Appomattox Campaign

The Appomattox Campaign was part of the American Civil War and was fought from March 29th to April 9th, 1865 in Virginia. After Union forces under U.S. Grant broke through the Confederate lines near Petersburg and Richmond on April 2nd, Confederate General Robert E. Lee tried to lead his Army of Northern Virginia to North Carolina and join other Confederate forces there. However, Lee's army was finally surrounded and forced to surrender on April 9th at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. ...more

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Thirty-six Hours Befor...
 
by
Christopher M. Calkins
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Appomattox: The Last Days of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia

Jay Winik
Robert E. Lee had done his duty and, however heartbroken, was prepared to do his duty still. Having devoted himself to winning the war, until the bitter end, he was now beginning the transition to an equally fervent commitment, reuniting the two halves of the divided country. As he slowly rode back to his camp, some fifteen minutes away, advance soldiers began to shout, “General, are we surrendered?” Lee struggled for words to express his sense of despair and came up short; he was speechless. Bu ...more
Jay Winik, April 1865: The Month That Saved America

Jay Winik
The next day, it was still raining when Lee issued his final order to his troops, known simply as General Orders Number 9. After four years of arduous service, marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources. I need not tell the brave survivors of so many hard fought battles, who have remained steadfast to the last, that I have consented to the result from no distrust of them. But feeling that valor and ...more
Jay Winik, April 1865: The Month That Saved America

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