Amanda's Reviews > The Ring of Words: Tolkien and the Oxford English Dictionary

The Ring of Words by Peter Gilliver
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's review
Aug 06, 2010

really liked it
bookshelves: languages, english, tolkien
Read from August 06 to 14, 2010

Fun Facts:

It mentions that Tolkien had the Ents march on Sarumon because he decided he wanted to have a story in which a forest went to war after reading Macbeth and being disappointed that Birnam wood didn't *really* march to Dunsinanae hill.

In the late 1700s, there was a revival in medievel romances and epics and folklore. Since many of these works were written in ancient or local dialects, there was an increase in philology p64

Word Studies:

attercop dialect for spider, atter poison, coppa (cop, cob) spider
cobweb spiderweb, Shelob female spider
bee-hunter: bear, Beowolf possibly wolf (enemy) of bee aka bear

dern to conceal Dernhelm Eowyn's disguise

dumbledore: dialect word for bumblebee

eleventy-one old english, follows hundred with elevnty (endlufontig) and twelfty (twelftig). in the old system counting was in 12's. a great or long hundred was 120. so things were measured in a gross ( 12 dozen)

ent: giant old english

eored: eoh old english horse rad riding

glede: old English (related to glow) coal

hemlock: regional English group of plants including Queen Anne's Lace, cow parsley,

hobbit: holbytla old English bytla builder, imaginary entymology by Tolkien

kingsfoil: foil leaf (trefoil, milfoil is yarrow, caprifoil is honeysuckle)

mathom: old english something valuable, treasure

middle earth: land between two seas, land between heaven and hell

deagol old english secret (Old English -ol adj ending, modern english is -le, ficol to fickle

tweens: portmanteau word: blending of teen and 'tween (between) or twenties. between was originally "by seas twain" meaning "in the whole world"

smeagol: old english secretive

waybread: folkname for plantain a broad leved plant, bread related to broad, Tolkien used the word as way and bread (len way bas bread). one possible interpretation is to link it with viaticum (consecreated Eucharist given to a person who is dying or in danger od dying.) which means "provision for a journey"

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Reading Progress

08/13/2010 page 95

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