Excellent book, which I highly recommend for anyone researching the North of England during the Wars of the Roses. The "Family, "Friends," and PoliticExcellent book, which I highly recommend for anyone researching the North of England during the Wars of the Roses. The "Family, "Friends," and Politics" chapter is especially notable. This chapter explains good lordship.
For example, clipped from my research notes: There was a strong emotional component to good lordship. (Loyalty and trust are, after all, emotional concepts.) It wasn't just about financial rewards and being able to "do for" each other. Perhaps members of affinity (retinue) wanted to know you really cared about them in a personal way - kind of like we want to feel like our bosses and companies really care about us.
(We don't want to just be a number that can be fired at any time. We want to feel like we are special and would be missed if we were no longer there. We want to feel like we bring something valuable to the table - to feel valued.)
But it might have been even deeper and more emotional than that in the late Middle Ages.
Evidence: 1. Riii - when his northern affinity, which was primarily the junior branch of the Neville family, believed that he had poisoned Anne Neville all Hell nearly broke lose and he had to issue a public denial. His great northern affinity were loyal to him more because of family tradition and deep ties with Warwick and the Nevilles over generations. They didn't care that much about his royal blood and influence - or even that he was king. 2. Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Percy - one imprisoned in Tower in mid 1460s- his retinue , who could have overpowered crowd, stood by and watched him get lynched in 1489 by rioters who were unhappy with H7's tax increases. Why? Likely two factors: A)They may have been unhappy about Percy's disloyalty to RIII at Bosworth - although who knows if this is true since Percy's forces may have been blocked by RIii's and unable to join battle? B)Percy had no influence at H7's court and couldn't do anything for them anyway. Note that first bullet point (a) is paramount/primary reason though....more
This book is actually quite decent and provides a surprising number of tidbits of information that don't appear elsewhere. I suspect that this book miThis book is actually quite decent and provides a surprising number of tidbits of information that don't appear elsewhere. I suspect that this book might not stand-up to rigorous academic scrutiny. However, in my opinion, this biography is more than acceptable for anyone who is fascinated by this enigmatic monarch or this period.
Even though Lady Mary Clive first published This Sun of York in 1974, the book and its research hold up today.
Lady Clive does an excellent job of orienting the reader. At the book's beginning, it provides family trees, helpful summaries of key characters, and maps. The prologue gives a simple, interesting introduction to the period right before Edward's rebellion (1400-1459). Included in the prologue is basic information about Edward's father, Richard of York, the major issues,Margaret of Anjou's background, and a few other topics.
The second chapter explains the significance of Calais in the late 1450s. Lady Clive divides the book chronologically, but the chapter name reflects the theme of the period. For example, Chapter 3 is named "Capturing the Crown: 26 June 1460 to 28 June 1461."
Her treatment of the readeption (1469 rebellion) is fair and moderately easy to understand. She touches on Edward's trading activities and his religious life.
Here's a quick summary of her table of contents: 1. Ludlow Castle 2. Calais 3. Capturing the Crown 4. England's neighbors 5. The New King 6. Margaret and Henry VI 7. Edward's Marriage 1464 8. Dangerous Years 1465-1468 9. Open rebellion 10. Fluctuating fortunes 1470 11. Edward's return 12. Edward resumes his reign 13. The invasion of France 14. Peace and Prosperity 1475-1482 15. Edward's Last Years 1480-1482 16. Edward's death 1483
Clive's method is to essentially retrace Edward's steps and as a side-effect she provides numerous unique details. She's also surprisingly succinct given the scope.
For readers looking to get a good holistic view of Edward's reign or pick up tiny details, this is an excellent book. I think it provides more balanced, albeit shallower, coverage than Ross' Edward IV, which tends to treat specific topics in more depth.
I can't compare it on a historiography basis to Ross because it has been a while since I read this book. Likewise, I can't tell you how much she draws from Scofield.
This is an amazing book that is unfortunately very hard to find. (Try university libraries.) Yes, it is an academic book. Yes, it is based on MichaelThis is an amazing book that is unfortunately very hard to find. (Try university libraries.) Yes, it is an academic book. Yes, it is based on Michael Hick's thesis. However, it is the only book I know of about Clarence - a central and under-discussed figure in the Wars of the Roses.
This book provides: 1. A discussion of Clarence's childhood, Clarence's early career in politics, and Clarence's interaction with Warwick.
2. Insight into the extent Edward IV spoiled (for lack of a better word) Clarence when he was heir to the throne. This includes dollar amounts from expenditures on lavish goods for Clarence, the near-kingly estate in which Clarence lived, and the numerous titles endowed upon him. While Hicks describes these acts, he doesn't speculate excessively on their emotional or psychological impact.
3. The Readeption. I found Hicks' treatment of the Readeption a bit challenging, but I may not have a sufficient grounding in it. (I think it assumes you know a lot about the Readeption already.)
4. The feud with Richard III over the Warwick lands. Hicks is one of the few historians - even today - who correctly puts this dispute into an accurate legal context. In my opinion, Hicks implies that Richard III may have been in the wrong since he had no legal standing. Hicks' discussion is well worth reading and rereading.
5. The confusing events that led to Clarence's death. Hicks does not make any grand "Ah, I've solved it" type statements about this great mystery.
This book, as well as Christine Carpenter's (1986) journal article about Clarence, are the finest works on the subject I've seen to date. (J.R. Lander's articles are a close second.)...more