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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited May 12, 2020 09:45AM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
This is the thread dedicated to Canada.

You may add books that take place in Canada, are about Canada, have a scene that takes place in Canada or have events where Canada is mentioned. There is no self promotion on the History Book Club.

Canada (Canadian French: [kanadɑ]) is a country in the northern part of North America.

Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.

Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border.

Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast.

As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces.

This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.

It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

A developed country, Canada has the fifteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index.

Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks.

Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7 (formerly G8), the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

Remainder of article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada

Source: Wikipedia

Location:



Flag:




message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Coat of Arms:



Coat of arms of Canada.

The present design of the arms of Canada was drawn by Mrs. Cathy Bursey-Sabourin, Fraser Herald at the Canadian Heraldic Authority, office of the Governor General of Canada, and faithfully depicts the arms described in the words of the Royal Proclamation dated November 21, 1921. The present design was approved in 1994.

Source: Wikipedia


message 3: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 02:31PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Motto:



A Mari Usque Ad Mare

A Mari Usque Ad Mare (English: From Sea to Sea; French: D'un océan à l'autre [ˈd͡zʏn͜ ˈɔse.an͜ ˈa ˈlou̯tʁ]; Latin: A Marī Ūsque Ad Mare [ˈa maˈriː ˈuːsqᶣɛ ˈad ˈmarɛ]) is the Canadian national motto. The phrase comes from the Latin Vulgate translation of Psalm 72:8 in the Bible:

"Et dominabitur a mari usque ad mare, et a flumine usque ad terminos terrae"

(King James Bible: "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth").

Remainder of article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Mari_...

Source: Wikipedia


message 4: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 02:36PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Canadian Anthem:

O Canada is the national anthem of Canada. This video is a beautiful photo journey across the country, with a very nice vocal performance.

Link: https://youtu.be/kRPGPAnPNa8

Lyrics:

O Canada! Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide O Canada,
we stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

Remainder of article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O_Canada

Source: Wikipedia and Youtube


message 5: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 02:43PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Royal Anthem - God Save the Queen:

Link to video: https://youtu.be/MBP6YJt2aVs

Lyrics:

God Save the Queen
God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen;
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us,
God save the Queen.
Oh Lord our God arise,
Scatter our enemies,
And make them fall
Confound their politics
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On Thee our hopes we fix
Oh save us all.
Thy choicest gifts in store
On her be pleased to pour;
Long may she reign;
May she defend our laws
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice
God save the Queen.
Our loved Dominion bless
With peace and happiness
From shore to shore;
And let our Empire be
United, loyal, free,
True to herself and Thee
For ever more.

Remainder of article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God_Sav...


message 6: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 02:55PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Facts:

Capital
Ottawa
45°24′N 75°40′W

Largest city
Toronto

Official languages
English
French

Ethnic groups (2016)
74.3% European
14.5% Asian
5.1% Indigenous
3.4% Caribbean and Latin American
2.9% African
0.2% Oceanian

Religion (2011)
Roman Catholicism (38.7%)
Other Christian[2] (28.5%)
Islam (3.2%)
Hinduism (1.5%)
Sikhism (1.4%)
Buddhism (1.1%)
Judaism (1.0%)
Other religions (0.6%)
Non-religious (23.9%)

Demonym(s)
Canadian

Government
Federal parliamentary
Constitutional monarchy

• Monarch
Elizabeth II

• Governor General
Julie Payette

• Prime Minister
Justin Trudeau

Legislature
Parliament

• Upper house
Senate

• Lower house
House of Commons

Independence from the United Kingdom
• Confederation
July 1, 1867

• Statute of Westminster
December 11, 1931

• Patriation
April 17, 1982

Area
• Total area
9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nd)

• Water (%)
8.92

• Total land area
9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)

Population
• Q4 2018 estimate
37,242,571[5] (38th)

• 2016 census
35,151,728[6]

• Density
3.92/km2 (10.2/sq mi) (228th)

GDP (PPP) - 2019 estimate
• Total
1.930 trillion[7] (15th)

• Per capita
$51,546[7] (20th)

GDP (nominal)
• Total
$1.820 trillion[7] (10th)

• Per capita
$48,601[7] (15th)

Gini (2015)
Negative increase 31.8[8]
medium

HDI (2017)
Increase 0.926[9]
very high · 12th

Currency
Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)

Time zone
UTC−3.5 to −8

• Summer (DST)
UTC−2.5 to −7

Date format
mm-dd-yyyy
dd-mm-yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd(AD)

Driving side
right

Calling code
+1

ISO 3166 code
CA

Internet TLD
.ca


message 7: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Canada: An Illustrated History

Canada An Illustrated History by Derek Hayes by Derek Hayes (no photo)

Synopsis:

Combining his talents as a geographer, historian, and writer to superb effect, Derek Hayes, author of gorgeous, landmark historical atlases of the North Pacific Ocean and British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest, has produced a beautifully illustrated and wonderfully written history of Canada.

Canada: An Illustrated History is one of those rare general histories that manages to present critical historical scholarship in vibrant colour. Hayes's narrative traces Canada's development from contact with the First Nations, through the clash of the French and British Empires and the rebellions, to the building of the nation through the political events of the 19th and 20th centuries.

The method is traditional, but the opinions offered are critical and based on sound historical research. For example, the successful British general Geoffrey Amherst, a hero in older texts, is here "ruthless but brilliant," and his war crimes are fully exposed. Similarly, Hayes tackles controversial issues with a refreshing no-nonsense approach.

The contentious saga of Louis Riel is explained plainly in the terms of hard political realities without reference to emotional rhetoric or cultural agendas. To flesh out his narrative, Hayes employs social and cultural sidebars to explore facets of Canadian history that exist outside of the political framework of the narrative: the origin of the name Canada, biographical profiles, Canadian inventions, and the like all serve to bring the story to life.

The illustrations deserve special mention. The well-chosen maps, documents, photographs, paintings, and engravings make this a volume to treasure. This is a book to read on Sunday afternoon sprawled out on the living room carpet, and every Canadian family should have a copy. --William Newbigging

Review:

Jam-packed with information and lavishly illustrated with period maps, drawings and photographs,Canada is a great introduction to the true north strong and free. Hayes has compiled 12 chapters in chronological order starting with Canada’s indigenous peoples before the Europeans arrived, early French and English settlements, opening up the West, Confederation and as we get closer to the modern age, the politics of nation building. Each chapter is bisected with sub-headings making for an easy read. No dry tome this, we’re a feisty bunch. The book is full of battles from those pesky Fenians to Canada’s contribution in men and materiel in both World Wars. The book is peppered with curious little tidbits such as a water bath punishment for colonial miscreants “more humane than flogging” the newspaper of the day proudly proclaimed. It wasn’t. We are a diverse, tolerant and caring nation, the book concludes, pointing to the week Atlantic Canada took in hundreds of air travellers stranded after 9/11. -- Great Canadian Bucket List


message 8: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Alone Against the North

Alone Against the North An Expedition into the Unknown by Adam Shoalts by Adam Shoalts (no photo_

Synopsis:

Armchair adventurers will love this first-person account of Adam Shoalt’s 107 kilometer paddle along Ontario’s Again River to Quebec’s James Bay. Shoalt is a fearless adventurer, often called Canada`s Indiana Jones, accustomed to hacking trails through the Amazon or snowshoeing north of Lake Huron. In 2008 he and his buddy Brent Kozuh set out by canoe to navigate this previously unexplored waterway. His buddy dropped out along the way but Shoalt forged ahead battling flies, mosquitoes and bears. He discovered five waterfalls the hard way, by going over one of them, nearly drowning and damaging his boat. Ouch. No problem. He kicked the hull back into shape and covered the holes with duct tape. “People are getting soft these days,” he laments. Yes indeed if Shoalt is the guy setting the pace. Alone paints a picture the Hudson Bay Lowlands, its topography, its flora and fauna but most of all, Alone is a rip-roaring yarn as well. -- Great Canadian Bucket List


message 9: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Souvenir of Canada

Souvenir of Canada by Douglas Coupland by Douglas Coupland Douglas Coupland

Synopsis:

Coupland is a celebrated writer, artist and commentator on modern life and his take on famous Canadian icons doesn’t disappoint. His book is a series of short one-page essays arranged alphabetically from Baffin Island to Zed (that’s zed not zee), dealing with a range of items including stubby beer bottles, ookpik (a toy owl made out of sealskin) and codeine pills. Volume Two picks up where Volume One left off with commentary on such Canadianisms as Terry Fox, tree planters and guns and ammo. Guns and ammo? Coupland grew up around guns. And the T. Eaton catalogue for those that remember the late, great department store. He also addresses weightier topics such as the FLQ crisis of 1970, marijuana grow ops and our relationship with the United States. The book is illustrated with over one hundred drawings and photographs, many from Coupland himself. Wry and sardonic, Souvenir is a loving portrait of the country and its quirks. “Canadian winters are long,” he says. Life is hard and so is ice.” Amen. -- The Great Canadian Bucket List


message 10: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
An Inconvenient Indian

The Inconvenient Indian A Curious Account of Native People in North America by Thomas King by Thomas King Thomas King

Synopsis:

Noted historian Thomas King has a bone to pick with contemporary society. “Whites want land,” he says in his book An Inconvenient Indian, and it is this concept of land as a commodity that has fueled decades of discrimination against the indigenous peoples of Canada and the United States. Witness Canada’s residential school debacle and Ontario’s “scooping up” aboriginal children and placing them with white foster parents in the 1960’s, all in the name of resettlement. He traces our relationship with aboriginal peoples to Hollywood stereotypes like the blood thirsty savage and the noble red man. But those pop culture clichés are bogus archetypes, he says, and the “inconvenience” of having to deal with real native issues, land claims and sovereignty, is here to stay. Not all is doom and gloom however. King offers solutions such as sovereignty and self-government. King is part Cherokee himself and his book, conversational in tone, is a personal look at aboriginal issues on both sides of the border.-- The Great Canadian Bucket List


message 11: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes by Pierre Berton by Pierre Berton Pierre Berton

Synopsis:

The five inland waterways that make up the Great Lakes provide approximately 35 million Canadians and Americans with both their livelihood and lifestyle, says historian Pierre Berton. Collectively, they represent the largest volume of fresh water in the world and their shores team with precious minerals, gold, silver, copper and iron ore. Berton documents the cast of players – early explorers, missionaries and the War of 1812 with British and American soldiers pummeling each other for control of the waterway. The industrialists followed, exploiting the riches and creating the cities, Sault Ste. Marie, Thunder Bay, Detroit and Chicago. Today, the Great Lakes are ailing. Industrial toxins and agricultural runoff have polluted the waters. Invasive species such as zebra mussels and sea lampreys are killing fish. Berton ends with a plea for conservation. The Lakes are historically, commercially and geographically important to central Canada and the northern United States. Is it time, dare I say it, to make the Great Lakes great again? -- The Great Canadian Bucket List


message 12: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 10:09PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
The Great Canadian Bucket List

The Great Canadian Bucket List One-of-a-Kind Travel Experiences by Robin Esrock by Robin Esrock Robin Esrock

Synopsis:

Bucket List is Robin Esrock’s breezy take on those weird and wonderful things to see and do in this vast country. There are adventure stories, people stories and food stories broken down by province or territory. “All these activities are do-able,” says Esrock and he should know; he’s done everything in the book himself from spending a night in an Ottawa jail (it’s really a hostel) to floating in Canada’s own Dead Sea, Little Lake Manitou, 116 kilometres southeast of Saskatoon. And he’s challenged himself. Kudos to the author for hiking up the Grouse Grind, 853 metres up the side of Vancouver’s Grouse Mountain and for munching down on prairie oysters aka bull testicles. Yum, yum. And then there’s helicoptering into the Rockies to take a yoga lesson atop Wedding Knoll. See? Something for everyone. Doing these things himself gives this hefty book (now in its second edition) credibility, and hopefully inspires the reader to experience Canada in all its glory before, you know, the Reaper gets you. -- The Great Canadian Bucket List


message 13: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Mar 04, 2019 01:56PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Canada on The Edge Nova Scotia -Bay of Fundy

https://youtu.be/Cqtddn7yGsA

Source: Youtube

More:

(no image) Away to Fundy Bay by Katherine McGlade Marko (no photo)
Young People Series

(no image) Tidal Life: A Natural History Of The Bay Of Fundy by Harry Thurston (no photo)

Bay of Fundy A Natural Portrait by Scott Leslie by Scott Leslie (no photo)


message 14: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 10:31PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Podcast:

Cool Canadian History

Listen: https://coolcanadianhistory.com

Note: They do advertise for hotel.com which is annoying and the podcaster is a little pedantic but very good information

Unsettling the Settler Within Indian Residential Schools, Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Canada by Paulette Regan by Paulette Regan (no photo)


message 15: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Feb 24, 2019 10:38PM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Newsarticle:

Canada a leader, but more must be done for women and girls in conflict zones: UN official


Mark Lowcock, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, speaks during a news conference at the European headquarters of the United Nations, in Geneva, Switzerland, on Dec. 4, 2018. SALVATORE DI NOLFI/THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

Remainder of article:
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canad...

Source; The Glove and the Mail

More:

Reflecting on Our Past and Embracing Our Future A Senate Initiative for Canada by Serge Joyal by Serge Joyal (no photo)


message 16: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
We are looking for folks who would like to be the world host for Canada and this thread. More than one person can be world hosts for the same country - preferably folks who are from Canada. Let us know.


message 17: by Cheryl (new)

Cheryl (cherylkinkaid) | 17 comments what's involved Bentley?


message 18: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Mar 16, 2019 11:53AM) (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
Everyone and also all of our Canadian members: Cheryl Kinkaid from Vancouver, BC, Canada is our new World Host for Canada.

Remember all of the group members who are from Canada can help her too and you also can be World Hosts. Just let us know.

Please welcome Cheryl.


message 19: by Cheryl (new)

Cheryl (cherylkinkaid) | 17 comments Thanks Bentley


message 20: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 44207 comments Mod
How to Be a Canadian

How to Be a Canadian by Will Ferguson by Will Ferguson Will Ferguson

Synopsis:

It isn’t always easy being Canadian, according to Will Ferguson, but it can be a lot of fun. Asked to write a follow-up to his runaway bestseller Why I Hate Canadians, Ferguson, who’s Canadian himself, recruited his brother Ian — comedy writer and executive producer of the Canadian series Sin City and a Canadian too — to create this ultimate guide to the country's cultural quirks. The result is a hilarious inside look at that unique species, the Canadian, and their thoughts on such diverse subjects as beer, sex, dating rituals, sports, politics, religion, social rules — and, of course, their trademark death-defying search for the middle of any road.


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