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Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution

4.15  ·  Rating details ·  7,802 ratings  ·  460 reviews
This 25th anniversary edition of Steven Levy's classic book traces the exploits of the computer revolution's original hackers -- those brilliant and eccentric nerds from the late 1950s through the early '80s who took risks, bent the rules, and pushed the world in a radical new direction. With updated material from noteworthy hackers such as Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Ric ...more
Paperback, 25th Anniversary Edition, 502 pages
Published May 27th 2010 by O'Reilly Media (first published 1984)
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Average rating 4.15  · 
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Elaine Nelson
I'm still sort of processing this book a week later. All the status updates I posted are notes I wrote on paper while I was reading, alas I ran out of scraps while sick in bed, somewhere around pg 350. (the goodreads entry says this has more pages than the copy I have, btw.)

Note: this is a really long and somewhat rambling review.

A few themes stick out, notably West coast vs East coast. No, seriously. The first section is all MIT hackers, the other two are west coast focused (hippie hackers and
Mar 24, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book, the original version, changed my life when I read it in high school. It, along with "The Cuckoo's Egg", put me on the road to computer science in college. ...more
Max Lybbert
Feb 12, 2011 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Why didn't O'Reilly bother to edit out the unneeded phrases like "known to man" ("the best computer in the world known to man")? A decent editor could have cut 20% out of this book, and made it much better in the process.

Additionally, there are enough cases of deep confusion about technical terms and famous events that I had to research any stories I was not already familiar with to see if the details were correct.

The writing is terrible, punctuated with ridiculous narrative commentary. For inst
Jan 08, 2014 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I don't usually review before finishing but I'm not sure I'll get through this one so might as well.

It's a bloated and repetitive book that focuses on a very specific area and drags it out as far as you can conceivably take it.

The author seems to think the people in the book are extraordinarily interesting, with their petty neuroses and self-centred immaturity, but unfortunately, they are ...not.

Do yourself a favour and watch the excellent films Pirates of Silicon Valley and Micromen instead,
Mar 17, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is divided into three basic sections. The first, about MIT hackers in the 1950's and 1960's, is outstanding. The second, about homebrew hardware culture in the Bay Area in the 1960's and 1970's, is decent but bloated. The third, about game hackers and Sierra On-Line, is mostly worthless. I'd recommend reading the MIT section and then readily giving up on the book after that. ...more
Willian Molinari
Mar 03, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: audio, computers
I'm migrating all my reviews to my blog. I'm keeping the old version here (because it makes sense to do it) but you can read the latest one on my blog:

Great book. John Carmack said it was the most inspiring book for him and I can understand why.

The word Hackers is not the same these days, but the Hacker Ethics still lives in some of the programmers out there. Those guys that keep hacking (and/or programming) for hours and hours just for the joy of create
Nov 23, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
This book got me excited quite a few times. It's less about the history of hackers, or the culture of hacker ethic. It's more about a sort of emergence - when technology and people crossed their paths, and boom!! a new way of thinking emerges.

Humans, after all, are thinking machines. It's more than exciting to find a new way to think. That'd lead to new ways of living. It's what humans created together that's changing the world we live in.

But then, what do I know? When I was luckily selected t
Nov 22, 2008 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I loved this book. It is a documentary about various aspects of computing. The first part is utterly excellent. It is about the birth of the "hacker ethic" around the DEC PDP machine in the MIT AI Lab. It is very funny and very inspiring. Some of the people in that section of the book have disappeared into obscurity, so the book is amazing for capturing this lost part of tech history. The second part is about the personal computer revolution. It covers the Altair machine, the Apple I / II and ot ...more
Steven Deobald
May 10, 2020 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I really, really enjoyed this book. Levy tells the story in a way that flows from one brief era of the early computer age to the next. There is still so much of those early days which defines how we build and use computers in the 21st century. This book should be required reading for any programmer but I honestly think anyone would enjoy it.

Philosophically, there is so much bound up in the Hacker Ethic that I have never heard a hacker (of any sort) express it coherently. When RMS presents it, it
May 20, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
This was a really interesting look at the history of computers as a DIY technology, stretching from the 1950s to the 1980s, when the first edition of it was published.

I find a lot of computer users look at the things like they're magic boxes, likely run by black magic and/or hamsters running in wheels; I confess to having moments where I've felt that way myself, but I'm trying to educate myself a bit more on how computers actually think and operate, and this book helped cement that understandin
Craig Cecil
Feb 24, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: computers, favorites
Let's get this out of the way up front—the term "hackers" here refers to the original ideology of the word from the earlier days of computing, when hackers blazed the trail of our modern hardware and software systems. These are not the modern day denizen hackers of destructive, malicious infamy. Based on this understanding, this book should be required reading for anyone connected with the computing profession. It serves as a rich history of the genesis of modern day computing, from the earliest ...more
Brett Stevens
Mar 04, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This is a book about the early age of hacking before computers controlled so much of our world that "hacking" became a science of exploitation. This is the original meaning of hacking, which is to squeeze extra performance out of equipment by bending the "proper" rules, which often have to do more with administrative control than technological limitations. I find this encouraging as an outlook as it is what all of us should always do to whatever limitations we find in life: work around the unrea ...more
I can overlook some sexism. Especially if a narrative just "forgets" to mention people who aren't men. This book goes a step further to imply that women aren't as good at hacking/math/computers as men which is bullshit. As if the first programmer wasn't a woman (Ada Lovelace). As if the first compiler wasn't written by a woman (Grace Hopper). As if there aren't a million kickass women and non binary folks who are hackers today. I'm frankly astonished that the author thought to almost exclusively ...more
Vasil Kolev
Nov 07, 2011 rated it liked it
Shelves: history, tech
This was somewhat mediocre. The book started ok, with the AI lab in MIT and the hackers there, but then got into some stuff which has nothing to do with hacking in any form, and the focus on Sierra On-line is unjustified.
All things considered, not a useful book beyond the first 100-150 pages.
Nick Black
Mar 23, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
F'n awesome, obviously. Everyone should have read this by now, or by several years ago rather. ...more
Jul 22, 2013 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: technical, e-book
OK. It's too long, and, in places, too long-winded, even semi-religious in its fervour. ...more
Oct 28, 2017 rated it it was amazing
Great insight on the birth and evolution of the hacker mentality and its effects on the computer revolution.
Following the achievements and contributions in the field made by people such as Marvin Minsky (the father of AI), Peter Samson (developer of the Harmony Compiler and "Spacewar!"), Richard Greenblatt and Bill Gosper (considered to be the founders of the first hacker community), Steve Wozniak (co-founder of Apple), Ken and Roberta Williams (founders of Sierra On-line, one of the first comp
Feb 02, 2021 rated it it was amazing
I loved this book. I loved this book back in 1985 when I first read it. But I really loved reading it again in 2021. This 25th-anniversary edition has an appendix where Levy tells us what his hackers are doing today, something I wondered all the while rereading the original story. Get that edition.

Most people today can't remember a time before computers dominated the world. I can. This book is about a handful of people who envisioned the potential of computers back in the late 1950s through the
Oct 14, 2018 rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history, technology, mudre
The first of the three parts is a very enjoyable account of the eldest generation of hackers - their breathless enthusiasm and absolute dedication shines through to the reader as if one was there.
I liked the second part the least, the third one was good again.

It's also very interesting to read a book that maps the relatively obscure hacker culture (back in 1983, when it was first published). The book got popular in the following years, made its own impact on the very culture it described. And
Jul 30, 2011 rated it really liked it
Shelves: grbpp
(4.0) The Hacker Pantheon

Really cool sketches of the hackers we know (or didn't) from early days at MIT up through the dawn of the personal computer. There were a few oddities (claiming brøderbund was Scandinavian for "brotherhood" (last I checked, Scandinavian wasn't a language...think maybe he meant Norwegian?), and that Bill Gates wrote DOS for the IBM PC (didn't he buy it from some guy for like $400?). The only other drawback for me was that some of the early chapters were a bit dull for me
Jun 28, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The bad: The books is extensively long. It's an excruciatingly detailed history of hackers, but still - sometimes too long. Also, there could be a short summary (or several) throughout the chapters. We jump from biography to biography with sometimes very little continuity. I got confused.

The good: It's a great great read. I would say essential for any CS major. I hated the book at the beginning. It was slow, I thought it would never end, and I wasn't really learning anything significative. But t
Aug 08, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
One of my absolute favorite tech-related books of all time. Read it a half-dozen times, at least.

It's somewhat better-written than most of Levy's books (like the painful "In the Plex"), though it bears the same biases that his other work does. I don't know if it's a long-form journalist tendency, but Levy's books and articles all seem to be written as if they're telling The Whole Story, though they are heavily skewed by the people who were most willing to be interviewed extensively. Any writer h
May 28, 2008 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I confess I couldn't finish it! ...more
Sep 15, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
An interesting look at the early hackers & computers. Especially for those in the computer field, it's a fun look at history. Well written & engaging. ...more
Alexander Yepifanov
I think, to almost every person I've ever spoken to, computers and their early history remains opaque and somewhat intimidating. Hackers is a worthy attempt to remedy this.

Hackers is well researched and thorough, successfully tracing the convoluted route from punchcards to breadboards, wires and transistors all the way to the first versions of the spreadsheets-and-emails black box that sits on most office desks today. Levy focuses heavily on the people that drove this revolution - from the anarc
Eric Mesa
This book is the story of the beginning of computers, written in the 1980s. I'd already read about many of the events portrayed in the book via other books or magazine articles. But this was nice and detailed. I like Steven Levy's style. He really brings the people profiled to life. Knowing where computers have ended up - which companies and movements have won - makes it an especially interesting read compared to when it was first published and people weren't sure where the industry was going or ...more
Sumit Gouthaman
Jul 01, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: technology, history
This book plays out in 3 parts.

The first part chronicles the adventures of a group of programming enthusiasts in MIT's AI lab in the 70s. They wrote useful utilities for the first generation of computers like TX-0, PDP6, etc. They believed in freely giving away all programs they wrote.

The second part is the story of hardware hackers in California who dreamt of new machines and wrote the initial software to make those machines come to life. This section includes the initial experiences of now-fam
Sebastian Gebski
Jan 09, 2019 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Awesome, yet somehow overblown chronicle of the original "hacker" culture.

If you know a bit about the history of software engineering, you probably (90%) know that who current pop culture considers a "hacker" is far from the traditional meaning of this word. This book gets even deeper - to the group of original hackers who rocked the computer industry before 82-83.

But, is it a good book? For a geek, sure it is. There are some well-known facts (e.g. about Wozniak), but there are also some far les
Nikhil Thota
Apr 14, 2021 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: computing
I've recently picked up the desire to learn more about the history of computers. How did society get to a point where computers are so intricately woven into our lives? Hackers by Steven Levy was my first foray into the space — Levy has carved of a manageable time period (~40 years) and a small enough niche (the original Hackers) that this book serves as a canonical dissertation on one of the core tenets of computing: The Hacker Ethic.

Before diving any deeper, a definition of hacker needs to be
Feb 15, 2021 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Wow. This is a long book but really good, and it resonated with me a lot. It made me wish that instead of focusing on playing video games so much as a kid that I had somehow got into programming them. But as well as that, it still got me fired up for my daily work (and after hours work too) to try and hack a new world for myself and for others. What a book. Highly recommend it to anyone interested in computer programming’s origins.
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Steven Levy is editor at large at Wired, and author of eight books, including the new Facebook: the Inside Story, the definitive history of that controversial company. His previous works include the legendary computer history Hackers, Artificial Life, the Unicorn 's Secret, In the Plex (the story of Google, chose as Amazon and Audible's best business book of 2011), and Crypto, which won the Frankf ...more

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