Spanish History

The history of Spain dates back to the Early Middle Ages. In 1516, Habsburg Spain unified a number of disparate predecessor kingdoms; its modern form of a constitutional monarchy was introduced in 1813, and the current democratic constitution dates to 1978.

After the completion of the Reconquista, the kingdoms of Spain were united under Habsburg rule in 1516. At the same time, the Spanish Empire began to expand to the New World across the ocean, marking the beginning of the Golden Age of Spain, during which, from the early 1500s to the 1650s, Habsburg Spain was among the most powerful states in

The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939
Imperial Spain, 1469 - 1716
Homage to Catalonia
The Spanish Civil War
Empire: How Spain Became a World Power, 1492-1763
Isabella: The Warrior Queen
Ghosts of Spain: Travels Through Spain and its Silent Past
The Ornament of the World: How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain
Imprudent King: A New Life of Philip II
The Queen's Vow: A Novel of Isabella of Castile
Spain in Our Hearts: Americans in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939
The Conquest of New Spain
The Spanish Civil War: Reaction, Revolution, and Revenge
The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain
The Last Queen

Gary N. Heilbronn
Quotes from BEGINNINGS: Where A Life Begins.......... Life did not improve for Maria; it just became slowly less unbearable Alia’s mother was more than twice her age. Not yet old enough to be expected to die of old age but now no longer a woman with a future; except that which can be lived through her children and theirs. Her head told her that there was no justice but her heart was unconvinced. She was relieved that her soul no longer weighed as heavily as it had before, or maybe she had l ...more
Gary Heilbronn

Hank Bracker
While under the Spanish flag, the Crown rigorously controlled the number of slaves allowed into Cuba and charged the settlers a 20% royalty for each slave they imported. In 1537, Havana was invaded and briefly occupied by the French. On April 6, 1538, Hernando de Soto with about 950 men and horses on ten ships sailed from Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain to Santiago de Cuba where he took over as the Governor of Cuba. From Santiago, he sailed around Cuba to Havana with a nine-ship convoy and set up a ...more
Captain Hank Bracker, The Exciting Story of Cuba

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