Johannes's Reviews > Brave New World

Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
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it was ok
bookshelves: literature

This book presents a futuristic dystopia of an unusual kind. Unlike in Orwell's 1984, Huxley's dystopia is one in which everyone is happy. However, they are happy in only the most trivial sense: they lead lives of simple pleasures, but lives without science, art, philosophy or religion. In short, lives without deeper meaning. Although people are expected to work hard and efficiently during working hours, during off hours people live in an infantile way, never engaging their minds, and satisfying themselves with sex and drugs.

The premise of the book I find quite interesting. However, the execution is lacking. The characters are not particularly endearing, and indeed they are quite flat. Worse, Huxley fails to explain why this future of controlled contentment is wrong. The reader will intuit that the this indeed a dystopia posing as a utopia, but Huxley's reliance on this feeling is a philosophical failure. It is the burden of the author to present us not with an account of something we know is bad, but to explain the source of the knowledge.

Huxley attempts something akin to an explanation in the second-to-last chapter, a discussion between "the Savage" who grew up outside civilization and Mustalpha Mond, a World Controller. However, the attempt falls short, as Mond has concise answers to all of the Savage's questions, and the Savage lacks the education and/or intellectual power to find reason behind his feelings.

During the conversation, Mond refers to philosopher Francis Bradley and credits him with the idea that philosophy is "the finding of bad reason for what one believes by instinct." Perhaps this inclusion is intended to convey that Huxley agrees and will make no attempt to manufacture a "bad reason" why the world he created is evil. However, I find this deeply unsatisfying. Why write a book to tell people what they already know? Moreover, a single reference to Bradley is not sufficient to convince me that this definition of philosophy is correct. If Huxley's novel relies heavily on this idea, he should have supported it with more than a solitary statement of Mond. Indeed, Mond promptly refutes the statement by denying instinct as separate from conditioning, and as the civilized population of the world seems to be controlled largely by conditioning, it would seem that in Huxley's world, Mond is correct!

In summary, Huxley crafts an interesting future world where people are blithely content without knowing passion or pain. Unfortunately, he fails both to craft an interesting story to set in this world and to write a strong philosophical argument why such a world would be harmful for mankind. He relies on the obvious faults of the world and the intuitive reaction of the reader, and thus provides no deeper insights.

As a social message, as a novel, and as a statement on the way in which mankind should behave, I find Brave New World inferior in almost every way to 1984. The one word of praise I will give to Huxley's novel is that his dystopia is more unusual and more intriguing than Orwell's. If only he had dome something more with it.
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Reading Progress

April 17, 2008 – Shelved
April 17, 2008 – Shelved as: literature
Started Reading
May 24, 2008 – Finished Reading

Comments Showing 1-29 of 29 (29 new)

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Ruth What Ginnie said.

Matt This is a really good review, though I think you can make an even stronger criticism of the book. Huxley fails to explain why this future of controlled contentment is wrong, in no small part because he's not convinced that it is. A great many of the aspects of the Brave New World society - the use of drugs, the complete absence of traditional sexual mores - were things Huxley himself would advocate. The cynical answer is that Huxley doesn't reject the 'Brave New World' because of its brainwashing, enslavement of the lower classes, lack of morality, or anything of that sort - but because he sees its culture as being too American (watching movies, chewing gum, using disposable goods, etc.) I think that a good argument can be made that the sole problem Huxley has with the Brave New World is that it doesn't produce art that he approves of.

When it seems that Mond is correct at the end of the story, I think it is because Huxley largely agrees that he is correct. The Brave New World simply lacks appropriate intellectual activities for the philosopher kings at its top, and they've allowed themselves to become trapped in a world geared for lower intellects. But other than that, you'd have a hard time figuring out what part of the society Huxley really dislikes.

I think you can find similar irony in the book that 'Brave New World' is a respond to, 'Men Like Gods'. The political philosophy expounded by Wells is in many ways close kin to that expounded by the Nazi's. If you look at it's aims of progress, a new man, and rejection of democracy, its quite similar. Yet Wells and the Nazi's mutually hated one another, not because they were that far apart but because I think they were that close. Nazi Germany was the 'negative utopia' of the Wells vision, in as much as it had most of the features he desired, but in Wells opinion it had rejected the central tenent of scientific rationalism in favor of a charismatic irrationalism. The hatred wasn't as two strangers for another, but as two members of the same religion where each considered the other a heretic.

The cynic in me thanks that Huxley sees the Brave New World as a negative utopia only in as much as there isn't a comfortable spot for an intellectual like Huxley in it.

Kelly I completely agree with your assessment of the book. Having never read it in school, I felt that I should familiarize myself with it. What I felt was, well, nothing.

The characters were unforgivably flat and while, at first, I discounted this as merely their "conditioning" rendering them so, it became clear that even when presented with life changing events, they became no different than they were at the beginning. I feel that even the Savage had no real arc and when his resolution was revealed, the most emotion I could muster was something akin to a shrug and an "Oh well."

Like you, I could never be sure if Huxley was condemning the dystopia he created or if he was, in some way, reveling in it. I felt that the final conversation between the Savage and the World Controller did nothing more than wax poetic about the many ways that this controlled society was better than freedom.

Overall, I felt that the book was lacking in any one character that would guide me through the concrete world of Huxley's dystopia (or perhaps, he considered it a utopia). As the book ended, I couldn't have cared less if every one of them had met a fatal end before the last page.

Brian Hodges It's comforting to find somebody else who felt the same way about this book. Maybe I just didn't "get it" but I saw nothing inherently wrong with Huxley's future. If everyone is truly sublimely happy with their caste, no matter how artificial, where's the harm? And yeah, the characters just gave me no reason to feel compelled one way or the other.

Seth You hit the nail right on the head.

message 6: by Hal (new) - rated it 3 stars

Hal @Matt: I very much agree with Johannes' initial review. Re your suggestion that Huxley rather liked his new world: In the essays he published more than twenty years later (bundled as "Brave New World Revisited" in some newer editions of the book), it becomes clear that he is not a proponent of the utopia/dystopia he paints. He criticises in particular the lack of freedom as rendering worthless whatever comfort and pleasantness an "over-organised society" (as he calls it) might bring.

Besides, I can recommend these "Brave New World Revisited" essays even for those who disliked BNW as I did, both because I find it most enlightening to read what people in the 1950s thought the future might bring, and because the essays are actually very readable (if a tad repetitive overall): Either Huxley had made considerable progress in his writing since BNW, or the essay format just suits him more than a novel's story-telling.

Kathryn Yeah, I agree with what you're saying. Ultimately, kind of underwhelming. Disappointing considering its reputation. You put it in much better terms. :)

Colleen Browne Do you not think that the characters were not endearing by design? Was that not the result of the dystopian world in which they were bred and lived?

Hobbeldehoy i think it could've been better. i was a bit disappointed with it.

Ashwin Johannes, you managed to eloquently say what I've been thinking!

message 11: by Beth (new) - rated it 1 star

Beth Rosser This. I thought I would like this book. I didn't. It just didn't engage me for all of the above reasons.

Yasmine Hamed That is exactly my opinion too. Good idea and bad execution.

Tommy Walker People become acclimated to ever greater levels of Hell, so the book would have been a nightmare to people of Huxley's time more than to those of our own. Single-cell organisms have the most fulfilling lives.

message 14: by Joey (new) - rated it 2 stars

Joey F Well why is it wrong? If every book had a 'right' and a 'wrong', what's the point of reading it? Any body who makes it through the story is already smart enough to make their own decisions, so why should the author do it fir them? Would you like somebody making your decisios for you?

message 15: by Casey (new) - rated it 1 star

Casey Best review of this book that I have read!
Thank you!

Jacob Caraccilo While I rated the book better than you did, I do agree with how you felt about the characters. I wish Huxley had made them more important to the readers as I simply see them as modes of exploring the future he envisions rather than having deep complex lives. I suppose you could argue that their lack of complexity symbolizes how they don't have anything deeper to their lives, but that still makes for a novel that's difficult to get through and plain in many parts.

message 17: by Lena (new) - rated it 5 stars

Lena Savic I feel that Haxley offered a lot of material for very substantial inquiries -it is up to us to find explanations and arguments why or what exactly is wrong about such model of society and reach deeper insights. Perhaps we too became conditioned to recognize only the most accessible answers. Also, can we consider that there AREN'T finite, "perfect answers"? We are conditioned to be comforted by them, to trust them and be convinced, like people in the book. Inquiry, ambiguity and doubt are unsettling in "Brave New World" as they seem to be in the real world. Huxley decided to leave us there, to engage us in our own search for deeper insights and perfect answers-if they exist. Why? Because by doing it we exercise one of the most distinctive abilities of a human species....and I hope that we are not on our way to lose it.

Kevin You are wrong on this:
"Worse, Huxley fails to explain why this future of controlled contentment is wrong"... is it?
Is it wrong to you?
Not to me, I want the world he described to happen.
If you don't, then you want wars and genocides, etc. Are you this kind of evil person that want pain and suffering in the human race just for your own pleasure and freedom?

I think, the fact that the author himself doesn't condone the world he describes is what makes this book interesting. What he describes is neither wrong nor good in my opinion. He describes solutions to the selfish human behaviors in general.
He stays neutral and doesn't say explicitly that it is bad. Because, objectively speaking, it isn't.

Now on the rest of your review, I mostly agree. Book could have been better and we all know already what he describes. Nothing new yes. But at the time the book was written... people didn't knew.
Character development was not so good too.

As for comparing this to 1984 I might disagree with you again. 1984 is an 'easy' book : the state is evil. Easy plot, easy society building, easy story. The premises are easy to invent. Both you and I could have thought of writing 1984.
However, I would not have thought to write 'Brave New World' where the 'evil' doesn't lie in the 'state' but rather in the people themselves not wanting to feel pain. People being lazy. People that want easy things to do. That do not want to think too much and want entertainment only.
... This is much more subtle than 1984 in my opinion and it requires stronger observation skills to come up.

And to me these people already exists: some of them use iPhones. They want things simple.
Also these little kids that want easy video games with autoaim, or they ragequit after 5 mins. They want free trophies so they feel good.
I see this type of demographic raising in existence.

Is it a bad thing for the human race?
According to me, it is not.
Is it a bad thing for _my_ existence and _my_ freedom?
Yes, because in the future I won't be as free as today.

message 19: by Jade (new)

Jade Waldron I agree with the review and some of the comments on this specific post. I do feel like the dystopia side of the book was really the only thing that kept many readers intrigued.

message 20: by Sarah (new) - added it

Sarah I think the execution was lacking as well. He should’ve explained why the society was wrong. In the end, it seemed as if the people living in the society were better off than people who wanted individuality.

message 21: by Leo (new) - rated it 3 stars

Leo Boswell I liked itnit had a very good story and it was very interesting

message 22: by Alex (new) - rated it 3 stars

Alex Yang I agree with this reasoning, Huxley never proves any of his points and relies too much on the readers own opinion, therefore the story seems convulated and lacks a sense of direction.

message 23: by Mikala (new) - added it

Mikala I agree with this 100%, and when reading the book I often felt confused at where the story was going and what was going on.

message 24: by Ella (new) - rated it 2 stars

Ella Your review sums up wonderfully so many of the reasons for my disinterest in this story. If not for the label of a ‘dystopian’, I think this book would be disliked by the masses rather than beloved.

message 25: by Mads (new)

Mads Green Aldous Huxley created a complex dystopian society unlike anything else seen in literature. The New World challenges the balance of science and human nature, while showing us the consequences of one without the other. He creates complex characters that might seem simple on the surface, but tests readers to look more closely at what really makes them tick. I don't believe it was Huxley's job to take us step by step as to why this society was corrupt and evil, rather he created a message knowing it would be more powerful if the reader decoded it for themselves. Huxley was well beyond his time when writing this book, the ideas he was grappling with were problems that his generation didn't even know they were facing. This book was ment as a warning for anyone able to read between the lines.
When saying that the characters are non enduring and flat you overlook the purpose of this, and the complexity that lays beneath the surface. Huxley's main point in writing this novel was to show what happens when technology overtakes nature, thus wiping out what it means to be human. Characters such as Bernard and Lenina who live in the New World don't have any sense of self. They have literally been manufactured to fit the mold society wants them to. By giving them little personality, and making them rather generic Huxley perfectly portrays what the bland existence of a human looks like without the ability to feel emotion, age or even fail.
You are somewhat right in saying that Huxley never clearly outlines the evil in this dystopian society. But after introducing John the Savage, and his struggle to assimilate into the New World culture, the faults become very apparent. John represents the individual, and what it means to be human. He values art, religion and the abilities he has to express himself. When introduced into the New World he is repulsed, and becomes even more isolated then he was on the reserve. Ultimenly John ends up taking his own life. The New World tried to form him into something they could understand and control, but when John fought back and desperately held onto the things that made him human he was forced into complet solidarity. By killing John, Huxley shows us that humans can not function in this type of environment. John would rather be mortal then live the soma induced trance that is required of New World citizens.
Huxley was extremely ahead of his time when writing Brave New World, he foresaw the struggle humanity would have with keeping the individual alive while dealing with technology advancements that would seek to put people into categories. Huxley created a literary masterpiece that dives deep into the intercute problems that face our society today, maybe if we heed his warning we can prevent this fantasy world from becoming a reality.

message 26: by Jan (new) - rated it 5 stars

Jan Winnicki I'm sorry, but I only got through your first two arguments on why it is badly written, and I have to explain something to you. The characters feel generic and represent more of an idea than an actual person? That's the point. Huxley fails to explain why this society is bad? THAT'S THE POINT

Bygonya I completely agree with your assessment of this book. I just couldn't exactly put my finger on how to articulate it. Thanks for putting it into words.

I also gave it 2 stars, and both of them are for the fascinating world he created. I do wish there had been a better exploration of it.

Amber L Thank you! You wrote this review so that I don’t have to. This perfectly sums up my experience and frustration reading this book.

message 29: by Catherine (new) - added it

Catherine Deng Lol I think Orwell did the same with 1984

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