CECILIA
CECILIA asked:

WOULD YOU PLEASE GIVE ME A QUOTE ABOUT ETHNIC CONFLICT?

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Sofija T At the beginning of the 20th century Afghanistan was a monarchy and that system remained until the early 70s. As for the women' s rights, some reforms have been made a few times but they would always be abolished soon. All in all, it was an islamic state(not in the same way as today, there were people who weren't religious and punishments weren't so harsh as in today's IS, but Ko'ran was taught in schools, and religious practices were very usual), Kabul, as a capital city was the most modern one, while the rural parts of the country were probably undeveloped, education wasn' t compulsory.
At the beginning of the 70s one man became the first president of Afghanistam after a coup, and things were more or less the same. But few years later I think Afghan communist party performed a coup, but because of the reforms they wanted to make(they proclaimed complete equality of sexes, they wanted to make a secular state and they were against huge social differences), former authorities weren't the only ones to oppose communists, there were also mujahideens. SSSR then decided to help communists by sending some of their troops in Af. and that's how they established a communist state after the civil war, although (in the spirit of Cold war) America gave substantial financial and weaponry help to the anti - communists(among them was also Bin Laden). SSSR troops left Af. soon, but cummunist state started to weaken because of the conflicts with religion, so they tried to represent theirselves as the Islamic state to gain popularity, but that didn't work. Soon communist government was repalced by some kind of united government that consisted of several major political groups in Af. Shortly after Talibans gained the authority and they started producing terror everywhere, establishing strict sharia rules and cruel punishments for breaking them.
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by Khaled Hosseini (Goodreads Author)
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