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why did orwell give no hope for mankind at the end? there has to be some revolution but from whom?

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Samantha Burns The novel was supposed to be a metaphor for the world that the reader is living in. The ending was another way to give the novel verisimilitude. If the novel were to end with Winston as a martyr or overthrowing the party, it wouldn't connect so much with the real world. Truth of the matter is that there's no way that Julia and Winston could lead the rebellion against the party. The party has too much control and there would be no way to get enough of the population on their side to do any damage. If there were to ever be a revolution it would have to come from the proles because of their population size. Orwell tried to make a comment the government is heading towards this type of dystopia and there's nothing any one person will be able to do about it once it gets there.
Maddy Brennan I don't think this book was necessarily written for entertainment, it was written as a warning. The reason for the lack of resolution is that once government has gained full control there is no way of stopping them. Winston's society has passed the point of no return
Berni Remember the decade in which the book was written - books nowadays have perfectly tied up endings with happiness and resolution to satisfy the reader. This novel asks the reader to react to the ending and feel and think about what went wrong and how the circumstances/ending could have been changed. If you feel despair then that is your reaction, if you feel anger and outrage, then that is your reaction. Ironically, having a reaction to the ending is exactly the kind of freedom Winston was never allowed. You should feel privileged in reading the ending that you can think and feel freely enough to even imagine a better ending for Winston and Julia.
Pete Your perception is that the book ended with no hope for humanity but others may have a different interpretation. The ultimate revolution is submitting to death rather than accepting an eternal meaningless existence. For some readers Winston claims the final victory.
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