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Accomplices of Holocaust

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message 1: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 11:36AM) (new)

Héctor IBM and the Holocaust is the stunning story of IBM's strategic alliance with Nazi Germany -- beginning in 1933 in the first weeks that Hitler came to power and continuing well into World War II. As the Third Reich embarked upon its plan of conquest and genocide, IBM and its subsidiaries helped create enabling technologies, step-by-step, from the identification and cataloging programs of the 1930s to the selections of the 1940s. Only after Jews were identified -- a massive and complex task that Hitler wanted done immediately -- could they be targeted for efficient asset confiscation, ghettoization, deportation, enslaved labor, and, ultimately, annihilation. It was a cross-tabulation and organizational challenge so monumental, it called for a computer. Of course, in the 1930s no computer existed. But IBM's Hollerith punch card technology did exist. Aided by the company's custom-designed and constantly updated Hollerith systems, Hitler was able to automate his persecution of the Jews. Historians have always been amazed at the speed and accuracy with which the Nazis were able to identify and locate European Jewry. Until now, the pieces of this puzzle have never been fully assembled. The fact is, IBM technology was used to organize nearly everything in Germany and then Nazi Europe, from the identification of the Jews in censuses, registrations, and ancestral tracing programs to the running of railroads and organizing of concentration camp slave labor. IBM and its German subsidiary custom-designed complex solutions, one by one, anticipating the Reich's needs. They did not merely sell the machines and walk away. Instead, IBM leased these machines for high fees and became the sole source of the billions of punch cards Hitler needed. IBM and the Holocaust takes you through the carefully crafted corporate collusion with the Third Reich, as well as the structured deniability of oral agreements, undated letters, and the Geneva intermediaries -- all undertaken as the newspapers blazed with accounts of persecution and destruction. Just as compelling is the human drama of one of our century's greatest minds, IBM founder Thomas Watson, who cooperated with the Nazis for the sake of profit.
Only with IBM's technologic assistance was Hitler able to achieve the staggering numbers of the Holocaust. Edwin Black has now uncovered one of the last great mysteries of Germany's war against the Jews -- how did Hitler get the names?

Edwin Black, IBM and The Holocaust. Crown, 2001.
More information in:

message 2: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 11:36AM) (new)

Héctor About the support from key Wall Street financiers and other international bankers in subsidizing Hitler's rise to power, read: Antony C. Sutton, Wall Street And The Rise Of Hitler. Arlington House Publishers, New Rochelle, New York, 1976. Available online in:

message 3: by SYED (last edited Aug 25, 2016 11:37AM) (new)

SYED | 30 comments Mod



message 4: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 11:37AM) (new)

Héctor Thanks, Syed. I hope to follow...

message 5: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 11:37AM) (new)

Héctor The exact number of people assassinated during the Nazi regime has not been able to determine, although the following numbers are considered trustworthy:

Jews: 5.600.000 to 6.100.000
Slavics: 3.500.000 to 6.000.000
Soviet prisoners military: 2.500.000 to 4.000.000
Poles: 2.500.000 to 3.500.000
Political dissidents: 1.000.000 to 1.500.000
Gypsys: 200.000 to 800.000
Disables: 200.000 to 300.000
Homosexuals: 10.000 to 250.000
Witnesses of Jehovah: 2.000 to 5.000

Altogether the victims add a number of 20.000.000 (twenty million people).

More information in:

message 6: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 11:43AM) (new)

Héctor "U.S. Intelligence and the Nazis" (Cambridge University Press, 2005) is a direct result of the 1998 Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act. Drawing upon many documents declassified under this law, the authors demonstrate what US intelligence agencies learned about Nazi crimes during World War II and about the nature of Nazi intelligence agencies' role in the Holocaust. It examines how some U.S. corporations found ways to profit from Nazi Germany's expropriation of the property of German Jews. This book also reveals startling new details on the Cold War connections between the US government and Hitler's former officers. At a time when intelligence successes and failures are at the center of public discussion, U.S. Intelligence and the Nazis also provides an unprecedented inside look at how intelligence agencies function during war and peacetime.
• It is based on the unprecedented release of eight million pages of previously secret and top secret records of the OSS, CIA, FBI, NSA, US Army and other American agencies • It is packed with new information and analysis concerning the Nazi State, Nazi crimes, and the fate of Nazi war criminals following World War II, including their employment by the US government • It provides an inside look at the functioning of US intelligence agencies, their successes, and their failures - a timely issue indeed.

The authors:
Richard Breitman, American University
Norman J. W. Goda, Ohio University
Timothy Naftali, University of Virginia
Robert Wolfe, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
Available online in:

message 7: by Héctor (last edited Aug 25, 2016 01:32PM) (new)

Héctor A controversial book when originally published in Germany, The Nazi Census documents the origins of the census in modern Germany, along with the parallel development of machines that helped first collect data on Germans, then specifically on Jews and other minorities. Götz Aly and Karl Heinz Roth begin by examining the history of statistical technology in Germany, from the Hollerith machine in the 1890s through the development and licensing of IBM punch-card technology. Aly and Roth explain that census data was collected on non-Germans in order to satisfy the state's desire to track racial groups for alleged security reasons. Later this information led to disastrous results for those groups and others that were tracked in similar ways. Ultimately, as Götz Aly and Karl Heinz Roth point out in this short, rigorously researched book, the techniques the Nazis employed to track, gather information, and control populations initiated the modern system of citizen registration. Aly and Roth argue that what led to the devastating effects of the Nazi census was the ends to which they used their data, not their means. It is the employment of "normal" methods of collection that the authors examine historically as it applies to the Nazi regime, and also the way contemporary methods of classification and control still affect the modern world.

Götz Aly and Karl Heinz Roth, The Nazi Census. Identification and Control in the Third Reich. Temple University Press, 2004.

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