Best Cybernetics Books

From Wikipedia: "The term cybernetics stems from the Greek κυβερνήτης (kybernētēs, steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder — the same root as government). Cybernetics is a broad field of study, but the essential goal of cybernetics is to understand and define the functions and processes of systems that have goals and that participate in circular, causal chains that move from action to sensing to comparison with desired goal, and again to action. Studies in cybernetics provide a means for examining the design and function of any system, including social systems such as business management and organizational learning, including for the purpose of making them more efficient and effective.

Cybernetics was defined by Norbert Wiener, in his book of that title, as the study of control and communication in the animal and the machine. Stafford Beer called it the science of effective organization and Gordon Pask extended it to include information flows "in all media" from stars to brains. It includes the study of feedback, black boxes and derived concepts such as communication and control in living organisms, machines and organizations including self-organization. Its focus is how anything (digital, mechanical or biological) processes information, reacts to information, and changes or can be changed to better accomplish the first two tasks [2]. A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1956 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics, characterizes cybernetics as "the art of ensuring the efficacy of action" [3]. The most recent definition has been proposed by Louis Kauffman, President of the American Society for Cybernetics, "Cybernetics is the study of systems and processes that interact with themselves and produce themselves from themselves" [4].

Concepts studied by cyberneticists (or, as some prefer, cyberneticians) include, but are not limited to: learning, cognition, adaption, social control, emergence, communication, efficiency, efficacy and interconnectivity. These concepts are studied by other subjects such as engineering and biology, but in cybernetics these are removed from the context of the individual organism or device.

Other fields of study which have influenced or been influenced by cybernetics include game theory; system theory (a mathematical counterpart to cybernetics); psychology, especially neuropsychology, behavioral psychology and cognitive psychology; philosophy; anthropology; and even architecture"
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4.06 avg rating — 583 ratings
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4.38 avg rating — 81 ratings
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4.02 avg rating — 599 ratings
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3.67 avg rating — 15 ratings
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4.50 avg rating — 38 ratings
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5

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4.83 avg rating — 6 ratings
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4.24 avg rating — 18,642 ratings
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4.13 avg rating — 82 ratings
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it was amazing 5.00 avg rating — 7 ratings
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4.30 avg rating — 40 ratings
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4.35 avg rating — 49 ratings
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3.94 avg rating — 17 ratings
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4.39 avg rating — 38 ratings
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4.21 avg rating — 42 ratings
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4.02 avg rating — 95 ratings
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3.87 avg rating — 554 ratings
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4.09 avg rating — 86 ratings
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4.25 avg rating — 76 ratings
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4.17 avg rating — 86 ratings
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20

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it was amazing 5.00 avg rating — 8 ratings
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3.56 avg rating — 151 ratings
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3.78 avg rating — 9 ratings
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4.20 avg rating — 35 ratings
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4.02 avg rating — 59 ratings
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32 books · 21 voters · list created April 24th, 2010 by Bricoleur (David) Soul (votes) .
Tags: cybernetics
64 likes · 
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