the conception of a more fortunate existence after death was widespread before Homer. Belief in a realm of Hades was complemented by an alternative land of the blessed, usually an island located at the edges of the earth, where kings and other favored individuals enjoyed a happy eternitythe Aethiopis grants Achilles a blessed immortalitythe Odyssey places him exactly where the Iliad leads us to expect him, in the underworld.
the eschatology of the Iliad may be eccentric in comparison to that of the Odyssey and Aethiopis
within the cycle as a whole it should not be surprising if two poems appear to differ in their presentation and exploitation of eschatological options [...]the crucial issue is simply whether a poem does or does not know of alternatives to Hades. It is clear that the Odyssey, the Aethiopis, the Cypria, and the Telegony do. It remains uncertain whether the Ilias Parva, Iliou Persis, or Nostoi are aware of such alternatives
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