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Guess Who (by artist bio) > Guess who! ---Winslow Homer

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message 1: by Heather, Moderator (new)

Heather | 8271 comments "______________'s works, particularly those on marine subjects, are among the most powerful and expressive of late 19th-century American art. His mastery of sketching and watercolour lends to his oil paintings the invigorating spontaneity of direct observation from nature. His subjects, often deceptively simple on the surface, dealt in their most-serious moments with the theme of human struggle within an indifferent universe.

________________ enjoyed a happy country childhood. His artistic inclinations were encouraged by his mother, an amateur painter.

When he was 19, he was apprenticed to a lithographic firm...At first most of his work involved copying the designs of other artists, but within a few years he was submitting his own drawings for publication in such periodicals.

With the outbreak of the American Civil War, ____________ made drawings at the front, but, unlike most artist-correspondents, he dealt more often with views of everyday camp life than with scenes of battle.

Although influenced by French naturalism, Japanese prints, and contemporary fashion illustration, his work after his return to America did not change markedly, except that his palette was generally somewhat brighter.

In 1873 _________ began to work in watercolour, which allowed him to make rapid, fresh observations of nature. In that demanding medium, he explored and resolved new artistic problems...

____________ matured slowly as an artist, but his development was constant. With the passage of years his oil paintings became larger, his figures more solitary, his concern for naturalistic detail greater. He painted many women, increasingly as single figures, intimate, withdrawn, feminine. Greater concern for atmospheric effects and reflected light added complexity to the images but at the same time enabled him to achieve greater pictorial unity.

Although _________ received some recognition during his early years, he had not had any real success by mid-career. By 1880 he began to show signs of increasingly antisocial behaviour, deliberately shunning the company of other people. In 1881 he unexpectedly went to England, where he spent about two years sketching and painting in Cullercoats, a remote fishing port on the North Sea. There, at age 45, his period of greatest artistic growth began. He was intrigued by the life of the hardy fisherfolk of Cullercoats, who struggled against the sea to earn their livelihood, but he did not paint that struggle directly. He depicted instead the robust and courageous women of the town, who mended the nets, kept house, and waited for their men to return from the sea. The English coastal atmosphere posed a new and difficult artistic challenge, but ____________ mastered the diffused light, limited in colour but infinitely varied in tone, in a series of subtle watercolours.

After __________’s return to America in 1883, the sea became the dominant theme in his work. During the next few years, ____________’s interest shifted from the edge of the sea to the sea itself.

While _________’s fishermen and their women are heroic in their confrontations with the physical world, the artist occasionally took a more-jaundiced view of his fellow humans.

_____________, ever more crusty and isolated in his old age, continued to paint vigorously and adventurously through the first decade of the 20th century. Similar in subject matter to his earlier work, although with more emphasis on pure seascape, his late paintings, in their unconventional composition and brilliant colour, reflect increasing concern with the abstract and expressive possibilities of art."

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message 2: by Connie (new)

Connie G (connie_g) | 360 comments Winslow Homer?

message 3: by Heather, Moderator (new)

Heather | 8271 comments Dang, lady! Not even half hour after I post that you got it! Way to go! Good job, Connie!

message 4: by Connie (new)

Connie G (connie_g) | 360 comments He's a favorite, Heather.

message 5: by Heather, Moderator (new)

Heather | 8271 comments Nice! I have 6 magnets on my fridge of 6 of his paintings. Love them!

message 6: by Connie (new)

Connie G (connie_g) | 360 comments My in-laws had a reproduction of one of his marine paintings hanging over their fireplace. I always loved it.

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