Ahmed First, you have Najwa's family who betrayed her through forcing her marriage as young as 14. Also, Faraj betrayed his friend, Ustath Rashid when he told the revolutionary committee about him while the opposite is shown by Ustath Rashid ( loyalty ) as the name of Faraj comes across him but he replies saying "No" , no that he doesn't want to say that he knows him. Besides, there The protagonist, Suleiman betrays Kareem upon calling his father a "traitor" and revealing his little secret about a girl he liked at school. So basically, when you are trying to answer such a question, it's important to include what Matar is trying to show the reader about betrayal. Which is that betrayal can have not only immense effects on humans, but also long-lasting ones.