James Mcguire
James Mcguire asked:

what was the reason he treated the irish people with such cruelty ?......jim

Gary Thomas Jim: Wrong Cromwell. That was Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658).
Geoff Boxell You mean Oliver Cromwell? Thomas Cromwell had little to do with Irish affairs. So, Oliver Cromwell and the Irish and his supposed "cruelty": Those in arms both for Irish independence and in support of King Charles often chose to fight on when given the opportunity to surrender with honour. With regards to the civilian population, on commencing his Irish campaign to end years of civil war and brutal massacre perpetuated by the native Irish on the English and Scots settled in the land, he issued orders to his army that they were to be left alone and there was also to be no persecution of the Catholic clergy, unless they were in arms: read his letters and orders at the time - alternatively read Lady Antonia Fraser's biography "Cromwell: Our Chief of Men".
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