Will Byrnes's Reviews > Frozen in Time: An Epic Story of Survival and a Modern Quest for Lost Heroes of World War II

Frozen in Time by Mitchell Zuckoff
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's review
Apr 22, 2013

really liked it
bookshelves: american-history, brooklyn, military-and-intelligence-non-fic, non-fiction
Read from April 22 to 24, 2013

Winter is coming.

Mitchell Zuckoff seems to be making a habit of looking into the travails of crash victims. His prior book, Lost in Shangri-la , followed three survivors of a WW II era plane crash in New Guinea. They faced the usual sorts of dangers, a step back to the Paleolithic, and a diverse assortment of possible ways to die; cannibals, elements of an enemy army, all sorts of predatory and/or poisonous critters, microscopic invaders that could ruin your day, and help see that it is your last. The whole world was watching and cheering for their safe return.

Reversing his orientation a bit this time Zuckoff, in his latest WW II opus, Frozen in Time, has substituted brutal cold, and a particularly unwelcoming landscape for those other hazards. I’ll take the cannibals every time. (with a nice Chianti) In this instance, the whole world was unaware of the events until well after they had come to a conclusion. Upping his game, Zuckoff deals not with a single crash, but with several, in a cascade.

I suggest that if you have a choice between death by the fire of a predatory jungle or the ice of an arctic wasteland, you would do well to choose the former. You’d have a better chance of making it. At least you would not have to worry so much that the ground on which you were standing might open up and swallow you whole, that you might lose body parts to the relentless cold of Arctic winter, that you might lose your mind waiting to be brought home, while blizzard-driven snow seeps into your shelter. And of course there is always the danger of becoming a GI-sicle for a prowling polar bear. There are survivors of this experience who lived through 148 days worth of cold days in hell.

Douglas : C-53 : Skytrooper

There is a saying that bad things come in threes. It might have been nice if that had been the case in Greenland, in 1942. Greenland seems to have the same effect on powered vehicles as the Bermuda Triangle. There were at least a dozen crashes there in 1942. The trouble under scrutiny here began on November 5, when a military cargo plane, a C-53 Skytrooper, [above] the equivalent of a civilian DC-3 airliner, was returning to its base from Reykjavik after a “milk run” delivery of war materials. It was carrying a crew of five.
Shortly after the plane reached the southeast cost of Greenland, a location that defined the edge of nowhere, disaster struck: …the Skytrooper went down on the ice cap. By some accounts, the crash occurred when one of the plane’s two engines failed, but other reports were silent on why the C-53 experienced what the military called a “forced landing.” The official crash report declared the cause “unknown and no reason given in radio contacts.” A handwritten notation added, “100 percent undetermined.”
The air over Greenland was a busy locale in those days, with dozens of flights transporting men and materials to the war every day, then returning home to do it again. But Greenland is the largest non-continental island on Planet Earth so, even with a lot of planes searching, locating a downed aircraft was no simple task. Here are some comparisons:
California – 163,696 sq miles
Texas – 268,820 sq miles
Alaska – 663,696 sq miles
Greenland – 836,302 sq miles
In other words, big frackin’ haystack.

image shows on my blog, see bottom

On November 9 a B17F, a “Flying Fortress” redirected from its mission in Germany to participate in the search, ran into trouble
When they reached the end of Koge Bay fjord, [the crew] saw that everything outside was the same frightening shade of whitish gray. They couldn’t tell where the sky ended and the ice cap began…When the true horizon disappears in the Arctic haze, a pilot might as well be blind. Pilots fortunate enough to survive the phenomenon describe the experience as “flying in milk.”
Or, ironically, the exact opposite of a milk run. It did not end well, and nine more servicemen were unwillingly grounded.

image shows on my blog, see bottom

On November 29th, desperate to evacuate members of crews what had been stranded in an arctic wasteland for weeks, a pontooned Grumman seaplane know as a Duck, assigned to the Coast Guard ship Northland was making a second daring run, having already rescued some survivors.
It went back for more. But a storm blew in before the Duck could make it back to its base. The pilot was flying blind. The plane crashed into the ice. This is an image of the very plane, taking off. Not a lucky ducky.

image shows on my blog, see bottom

There is more, but these are the big three bits of awfulness of this tale.

Frozen in Time tells the stories of how the crash survivors fared, how the rescue operations were planned and how those worked out, or didn’t. These stories are both fascinating and chilling. There are many examples told of MacGyver-like creativity on the ground among the crash-ees, among the rescue teams and, decades later, in an expedition looking to bring ’em home. This last is a parallel tale that is given much less than half the book. Not all the men and not all the planes made it back in 1942. The author becomes involved with people who are looking to find and repatriate the remains of the crash victims who did not survive. There are a lot of personalities in play here and a fair bit of politicking. It is not as interesting as the core survival tale, but it is informative. A recovery mission does indeed take place, in 2012, and the author is a full participant in that.

It’s tough enough finding a 60+ year old wreck that stands still, (not counting myself) but in Greenland the ice sheet is a very large moving target. Drop a flag on point A and when you return it could be at Points E, Q or X. And then there is the accumulation of more than half a century’s worth of compacted snow.
Imagine searching for a diamond chip buried deep beneath a frozen football field; your best tool is a straw what makes tiny holes into the ground, through which you peer down to see what’s below; if your holes miss by even a little, you’ll miss it; and you have a brief window to explore ten potential locations before being kicked off the field.
The story of the attempt at recovering remains is certainly interesting. It is no surprise that there are sundry parties at Department of Defense meetings who offer a chilly reception to the contractor who was looking to undertake the mission. We get to be a fly on the wall for a few of these.

But the meat of the story is the tales of survival, how these men (all the crash-ees were men) contended with such a hostile environment, what they did to create livable living spaces, how they coped with hunger, as well as cold, and fear. Some fared better than others. It is a bit frightening to learn that a plane landing on a glacier is in danger of getting frozen to it, like a warm tongue to a frozen pipe. There are uplifting items as well in this dark tale. You will learn about the “Short Snorters Club,” if you are not already a member, and the purpose of a Snublebus. You will also expand your vocabulary a tad with some arctic terms.

You will learn as well, about the dedication of the military to bringing home every reachable service member, and about some of the after-effects of the stranding experience on those who made it out.
Spencer’s family knew him as warm and funny, and they’d remember him as a man who bought toilet paper in bulk long before warehouse stores. When his younger daughter Carol Sue asked why, Spencer explained: “I have been without toilet paper,” he told her, “and I am never going to be without toilet paper again.”
Not Scarlett O’Hara perhaps, but a telling indication of the permanence of the crash experience on the survivors. Many found themselves with increased susceptibility to cold. Not everyone had the luxury of such discomfort. One poor bastard survived a crash in the B-17 only to succumb to another as he was being flown away from the bomber in a rescue plane.

There are several crews to keep track of and I think it would have been useful for there to have been a section listing them by vehicle, rather than, or in addition to the straight alphabetic list provided in an appendix. That said, the volume I read was an ARE so there may be a difference or two between what I saw and what is in the final hardcover edition. Just in case it is not provided there, I have tucked the crew list by craft under this spoiler notice. (view spoiler)

You are on your own keeping track of other planes, ships and ground-based rescue teams that come into play in this story.

If you liked Lost in Shangri-La, it is a good bet you will find it worth the effort to search for a copy of Frozen in Time and bring it home. Read it in a warm place.


The author’s web page

The author’s FB page for this book

Harper Collins promo video

Video of the downhole camera. (2012) Uncomfortably similar to a medical scoping

A Coast Guard page on an earlier attempt to locate the Duck

North South Polar - Lou's site

List of crashes - 1942-44


Cross posted on my blog - all the intended images appear there

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Reading Progress

04/26/2013 marked as: read

Comments (showing 1-25 of 25) (25 new)

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message 1: by Christina (new) - added it

Christina This book piqued my interest when I read about it awhile ago. I eagerly await your review!

message 2: by Richard (new) - added it

Richard Derus My teeth are chattering.

Will Byrnes Mine would too if I had more of them

message 4: by Richard (new) - added it

Richard Derus Put your Dentucreme on and snug 'em in, then.

message 5: by Dolors (new)

Dolors Terrifying! Not your review but the experience, which I can't start to imagine...
Reminded me of "Alive" (I know, different place different time, different situation), I was a child when I watched the film and even nowadays can't help thinking about the accident whenever I jump into a plane, I guess it happens almost to everybody who has watched that movie or read the book.

message 6: by Caroline (new)

Caroline I'd always heard that death by cold is one of the more benign options, but your review sugguests otherwise. Great review Will, and your lists of people via planeload looks really helpful for future readers. That is quite a sobering list of plane crashes 42-44 :-(

I didn't understand this bit....

It’s tough enough finding a 60+ year old wreck that stands still, (not counting myself) but in Greenland the ice sheet is a very large moving target. Drop a flag on point A and when you return it could be at Points E, Q or X.

Mikey B. GREAT Review!!
This book is definitely onto my list

message 8: by Jeffrey (new)

Jeffrey Keeten I really enjoyed Lost in Shangri-La so it is a good bet I will like this one as well. Awesome Review Will.

message 9: by Mike (new) - added it

Mike I have immense respect and admiration for those pilots (men and women) who ferried these aircraft. Have to read this one...good thing summer is coming. Great review Will.

message 10: by Will (new) - rated it 4 stars

Will Byrnes Thanks, Mike. These people are true heroes, particularly the rescuers.

message 11: by Michael (new)

Michael I want to say goodbye to cold, not dwell on it more> :-)

Cool comparisons between size of Greenland and other places. Looks like a lot of land up for grabs when all the ice melts.

Wonder if the Native Greenlanders helped with the rescues. I got to experience a sense of the people from Ehrlich's wonderful "This Cold Heaven", where the sun can set for a few months.

Hard to believe the Vikings had a colony there for nearly 300 years. Prompted Diamond in his "Collapse" to wonder how we go about defining failure for certain civilizations. If they only knew there was a Texas out there they could have been ranching oilmen by now.

message 12: by Will (new) - rated it 4 stars

Will Byrnes Michael wrote: "I want to say goodbye to cold, not dwell on it more> :-)

Cool comparisons between size of Greenland and other places. Looks like a lot of land up for grabs when all the ice melts.

Wonder if the ..."

Once the glacier slides into the sea, the only countries likely to be in any position to take it over will be Nepal and Bhutan.

message 13: by Steve (new)

Steve You never fail to hold my attention, Will. As scatter-brained as I am, that's a real compliment.

This one looks interesting, but somewhat specialized.

message 14: by Gary (new)

Gary  the Bookworm As much as I enjoyed your review, I'm going to pass on this. I've read two survival stories in the past few months.

message 15: by Mel (new)

Mel This sounds like something I'd like and I have been debating since it was released, but I thought Lost in Shangri-La was just a good magazine feature stretched into a fair book with a lot of fluffy speculation. How would you compare the two? Alone on the ice was a well researched, factual accounting of another trip gone awry, that you might like. Enjoyed the review.

message 16: by Will (new) - rated it 4 stars

Will Byrnes I thought much more of Lost in Shangri-La than you did, liked it better, even, than this one. Both are pretty good.

message 17: by Mel (new)

Mel Will wrote: "I thought much more of Lost in Shangri-La than you did, liked it better, even, than this one. Both are pretty good." Oh, I liked Shangri-La, I just thought at times author was trying to build a sense of danger that I didn't feel. Maybe I just went on the Jungle Cruise at Disneyland too much to feel the threat of the jungle. Thanks Will.

message 18: by Joseph (new)

Joseph Been trying to get a review copy for a while now and had no luck. Looks like I may need to buy it after reading your review.

message 19: by cameron (new)

cameron Thanks for reminding me that Shangri-La is on my desk waiting to be read. Love your reference to "a good Chianti".

message 20: by Will (new) - rated it 4 stars

Will Byrnes It was -9 where I was on Friday, so this one seemed to be calling out for a re-post

Clare Will, you wrote an amazing review. Again. Thanks for your insights, details & research!

message 22: by Will (new) - rated it 4 stars

Will Byrnes Thanks, Clare

message 23: by Jay (new)

Jay Outstanding review, Will -- as usual.

message 24: by Will (new) - rated it 4 stars

Will Byrnes Thanks, Jay

message 25: by Daoud Kashif (new)

Daoud Kashif wow will you read alot of books you wrote so many reviews

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