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The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon

4.1  ·  Rating details ·  2,437 Ratings  ·  84 Reviews
Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, a political economist, and a revolutionary. Marx addressed a wide range of issues; he is most famous for his analysis of history, summed up in the opening line of the introduction to the Communist Manifesto (1848): "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. " Marx believed that c ...more
Paperback, 116 pages
Published February 13th 2009 by Dodo Press (first published 1852)
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Ahmad Sharabiani
Der 18te Brumaire des Louis Napoleon = Der achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte = The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Karl Marx
تاریخ نخستین خوانش: سی و یکم ماه می سال 1974 میلادی
عنوان: هجدهم برومر (نهم نوامبر) لوئی بناپارت؛ اثر: کارل مارکس؛ ترجمه: محمد پورهرمزان؛ مشخصات نشر: بیجا، بینام،1353، مشخصات ظاهری: 110 ص، عکس، نمونه، چاپ دوم، فرانسه -- تاریخ-- کودتا، 1851م. انقلاب فوریه، 1848 م. جمهوری دوم، 1848 - 1852 م.
ادامه اثر دیگر مارکس بنام «مبارزه طبقاتی در فرانسه از سال 1848 تا 1850 م
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
دوستانِ گرانقدر، این کتاب تاریخی - سیاسی، که از آثار مشهورِ <کارل مارکس> میباشد، در مورد <لوئی بناپارت> برادر زادهٔ ناپلئون بناپارت مشهور است که چگونه در سال 1848 به عنوانِ رئیس جمهور فرانسه برگزیده شد و مهمتر از همه آنکه: چگونه توانست با کمک نیروهای پشت پرده، در سال 1851 کودتا کرده و مجلس فرانسه را منحل کند و به عنوان پادشاهی رسیده و خود را ناپلئون سوم بنامد
در زمان خواندنِ این کتاب بارها جمهوری اسلامی را با رویدادهایی که در فرانسهٔ آن زمان پیش آمد مقایسه میکردم، و همین موضوع برایم ج
Gregory Sadler
I'd like to specify before launching into my review of this excellent work of analysis that I'm neither a Marxist nor even someone on the Left (though I once was). I do still grant and appreciate the role of economic conditions and relations in conditioning what occurs in politics, culture, law, and religion, but I don't see the economic sphere as determining, or even as predominating, the other dimensions of human existence.

That's actually one of the lessons that comes through in this brilliant
Anthony Buckley
Just the best piece of political analysis ever written.
Willow L
Jan 20, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Finished this on the day of Trump's inauguration - apposite.
Karlo Mikhail
Jan 15, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
Classic. Doubly relevant with the contemporary fascist upsurge
Muhip Tezcan
Feb 13, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Güzel kitap. Fransa cumhuriyete geçti demokratikleşiyo mu falan derken bi tane adam var, popülist söylemlerle halk tarafından cumhurbaşkanı seçiliyo. Darbe yapıp bütün yetkileri kendinde topluyo, muhalefeti susturuyo, en son da meclisi kapatıp kendini imparator ilan ediyo. Fransa'yı savaşa sokuyo.
Savaşta yenilince kaçıp gidiyo, Paris Komünü kuruluyo vs. ama o kısımlar bu kitapta yok.

Ha bi de Marx köylüleri patatese benzetiyo.
tom bomp
Idiosyncratic and often tough to follow but ultimately valuable as an example of Marx's historical method. Sometimes loses focus or doesn't really make itself clear - there were quite a few sentences that seemed to be missing a clause, a few times he describes a class acting against its class interest as if it's normal, some other stuff I should have noted down. The last couple sections are the best, I think, although I might just have been in a better mood reading them. He often assumes knowled ...more
Jun 30, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: francia
Creo que lo hubiera disfrutado mucho más si tuviera un mejor conocimiento sobre la historia de Francia durante los siglos XVIII y XIX. Creo que es un ensayo de teoría política muy bueno, pero no llegué a sacarle jugo porque las discusiones en las que anda me resultaron bastante ajenas, entonces me costó hacer el link con alguna cosa que me sea más familiar. Muy bueno leer a Marx haciendo más "opinión" que "teoría".

"Tampoco debe creerse que los representantes democráticos son todos shopkeepers o
Aug 25, 2007 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: communists and socialists
This piece is a demonstration of a social scientist's theoretical evolution over time. For my first couple years in college, I was unsure of my theoretical standing. On my good days, I believe in the good of humanity and anarchy in its true sense; on bad days, I know people are terrible and am a communist even though democracy is still probably the most plausible (if it actually worked).

Then I began reading Marx fully, not just the required segments. I realized that this piece is the mile-marker
Feb 16, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: سياسة
«يصنع الناس تاريخهم بيدهم، لكنهم لا يصنعونه على هواهم، إنهم لا يصنعونه في ظروف يختارونها هم بأنفسهم، بل في ظروف يواجَهون بها، وهي معطاة ومنقولة لهم من الماضي. إن تقاليد جميع الأجيال الغابرة تجثم كالكابوس على أدمغة الأحياء، وعندما يبدو هؤلاء منشغلون فقط في تحويل أنفسهم والاشياء المحيطة بهم، في فترات الأزمات الثورية على وجه التحديد، نراهم يلجؤون في وجل وسحر إلى استحضار أرواح الماضي.. لكي يمثلوا مسرحية جديدة على مسرح التاريخ العالمي..»

كتب كارل ماركس هذا الكتاب بين كانون أول 1851 وآذار 1852 ونشر في
Daniel Wright
I have no idea how accurate the history of the events described in this book actually is. The analysis is extremely dense and difficult to follow, but this is slightly beside the point. This book is an attempt to put into practice the principle stated so famously at the beginning of The Communist Manifesto: 'The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.'

The problem is, that this is nonsense. While it is certainly the case that class antagonism can be a driving f
Très éclairant sur une période de l'histoire de France que je ne connaissais que fort mal. Karl Marx raconte avec beaucoup de détails les différentes étapes de la prise du pouvoir par Napoléon III, et la chute de la seconde république née de la révolution de 1848. Sans vouloir rien retirer aux mérites de l'auteur, j'ai un peu regretté que les actions des protagonistes ne soient éclairées que du point de vue de l’intérêt. L'indignation, pierre sur laquelle s'aiguise la vertu, et parfois très part ...more
David Nichols
It's probably not a good idea to attempt this long essay unless one is A) comfortable with the author's heavy, Germanic prose style, and B) familiar with the history of the short-lived, unlamented Second French Republic. Assuming both of these conditions pertain, though, the Eighteenth Brumaire is well worth the time invested in it; it contains some of Marx's bitchiest invective and concludes with a startling observation about the first French Revolution. (Namely, that its winners were not the b ...more
Aug 05, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"La historia se repite dos veces, primero como tragedia, despues como farsa"
Libro realizado por Marx meses despues del golpe de Estado de Luis Bonaparte en 1851.
Análisis histórico, político y económico de este proceso. En cada capítulo se asoman fugaces las ideas fundamentales que Marx desarrollaría más tarde. Tiene una prosa bastante irónica y ácida, mezclada con figuras literarias bastante poéticas, y un sin número de referencias literarias y culturales; que demuestran que el autor era una p
Dec 30, 2009 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: social-theory
I really struggled with this - but I had downloaded it from and it didn't really have an introduction or notes - I think Marx is making many very clever asides and observations throughout which, due to my complete lack of knowledge of post-Nepoleon French politics, barely made a whizzing sound as they flew straight over my head. I'll have to track down a penguin edition of this or something that explains all his jokes.
Hunter Tidwell
Jul 13, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This is Marx at his most poetic. A stunning account of the rise of Napoleon III from a standpoint that does more to elucidate the mechanism of historical materialism than it does to account for one mere revolution in its own right. Marx assumes a hefty knowledge of the events in France from the reader, and this is in my view an error on his part - as such, many of the allusions will fly over the first time reader's head, and the onslaught of French names are often not explained in their context. ...more
Se lee como análisis político más que como periodismo. Marx arranca in medias res, y algunas consultas a la wikipedia son inevitables. Al cubrir un evento histórico concreto tiene que introducir algunos matices a su esquema sociológico por la intervención del campesinado y del "lumpenproletariado", dos conceptos que a los marxistas posteriores les dieron muchos problemas. Para Marx la primera es una clase transicional políticamente incapaz de adoptar una misión histórica, y la segunda es una esp ...more
Aug 16, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
excellent work of history; went into this knowing essentially nothing of the Bonaparte the nephew or 19th century France post-Restoration and feel as if I've come out with a decent base knowledge of events. Marx excellently elucidates his often oversimplified theories of capitalism and historical materialism here, hashing out some of the idiosyncrasies of bourgeois rule in the particular context. i believe a focus on the particular (actors, events and contexts) as opposed to the basic structural ...more
Bernardo Kaiser
Jan 25, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Some eerie similarities with the current state of events in Brazil
Feb 17, 2018 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, politics
Each paragraph of the Constitution contains its own antithesis … freedom as a generalization, the abolition of freedom as a specification.


The parliament had pronounced itself for him, but the Constitution pronounced itself against the parliament. Accordingly, he acted both in the sense of the parliament when he tore up the Constitution and in the sense of the Constitution when he chased away the parliament.’

Marx depicts in charming verse the foolish contradictions which create political dysfun
Brilliant and beyond comprehensive. Every sentence, every clause is packed with information and revelation in that inexorable Marxist fashion. Not only does Marx portray the [in retrospect, inevitable] self-dissolution of the Parisian bourgeoisie and representative democracy, but he outlines the fundamental factors encouraging such a reflexive abrogation in a way that's eerily prescient. The specter of a class dictatorship outweighed the prospect of dictatorship in one man, and the result was Lo ...more
Vittorio Ducoli
Feb 23, 2013 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Attualità di Marx

L'altro giorno, 14 marzo, ricorreva il 130° anniversario della morte di Karl Marx.
Per puro caso, nello stesso giorno ho finito di leggere Il 18 brumaio di Luigi Bonaparte, che ritengo uno dei testi fondamentali per addentrarsi nelle idee di questo grandissimo pensatore e per apprezzarne appieno l'attualità, a dispetto della vulgata interessata che vorrebbe il pensiero marxiano solo un retaggio del passato.
Un primo elemento a favore di questo testo è il tema. Non si tratta di un
In his book Thinking the 20th Century Tony Judt says this is the place to start reading Marx, because it has his best thought on history and revolution and such.
That may be true (I'm no Marx expert) in terms of it having his best thought, but I suggest not starting here unless you're an expert in mid-19th century French history.
Feb 28, 2018 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Marx's analysis of this particular period in French history has many analogues in contemporary U.S. politics and class structure. Highly recommended for anyone trying to make sense of the political happenings in the U.S. since 2016.
"Einer Nation und einer Frau wird die unbewachte Stunde nicht verziehen, worin der erste beste Abenteurer ihnen Gewalt antun konnte."

Garl Mark's
Gustie La
Jan 07, 2018 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It's Marx at his most approachable and currently topical - still it's from 1852 and that shows a bit.
Ali Reda
Dec 22, 2014 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"The parliamentary republic, in its struggle against the revolution, found itself compelled to strengthen the means and the centralization of governmental power with repressive measures. All revolutions perfected this machine instead of breaking it. The parties, which alternately contended for domination, regarded the possession of this huge state structure as the chief spoils of the victor".

Karl Marx wrote this book, on an entirely different event 52 years later, It dealt with the 2 December 18
Pierre E. Loignon
Il n’y a aucun doute, si la doctrine matérialiste de Marx ne peut être appliquée partout sans susciter quelques doutes, sa puissance heuristique s’impose lorsqu’il est question d’expliquer les variations dans la qualité de son écriture. En effet, alors que ses analyses faites en France font état d’un esprit dialectique très fin et à l’ironie fertile, celles qu’il produira dans la misère à Londres montrent toujours une intelligence exceptionnelle, mais leur style est désormais d’une lourdeur asso ...more
Jacques le fataliste et son maître
Cronaca serrata e analisi illuminante del processo di dissoluzione che colpì la Seconda Repubblica francese (nata nel 1848) e ne provocò la morte sotto il colpo di Stato del dicembre 1851 di Luigi Bonaparte (l’impero sarà proclamato solo nel 1852).
Marx descrive le forze in campo – “partito dell’ordine” (monarchici legittimisti e orleanisti: repubblicani controvoglia), borghesi repubblicani “puri”, Montagna democratica, proletariato… –, i loro conflitti, le fughe in avanti, i voltafaccia, le alle
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In 1818, Karl Marx, descended from a long line of rabbis, was born in Prussian Rhineland. Marx's' father converted to Protestantism shortly before Karl's birth. Educated at the Universities of Bonn, Jena, and Berlin, Marx founded the Socialist newspaper Vorwarts in 1844 in Paris. After being expelled from France at the urging of the Prussian government, which "banished" Marx in absentia, Marx stud ...more
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Hegel remarks somewhere that all great, world-historical facts and personages occur, as it were, twice. He has forgotten to add: the first time as tragedy, the second as farce.” 308 likes
“The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living.” 19 likes
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