dicta - a judge's incidental expression of opinion, not essential to the decision and not establishing precedent.an incidental remark.
Arcadia (Greek: Αρκάδια) refers to a vision of pastoralism and harmony with nature. The term is derived from the Greek province of the same name which dates to antiquity; the province's mountainous topography and sparse population of pastoralists later caused the word Arcadia to develop into a poetic byword for an idyllic vision of unspoiled wilderness. Arcadia is a poetic shaped space associated with bountiful natural splendor and harmony.
Vellum – parchment
Pinion – outer part of the bird’s wing
Girolamo Fracastoro (Latin: Hieronymus Fracastorius; c. 1476/8 – 6 August 1553) was an Italian physician, poet, and scholar in mathematics, geography and astronomy. Fracastoro subscribed to the philosophy of atomism, and rejected appeals to hidden causes in scientific investigation.
Colly Cibber - vain actor writer 1700s bad writer letter to alexander pope
Bumph bumf - Extra periphery crap, surplus to requirements useless or tedious printed information or documents.
Di colpo – suddenly, all of a sudden
Plexiform - having the form of a network of nerves or vessels in the body
Basenji – hunting dog
Suasoria is an exercise in rhetoric; a form of declamation in which the student makes a speech which is the soliloquy of an historical figure debating how to proceed at a critical junction in their life
A controversia is an exercise in rhetoric; a form of declamation in which the student speaks for one side in a notional legal case such as treason or poisoning. The facts of the matter and relevant law are presented in a persuasive manner, in the style of a legal counsel.
Moil- move around in confusion or agitation.
Chyle - A digestive fluid containing fatty droplets, found in the small intestine.
Chylopoetic – the production of chyle
chylopoieticscrubbing-brush may appear, it afterwards got a place among surgical instruments, and is described as the Executor Ventriculi, ...
Anacreon (/əˈnækriən/; Greek: Ἀνακρέων ὁ Τήϊος; c. 582 – c. 485 BC) was a Greek lyric poet, notable for his drinking songs and hymns.
Livery - a distinctive uniform, badge, or device formerly provided by someone of rank or title for his retainers, as in time of war. a uniform worn by servants.
gib-cat (plural gib-cats) (obsolete) A male cat, especially an old or castrated one.
Book by Julius ceasare - The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns waged by the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes. Rome's war against the Gallic tribes lasted from 58 BC to 50 BC and culminated in the decisive Battle of Alesia in 52 BC, in which a complete Roman victory resulted in the expansion of the Roman Republic over the whole of Gaul (
Eheu – latin for Alas
The Regina Cæli or Regina Cœli ("Queen of Heaven", pronounced [reˈdʒina ˈtʃeli] in Ecclesiastical Latin) is an ancient Latin Marian Hymn of the Christian Church. It is one of the four seasonal Marian antiphons of the Blessed Virgin Mary, prescribed to be sung or recited in the Liturgy of the Hours at the conclusion of the last of the hours to be prayed in common that day, typically night prayer (Compline or Vespers). Any one of these four or of other suitable antiphons may now be sung at any time of the liturgical year. The Regina Coeli is sung or recited in place of the Angelus during the Easter season, from Easter Sunday until Pentecost.
Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (c. 35 – c. 100 AD) was a Roman educator and rhetorician from Hispania, widely referred to in medieval schools of rhetoric and in Renaissance writing. In English translation, he is usually referred to as Quintilian (/kwɪnˈtɪliən/), although the alternate spellings of Quintillian and Quinctilian are occasionally seen, the latter in older texts.
Ordo – order of the mass
breviary - a book containing the service for each day, to be recited by those in orders in the Roman Catholic Church.
Psalters – copy of book of psalms for liturgical use
Os magna senatorum - mouth of the senate
Gamachuing – oral sex cunninlingus
Merdivorous - British. (mɜːˈdɪvərəs) adjective. (of an insect) feeding on dung.
Embonpoint - the plump or fleshy part of a person's body, in particular a woman's bosom.
Terriblia meditans – awesome thinking in latin
Quillet - A quibble, an evasive distinction.
Per acria belli – the sourness of war (in latin)
Per angusta ad augusta – by difficulties to
Per accidens – by accident
Jerkin – light coat leather for men
Pittikins - . Pity. In asseverative (emphatic) phrases, as "Ods pittikins", etc.
Shrog - heraldry) The branch of a tree, especially one used as a blazon in Scotland crab apple withered
Dingle - A small, narrow or enclosed, usually wooded valley
Checkerwork - Work consisting of or showing checkers, varied alternately by colour or material.
(figuratively) Any aggregate of varied vicissitudes.
How strange a checkerwork of Providence is the life of man. — De Foe.
Ad literam, ad rem, to the letter, literal memory in latin
Adolescetum – lead with modesty, modesty is fitting
Plautus Titus Maccius Plautus (/ˈplɔːtəs/; c. 254 – 184 BC), commonly known as Plautus, was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period. His comedies are the earliest Latin literary works to have survived in their entirety. He wrote Palliata comoedia, the genre devised by the innovator of Latin literature, Livius Andronicus. The word Plautine /ˈplɔːtaɪn/ refers to both Plautus's own works and works similar to or influenced by his.
Theocritus (/θiːˈɒkrɪtəs/; Greek: Θεόκριτος, Theokritos; fl. c. 270 BC), the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC. – Why pursue the thing that shuns thee
Banausic - not operating on a refined or elevated level; mundane.
Francis Quarles (about 8 May 1592 – 8 September 1644) was an English poet most famous for his emblem book aptly entitled Emblems.
Charles Lamb: essayist
Maulkin, malkin, A (stereotypical name for a) lower-class or uncultured woman; a kitchenmaid; a slattern.
Mildred, given name, courtly, Madge, the vulva, or female given name
Exigencies – urgent need
Cornet, similar to trumpet
Eunuch herald – messenger, underling, castrated
Tranche – portion, cut subdivision, financial
Spousebreach – adultery
Dekulakization (Russian: раскулачивание, raskulachivanie; Ukrainian: розкуркулення, rozkurkulennia) was the Soviet campaign of political repressions, including arrests, deportations, and executions of millions of prosperous peasants and their families in the 1929–1932 period of the first five-year plan.
O lamentibili, regrettable
Locus molesti – botheration, bothers location
Prink – primp
Apropositional - In philosophy, a proposition is a tentative and conjectural relationship between constructs that is stated in a declarative form.
Shandean – Tristam shandy
Shaker bedroom – separate beds
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Sallust – was a Roman historian, politician, and novus homo from an Italian plebeian family.
Hoopoes – colorful bird crown of feathers
Resumptio – resumption
Scholiize - A scholar who writes commentary on the works of an author, especially one of the ancient commentators on classical authors
Pleiadette- play on the star cluster
Rapheal - elegant mannerism
Tintoretto – bold mannerist quick style
Ancient mother - A mother goddess is a goddess who represents, or is a personification of nature, motherhood, fertility, creation, destruction or who embodies the bounty of the Earth. When equated with the Earth or the natural world, such goddesses are sometimes referred to as Mother Earth or as the Earth Mother.
Dink – fool, working couple, no kids
Peat reek – Scottish moonshine
Mouldwarp - noun. archaic, dialect. A mole (animal). 'A 'mouldwarp', for example, is a mole, which was often used as a symbol for Richard III.'
Howbeit - nevertheless
Quode vide - which see; used to reference material mentioned in text.
Funge – fungus, fool or simpleton
Feuilletonist - part of a French newspaper devoted to light literature and criticism (usually at the bottom of a page and separated by a rule), 1845, from French feuilleton (18c.), literally "a leaflet (added to a newspaper)," diminutive of feuille "leaf," from Latin folium (see folio).
Boeotian – region of Greece, ignorant, dull
Pauperized – make a pauper of
Out-figaro’d – dressing in a disguise of a lower class to see if love interest still cares about him
The Barber of Seville
Whammy – popularize by comic strip lil’abner, evil hex, a setback
Pedileps - each of the second pair of appendages attached to the cephalothorax of most arachnids. They are variously specialized as pincers in scorpions, sensory organs in spiders, and locomotory organs in horseshoe crabs.
Egress – action of leaving a place
Gubbins – fish pairings or refuse scraps, gadgetry, foolish
Jampot collars – Balzac human comedy, high collar, cassock
Victrolas – jukebox record player
Nun’s fiddle – trianglur medieval stringed instrument
Winegum – candy
Stephen Duck (c. 1705 – 21 March 1756) was an English poet whose career reflected both the Augustan era's interest in "naturals" (natural geniuses) and its resistance to classlessness (Pope mocked, considered terrible rhymer)
Dipsomaniac – drunk
Vole and Pea – british food restaurant, Peter Cook comedy sketch
Amphilochius of Iconium was a Christian bishop of the fourth century, son of a Cappadocian family of distinction, born, perhaps at Caesarea, ca. 339/340, died probably 394–403. His father was an eminent lawyer, and his mother Livia remarkable for gentleness and wisdom. He is venerated as a saint on Nov
A googolplex is the number 10googol, or equivalently, 10(10100). Written out in ordinary decimal notation, it is 1 followed by 10100 zeroes, that is, a 1 followed by a googol zeroes.
In pectore (Latin for "in the breast/heart") is a term used in the Catholic Church for an action, decision, or document which is meant to be kept secret. It is most often used when there is a papal appointment to the College of Cardinals without a public announcement of the name of that cardinal. The pope reserves that name to himself.
Bolus - a small rounded mass of a substance, especially of chewed food at the moment of swallowing. a type of large pill used in veterinary medicine.
Gens de midi – midday people, French, lower class
Chrysostomic – golden-tongued, epitaph, John Chrysostom, archbishop in 400ad
Amontillado – a medium dry cherry
Cupolas - a small dome, especially a small dome on a drum on top of a larger dome, adorning a roof or ceiling. a gun turret; a small domed hatch above a gun turret on some tanks. a cylindrical furnace for refining metals, with openings at the bottom for blowing in air and originally with a dome leading to a chimney above.
Truileirs – royal Paris palace demolished 1500s-1800s
Exsequies – funeral rites
Nolens volens – willing or unwilling, willy-nilly
Midden is an old dump for domestic waste
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