[21.25] Zeus’ tough-hearted son, who killed him,Guest though he was, without any regard For the gods’ wrath or the table they had shared. . .
“Eurymachus, men who gobble up[21.350] The house of a prince cannot expectTo have a good reputation anywhere.So there isn’t any point in bringing up honor.
“You dogs! You thought I would neverCome home from Troy. So you wasted my house,[22.40] Forced the women to sleep with you,And while I was still alive you courted my wifeWithout any fear of the gods in high heavenOr of any retribution from the world of men.
[22.465] When you have set the whole house in order,Take the women outside between the round houseAnd the courtyard fence. Slash them with swordsUntil they have forgotten their secret lovemakingWith the suitors. Then finish them off.”
The tradition that Penelope was the mother of Pan by Hermes (Mercury) is mentioned by Cicero (De natura deorum, iii. 22. 56). According to Duris, the Samian, Penelope was the mother of Pan by all the suitors (Tzetzes, Schol. on Lycophron, 772). The same story is mentioned also by Servius (on Virgil, Aen. ii. 44), who says that Penelope was supposed to have given birth to Pan during her husband's absence, and that when Ulysses came home and found the monstrous infant in the house, he fled and set out afresh on his wanderings. . . .The suspicion that Penelope was unfaithful to her husband has no support in Homer.
[22.430] When EurycleiaSaw all the corpses and the pools of blood,She lifted her head to cry out in triumph—But Odysseus stopped her cold,Reining her in with these words:[22.435] “Rejoice in your heart, but do not cry aloud.It is unholy to gloat over the slain. These menHave been destroyed by divine destinyAnd their own recklessness. They honored no one,Rich or poor, high or low, who came to them.[22.440] And so by their folly they have brought upon themselves.An ugly fate.
melancholy (n.)c. 1300, "condition characterized by sullenness, gloom, irritability," from Old French melancolie "black bile, ill disposition, anger, annoyance" (13c.), from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholia "sadness," literally (excess of) "black bile," from melas (genitive melanos) "black" (see melanin) + khole "bile" (see cholera). Medieval physiology attributed depression to excess of "black bile," a secretion of the spleen and one of the body's four "humors." From https://www.etymonline.com/word/melan...
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