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Storia della filosofia occidentale

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4.05  ·  Rating Details ·  22,233 Ratings  ·  681 Reviews
Vero e proprio capolavoro di sintesi e di chiarezza espositiva, la Storia della filosofia occidentale si offre come un quadro completo dello sviluppo del pensiero filosofico, all'interno del quale i singoli pensatori sono collocati nel loro contesto storico e sociale a dimostrazione che l'opera di un filosofo non sorge mai isolata, bensì riflette ed elabora i pensieri e i ...more
Paperback, 816 pages
Published January 29th 2004 by TEA (first published 1945)
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Andrew I've had very little formal education in philosophy (studied literature, so that helps in a way, but the only philosophy course I've taken was on…moreI've had very little formal education in philosophy (studied literature, so that helps in a way, but the only philosophy course I've taken was on existentialism). Most of what I know is from my own exploration and reading. Given that perspective, I don't think I'd recommend this as a first introduction to all of western philosophy. Having some kind of an understanding of what I guess are the basic concepts and schools of thought—off the top of my head, dualism, ontology, metaphysics, epistemology, phenomenology, yada yada) certainly helps in that you'd be speaking the same language.

Or just go for it and make sure you have access to a dictionary (and possibly also something like Stanford's online dictionary/encyclopedia of philosophy).(less)
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Community Reviews

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Riku Sayuj

A Critical (& Patronizing) Survey of Western Philosophy

Russell is consistently opinionated throughout his presentation and it might confuse some of the readers that he is so casual in writing off some of the major philosophers and their key ideas. This is because the book is not a mere history of philosophy, a mere account of ideas, by any stretch. Instead it is a critical survey, a long catalogue of what Russell agrees and disagrees with among all the major doctrines. The format followed is
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Manny
There's a throwaway remark in this book which has haunted me ever since I read it some time in the mid-70s. Russell is talking about Socrates, and he wonders if Socrates actually existed. Maybe Plato made him up.

"I don't think many people would have been able to make up Socrates," muses Russell. "But Plato could have done it."

It's hard not to continue this line of reasoning. If Socrates turns out to be fictional, who else is? And which fictional characters of today will later be accepted as hist
...more
Mark Lawrence
Jan 05, 2012 Mark Lawrence rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I stole this off my father's shelves many years ago. The indications on the inside cover was that he read it in Finland in 1959 - I think he once missed a train there and the next one wasn't for a week.

It's true that this is in many respects a heavy, dry, and testing read. On the other hand it's full of interesting anecdotes about the philosophers themselves, from the earliest of ancient Greeks to Russell's contemporaries in the 20th century. And Russell, a mathematician of the highest order as
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Trevor
Jul 02, 2009 Trevor rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
This is a remarkable book. Over the years I have found various reasons to look into it now and again, but have never read the whole thing. Mostly I’ve read the bits about particular philosophers: Heraclitus, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Marx for example. I hadn’t realised that ‘dipping’ in this way was missing much of the point of the book.

This is not just a history of Western Philosophy, but also a bit of a ‘how do all of the main schools of Western Philosophy fit into their culture and times'.
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Roy Lotz
I enjoyed this a bit too much. The History of Western Philosophy is exactly my kind of book, and so this review will be biased.

This, however, illustrates my first point. One’s opinion of this work will largely depend on one’s opinion of Russell. This is because he frequently injects his views, ideas, and opinions into the text. I happen to love the guy; I’m sure reactions will differ.

In this history, Russell does not entirely succeed in his stated goal. What he was trying to do was to firmly sit
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Foad
Sep 28, 2014 Foad rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
کتاب رو با ترجمه ی نجف دریابندری خوندم. ترجمه خیلی خوب بود، هر چند گاهی جملات قابل فهم نبود، که نمیدونم مشکل از قصور فهم من بود یا از ترجمه.

تاریخ انتقادی فلسفه
اسم درست این کتاب، "تاریخ انتقادی فلسفه" است، نه "تاریخ فلسفه". هر فصل از کتاب، تقسیم شده به دو قسمت: قسمت کوتاه (و گاه نارسای) نخست، به معرفی اجمالی بخشی (و نه تمام) از فلسفه ی فیلسوف خاص میپردازه. قسمت بلند و مفصل دوم، به انتقاد از فلسفه ش. هر چند خیلی این انتقادها دقیق و لذت بخش بودن، (مخصوصاً با نثرِ گاه طنز آمیز کتاب که نمی دونم کار ر
...more
Ian "Marvin" Grayejoy
Overview

Bertrand Russell's History consists of 76 Chapters, almost all under 20 pages.

Each Chapter contains a summary of one major philosopher's key arguments interlaced with criticism that reflects Russell's own priorities and perspectives.

In a sense, it is one philosopher judging the work of another.

We therefore need to exercise caution in relying on Russell's methodology, perspectives and conclusions.

Apart from this reservation, I actually really enjoy his style. He is very clear and seems t
...more
Bram
Dec 15, 2009 Bram rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Not only is this an excellent primer on all the major Western philosophers and an impressive synthesis of the evolution of philosophic thought over a 2500-year span, it's also one of the wittier books I've ever read. I'd be quite interested to hear Bertrand Russell's thoughts on the past 65 years; I did stumble upon his remarkable final statement, written two days before his death at age 97, which shows him putting his formidable powers of rationality to work in succinctly and accurately assessi ...more
Dylan Popowicz
At first it seems impressive that a single individual could accumulate such a vast understanding of Werstern Philosophy from Thales to Dewey. At first it seems that the work is well researched, objective, and only humorously judgemental at times. . . And for the first five-hundred pages these feelings seem to preside. Yet, when Russell reaches what, to me, is the important period of Philosophy, namely the modern period from the Rennaisance till the present, I find that Russell's analysis of each ...more
Michael Finocchiaro
Bertrand Russel rocks the entire history of Western Philosophy like a boss! Long but, oh so worth it!
Paul
Russell's History of Philosophy is a good little introduction to a massive field. His biases will be a problem for those who are aligned with the ones he critiques. This is because he frequently lets his biases cloud his thinking. For example, he writes,

"So little is known of him [Leucippus] that Epicurus (a later follower of Democritus) was thought to have denied his existence all together, and some moderns have revived this theory. There are, however, a number of allusions to him in Aristotle,
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Ahmad Sharabiani
شرح نقادانه «تاریخ فلسفه» در غرب، از هزاره اول پیش از میلاد مسیح، تا اواسط قرن بیستم میلادی. «نجف دریابندری» در مقدمه ی خود بر کتاب مینویسد: «احساس خواننده ی تاریخ «راسل»، همانند احساس جوان کنجکاوی ست، که همراه پدر ستیهنده و زبان آور خود به دیدار بزرگان تاریخ تفکر میرود، و به گفت و گوی پرحرارت پدر با آنها گوش میدهد؛ و بسیار چیزها - چه از باب معلومات فلسفی و چه از باب شیوه های جدل - میآموزد.». تاریخ فلسفه ی غرب، بازنویس سلسله درس هایی ست که «راسل» از 1940 تا 1943 در آمریکا داده بود که در تابستان ...more
Stian
A very subjective history of philosophy. Russell makes it very clear what he thinks of every philosopher mentioned and it's not very hard to see who he likes and who he dislikes.

The first part of the book on Ancient Philosophy I thought was excellent and very fascinating. The variety of thought and ideas here was really incredible and made for very easy and interesting reading throughout. In fact, once I had finished Russell's examination of Plato I decided to read three of Plato's dialogues, a
...more
Mr.
Oct 07, 2008 Mr. rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This is of course an analytic philosopher's history of western philosophy, which means that Russell presupposes that there is a single rational goal which all philosophers are seeking to reach through collective progress. Unfortunately, philosophy is not mathematics, nor is it science. Russell's account is sometimes troubling, sometimes funny, as he methodically points out every logical error in the Ancient Greeks, the rationalists, the empiricists, etc. The notion of progress as it pertains to ...more
Adam
Dec 23, 2007 Adam rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Ray Monk
"A History of Western Philosophy remains unchallenged as the perfect introduction to its subject. Russell...writes with the kind of verve, freshness and personal engagement that lesser spirits would never have permitted themselves. This boldness, together with the astonishing breadth of his general historical knowledge, allows him to put philosophers into their social and cultural context... The result is exactly the kind of philosophy that most people would like to read, but which only
...more
Ahmad Ardy
Lewat buku ‘History of Western Philosophy’ ini, Bertrand Russel berjaya ‘mencari gaduh’ dengan semua pengikut-pengikut mana-mana mazhab falsafah. Aku merujuk di sini kepada gaya Russell mendekati subjek-subjek kajian beliau; Russell akan bermula dengan bercerita tentang biografi ringkas faylasuf tersebut, diikuti dengan latar zaman, karya-karya definitif faylasuf tersebut, garis-garis besar pemikiran beliau, diikuti dengan kritikan Russell terhadap faylasuf tersebut. Kaedah diskursif sebegini be ...more
Aleksandar Janjic
Пуни наслов ове књиге гласи "Историја западне филозофије и њена повезаност са политичким и друштвеним условима од најранијег доба до данас", што већ само по себи прилично расвјетљава шта је то Расел овде покушао да уради. Мало детаљније може да се пронађе у предговору:

"У већини историја филозофије, сваки се филозоф појављује као у вакууму; његово се мишљење приказује издвојено сем, у најбољем случају, у односу на филозофе пре њега. Ја сам управо због тога покушао да, колико ми то истина допушта,
...more
Jared Colley
This book is invaluable to me. I first read it as a high schooler & young college student, and I have never stopped reading it since. This has served as a resource/reference for countless various reasons. Mr. Russell offers a pretty comprehensive account of Western, intellectual history here, but he also provides erudite commentary on almost all major philosophers & philosophies of the Western tradition. The only reason I give this 4 and not 5 stars is Mr. Russell's glaring ommission of ...more
Nahed.E
Nov 26, 2014 Nahed.E rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: للدراسة
تاريخ الفلسفة الغربية لبرتراند راسل ، بأجزائه الثلاثة ،
الفلسفة اليونانية ،
وفلسفة العصور الوسطي،
والفلسفة الحديثة
من أهم الكتب لدارسي الفلسفة ، ويمكن القول إنه لا غني عنها ، فانت هنا تعرف تاريخ الفسلفة بقلم فيلسوف
والذي يشرح لك الفلسفة فيلسوف
والذي يؤرخ وينقد ويحاورك فيلسوف
تخيل حين تفهم أفكار الفلاسفة بفكر فيلسوف
أكثر من رائع ، خاصة في ظل اسلوب رسل السهل والمتواضع أيضاً
فنراه يعترف في الكتاب أن نظرية الزمان والمكان لكانط صعبة الفهم
وأنه نفسه عاني ليفهمها
جميل
Dr. Elkhatib
Enjoyed the comprehensive eye-opening knowledge. Highly recommended.
Cassandra Kay Silva
Apr 12, 2015 Cassandra Kay Silva rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I much preferred "The Dream of Reason" as a philosophical overview to this one. To be honest they are both subjective and fairly biased views of historical philosophy but I just prefer Gotliebs bias more! I don't know what that says about me, perhaps I should be looking for something more objective but I don't know if I want objective anyway. Russell focuses a bit too much on the matching up of philosophers to their works and not as much as he says he was going to on how that relates to society. ...more
Animesh
May 24, 2007 Animesh rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is the mother of all books!

This tome was apparently dictated by Bertrand Russell to his secretary during his lecture trips in America as he traveled by train across the country in the 1920s.

It is witty, provocative, profound, and informative all at the same time.

If you want to know what genius is, then read this book. It is the encapsulation of the entire philosophical thoughts of the western world, written (well, dictated) in the most engaging way possible. Need I say more?

Read it.

[Alas,
...more
Spyros Passas
Feb 12, 2017 Spyros Passas rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is THE absolute reference book for Western Philosophy. Starting from the Pro-Socratic times and ending at the dawn of the 20th century, Russel goes through all the major philosophical movements of the West. The thought of most major philosophers is being beautifully laid down and analysed by one of the greatest minds of the 20th century. Despite being very dense, the book is wonderfully readable, so if you have any interest in the matter this is a work that should be in your library (and in ...more
Abott
Oct 08, 2011 Abott rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
There is no doubt that Russell ignores some important elements in the history of western thought in his History of Western Philosophy. I am not as much annoyed as some who consider this book worthless for that matter. I may be biased toward him and the importance he gives to the scientific method in considering the various schools of philosophy. He obviously aims at a philosophy based on the scientific knowledge acquired at his time. However, I see it somewhat unfair to totally ignore some figur ...more
Sophia_yang
This book is really a fantasitic work! I really like the cover. A broad way to the western philosophy! I bought this book last week, and fell in love with it suddenly. I have read it many times already. The book is divided by three parts, ancient philosophy, catholic philosophy, and modern philosophy. I love 'the schoolmen' best. By the way, the table of contents is very nice, too.
Many histories of philosophy exist, and it has not been my purpose merely to add one to their number. My purpose is
...more
Roderick Vincent
Nov 05, 2015 Roderick Vincent rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A great introduction to all of the heavy weight philosophers. The last chapter summed up well why Russell had the habit of crushing each of the philosophers in turn throughout the book. Certainly some spankings were in order. Russell had a great mind, and this book had an interesting historical accompaniment along with each summary. (Spoiler) He was not a fan of Nietzsche.
Paul  Perry
Nov 06, 2010 Paul Perry rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: anyone iterested in ideas and great writing
In this wonderfully wide-ranging, intelligent and humane book Russell not only introduces the most important philosophers and philosophies from the ancient Greeks onward (in the Western tradition, that is, he alludes occasionally to oriental traditions where they influence western philosophy, but on the whole they are outside his remit), he gives the historical and social context from which the philosophies rose. I found this to be particularly valuable; my modern mind often has difficulty how s ...more
Richard
Feb 26, 2008 Richard rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: history buffs, pastors, aspiring intelligensia
Reading Bertrand Russell was a great surprise because his writing is so clear. He relates philosophers to their cultural contexts, an idea overused today, but Russell acheives a balance between philosophy as a mere expression of culture versus philosophy as having claims we can test and which we must take into account. Some surprising chapters include figures not usually reckoned as philosophers- Lord Byron, most notably- but included for their influence on the history of thought. His taxonomy o ...more
Tariq Mahmood
Jun 25, 2016 Tariq Mahmood rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, philosophy
A very ambitious project, extremely well presented by a true lover of truth. What impressed me was the lucidity of the text which is now well over 60 years old. This work is must for all serious and non serious followers of philosophy.
Nuruddin Azri
Apr 21, 2017 Nuruddin Azri rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, philosophy
Tidak sedikit buku terpakai bergenre falsafah yang ada di toko-toko buku di Mesir ini. Buku ini merupakan salah satu daripadanya. Seperti segelintir ulat buku lain di Mesir ini yang rajin mencium bau buku dan melihat tajuk-tajuk buku yang tertera, aku menjumpai buku ini tersusun di rak bahagian novel pada Pesta Buku Antarabangsa Kaherah tahun lepas (2016). Dan kalian anggarkan sahajalah berapa harganya!

Baik. Buku ini ditulis oleh Russell (1872-1970) ketika usianya mencecah 73 tahun (1945) sekita
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17854
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS, was a Welsh philosopher, historian, logician, mathematician, advocate for social reform, pacifist, and prominent rationalist. Although he was usually regarded as English, as he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1950 "in recognition of his var
...more
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“A stupid man's report of what a clever man says can never be accurate, because he unconsciously translates what he hears into something he can understand.” 636 likes
“To teach how to live without certainty, and yet without being paralyzed by hesitation, is perhaps the chief thing that philosophy, in our age, can still do for those who study it.” 424 likes
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