Marc Bacon He was an idealist. On the whole his theory about early humans, what we would now call hunter gatherers, was off the mark given recent findings in Africa of massacres between tribes during that period of evolution. As Nietzsche and DH Lawrence noted a return to nature should be an ascent not a descent. Yet he deserves credit for making some superb intuitive insights into evolution before Darwin and before we had any idea of prehistory. He foresaw hominids what he called 'ape like' men and women.