Colin Green
Colin Green asked:

Why do the humans in year 800,000 seem so one dimensional?

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Benjamin In the novel, the Time Traveller himself talks about how limited an amount of time he had to understand the world he found himself in, and how limited his understanding of that society would be. Effectively a handwave to the very issue you mentioned.

In some later editions, Wells wrote a preface explaining how deadline pressure meant the novel never went into the depth he had intended.
ScottyEnn On one level, the novel is something of a thinly-veiled political treatise; Wells is making an argument about the British class system and both its degrading, dehumanising effects on those on the lower levels (the Morlocks) and its reduction of those on the upper levels to basically a level of useless, superficial frivolity and pointlessness (the Eloi). The humans of 801207 essentially act in service to that idea.

On another level, Wells also wants to make a point about evolution. Specifically, how after a few hundred thousand years even humanity will have changed so much as to be completely unrecognisable to a modern human being. So the Morlocks and the Eloi on some level have to be unrecognisable and unrelatable and a bit flat in order for Wells to make this point.
Dryden Because the time traveller is the object of the story.If you read the book very few of the characters are given more than a brief description.At the time nearly it was written all what is now "modern science" was speculation.
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