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Critique de la raison pratique

3.89  ·  Rating details ·  7,550 Ratings  ·  73 Reviews
This seminal text in the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant's moral theory, gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will, and develops his practical metaphysics. This new edition, prepared by an acclaimed translator and scholar of Kant's practical philosophy, presents the first new translation of the wo ...more
Paperback, nouvelle édition, 192 pages
Published by PUF (first published 1788)
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Jonathan

Immanuel Kant is what I suppose one would call a 'practical philosopher' in that he is not primarily concerned with the more abstract thoughts of philosophy. Rather his philosophy, as expressed in this book, is one about how practical philosophy, or practical reason, works. He makes a distinction at the beginning of his book between the subjective and the objective, suggesting that practical reason is about making the subjective objective.

This book begins with a section about defining practical
...more
Roy Lotz
Jul 21, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Hume, by his criticism of the concept of causality, awakened him from his dogmatic slumber—so at least he says, but the awakening was only temporary, and he soon invented a soporific that enabled him to sleep again.
—Bertrand Russell, A History of Western Philosophy


When I first read that opening salvo of Russell’s chapter on Kant, I thought it rather unfair towards the German monk. But now, after digesting Kant’s philosophy a little more, I can’t help but agree. In fact, I more than agree—I think
...more
Ioannis Savvas
Ο Immanuel Kant είναι ένας κολοσσός της διανόησης του Δυτικού Πολιτισμού. Ηθικολόγος και ορθολογιστής, έδωσε νέα κατεύθυνση στην Ευρωπαϊκή φιλοσοφία. Η «Κριτική του πρακτικού Λόγου» (1788) αποτελεί ουσιαστικά τη βάση της καντιανής ηθικής. Όλο το έργο συνοψίζεται στην προσταγή: «Πράττε έτσι, ώστε ο γνώμονας της θέλησής σου να μπορεί πάντοτε να ισχύει συγχρόνως ως αρχή μιας καθολικής νομοθεσίας», που αποτελεί το θεμελιώδη νόμο του καθαρού πρακτικού Λόγου.

Το κείμενο είναι ένα πυκνογραμμένο «τεχνικό
...more
Erik Graff
Jun 23, 2008 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: Cornel West
Shelves: philosophy
The first two critiques constitue a unit so far as their main argument goes. The Critique of Pure Reason establishes that while humans can imagine things in themselves (ideas), they can only know things as they are given to them (concepts). The gap between our conceptional understanding and our rational ideas is unbridgeable, requiring, even under the best of circumstances, an infinite induction which we, as finite beings, are incapable of. Furthermore, the First Critique establishes that while ...more
Cemre
Mar 13, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Ben de bittim dostlar...
Paradoxe
Το βιβλίο αυτό με δυσκόλεψε περισσότερο από άλλα που έχω διαβάσει όχι λόγω νοημάτων, όσο λόγω της ξύλινης γλώσσας που θυμίζει νομικούς κώδικες. Επέμεινα όμως σ' αυτό, περισσότερο απ' ότι έχω κάνει με άλλα στο παρελθόν, κυρίως επειδή θεωρώ φίλο το Σοπενάουερ και ως τώρα οι ''συμβουλές'' του με βοήθησαν στην προσωπική μου εξέλιξη, με κυριότερες βέβαια ''γνωριμίες'', τον Αριστοτέλη, το Σενέκα, τον Πλούταρχο, τον Κικέρων και το Χιούμ. Ωστόσο, υπάρχει μια ιδιαιτερότητα στην οποία δεν έδωσα ποτέ τη δέ ...more
Rowland Bismark
Jun 03, 2010 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
It is difficult to overestimate Kant's influence in philosophy. Even those who reject his explicit theories often use his terms, whether by wondering how it could be possible for something to be "synthetic" (not a matter of meaning) and yet "a priori" (knowable independent of experience), or by asking what is the source of an ethical "imperative." Kant has sometimes been credited for almost single-handedly creating the German philosophical tradition, and it certainly is hard to imagine what Hege ...more
Robert
Oct 19, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I'm torn by this book. While I appreciate Kant's moral philosophy pivoting around duty (i.e., the worthiness of moral actions out of duty as opposed to out of socialization), the metaphysical "proofs" leave much to be desired. Foremost of these "proofs" is that Kant sees freedom as necessary if duty is to be meaningful. In other words, if we are not free to choose our duty, or if we are fatalistically bound to the choices we only appear to make, then morality for Kant is a hollow form. So, out o ...more
Josh
Oct 29, 2007 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
i still can't reconcile myself with his philosophy of moral deontology. the supposed "universal maxim" makes no sense to me. i think morality depends on situations. doing something consistently is not always the right thing to do. his concepts are too far into the realm of abstraction, and although he calls it practical reason, there's nothing practical about it. it refuses to enter into the realm of every day life.
Bruce McCuskey
Jun 20, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A review will be posted in time.
Naranobel
sekedar membaca, belum menangkap apa2
masih butuh mengulang2 kembali membaca buku ini

"namun kebajikan dalam hal ini sangat bernilai hanya karena dia sangat mahal, bukan karena membawa keuntungan"
Yann
Sep 01, 2011 rated it really liked it
Un renard n’avait jamais vu de lion. Or le hasard le mit un jour en face de ce fauve. Comme il le voyait pour la première fois, il eut une telle frayeur qu’il faillit en mourir. L’ayant rencontré une deuxième fois, il eut peur encore, mais pas autant que la première fois. Mais à la troisième fois qu’il le vit, il s’enhardit jusqu’à s’en approcher et à causer avec lui.
Cette fable d'Esope montre que l’accoutumance adoucit même les choses effrayantes.

Il est beaucoup plus aisé de lire la critique de
...more
Mark
Aug 11, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The same way that he did with critique of pure reason, he makes a jump to talking about religion that I don't feel like I totally understand. I feel like I understand his personal motives for it, but I'm not totally sure I agree with the jump. Either way, I thought the sort of (let's call it a) "reason hierarchy" was interesting. Although I had heard the idea of axiomatic law countless times in schools, understanding Kant's actual reasoning behind the argument was interesting.

I read this book qu
...more
Nick Bond
While Critique of Pure Reason had a lot of brilliant insights that made me rethink the way I look at major philosophical questions, I was much less impressed with this critique. There were some interesting ideas (the categorical imperative stands out), but it felt mostly like an elaborate rationalization of Christianity, with a noticeably pre-Darwin take on the conscience and moral law. Add onto that Kant's characteristically obscure writing style and you're left with something less than a page- ...more
Bruno
Jul 18, 2017 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
A bit of a disappointment. Of course this is an important work, of course everybody should read it. There are gems of moral philosophy in it, but the part where he tried two times to define freedom seems lacking. Then later, when he tries to lie the foundations of his practical philosophy in God, Immortality and Freedom, I was really disappointed in how artificial this construction seemed to me. He tries to save these core concepts but in my opinion and with what we know now, he fails. Thats a s ...more
Preston
May 05, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and reverence, the more frequently and persistently one's meditation deals with them: the starry sky above me and the moral law within me."

Analytic: 5/5, Dialectic: 3/5
Daniel Skilbeck
May 20, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Far too analytical, no practical value
Danny Marrone
Jul 29, 2017 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Extremely repetitive. Life is too short to read Kant
Román Esqueda atayde
Influencias en Peirce
Jurbler
Jul 18, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Does free will exist? Does time exist? Does God exist? I Kant even right now
mohab samir
May 13, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites, فلسفة
السعى هو جوهر الوجود الإنسانى . والنية هى جوهر الفعل الأخلاقى .
https://twitter.com/mohaab89/status/7...
Luis A R Branco
Jan 22, 2017 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: lidos-em-2017
A Crítica da Razão Prática contém duas seções, a Doutrina dos Elementos, contendo a Análise da Razão Prática Pura e a Dialética da Razão Prática Pura. Em geral, o Analítico contém os argumentos para o imperativo categórico como o único princípio moral verdadeiro e para a identidade de moralidade e liberdade, a Dialética expõe o erro primário de todos os éticos anteriores e propõe os postulados da pura razão prática ea Doutrina do Método Propõe um novo método para a educação moral. Uma lei, diz K ...more
Matt
Jul 26, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Kant wants rules. Firm, unbending and uncomplicated. This desire is neatly summed up in Book I: “To be consistent is the greatest obligation of a philosopher, and yet consistency is most rarely encountered.” Bk. I, pg. 37. Kant is welcomingly more accessible in Critique of Practical Reason in comparison to some of his earlier works. It’s almost… straightforward.

If I get what he’s saying, it’s actually pretty simple. One cannot derive what is good or bad from the outcome. The world is not necess
...more
ZaRi
wo things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and the more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within. I have not to search for them and conjecture them as though they were veiled in darkness or were in the transcendent region beyond my horizon; I see them before me and connect them directly with the consciousness of my existence. The former begins from the place I occupy in the external world of sense, and enlarges my co ...more
Billie Pritchett
Immanuel Kant argues in Critique of Practical Reason that anything that would count as morality would have to be based on principles that we would hold up as universal: we have to have the same moral principles for ourselves as for everyone else, and vice versa. Kant doesn't tell us what the moral principles are, and realisticially speaking it would be quite difficult to find moral principles that we could hold up unconditionally. That issue aside, Kant further believes that we are truly free wh ...more
محمد ناصر
Aug 01, 2012 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
إنه كتاب يظهر فيه كانط مقدرته الفائقة على المراوغة والتظاهر بمظر التأسيس والنقد كما سبق أن فعل في كتابه نقض العقل المحض محاولا النفي لجدة أي تفسير غير تفسيره ومعقولية أي مقولة غير ما يبينه فيسقط التفسيرات المناسبة لهواه على أفكار الآخرين ليتأتى له النقض عليها وتصنيفها في خانة المرفوض ليكون تأسيسه المزعوم مستأثرابمرتبة القبول هذا مضافا أنه قد عمد إلى تغيير الاصطلاحات والتسميات والإصرار على عدم اتحاد مؤداها مع المصطلحات السائدة والمستعملة عند من ناوأهم خصوصا أمثال لايبتنز وفولف المعاصرين أو أرسطو ...more
Alex Lee
Aug 12, 2015 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is surprisingly small. But I suppose its interplay between pure (speculative) reason and pure practical reason must be given its own book... the context of this exchange was given already in Critique of Pure Reason. In a sense, the first critique is a book criticizing the useless illusions of metaphysics. This second critique is a book criticizing the pointless misdirection of inductive, empirical (practical) reason. Thus, this book is to encourage the mix of two.

Between the untouchabl
...more
Kipriadi prawira
Good philosophical book for educators. Particularly in the Doctrine of Method, Kant proposes a method for teaching morality. It’s essential to teach the student to act from duty, n not merely outwardly, conforming to morality. Kant recommends that we enlist our pupil's natural delight in arguing about ethical matters n allow him to develop his judgment by asserting various purported moral actions. We’re warned not to either err by presenting examples of overblown heroism as paradigms of morality ...more
Eva
Sep 08, 2016 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I would actually give it a 4,5, but only because Kant's one of those great philosophers that writes like a person who was as righteous as he was.
I don't enjoy his manner of writing and that's mostly my pet peeve, but Kant' philosophy is one of the most amazing thought in history of philosophy.

I reccomend this to any person that enjoys philosophy and classical authors.
JP
May 18, 2013 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I found this work very hard to follow. Kant is differentiating what can be determined by reason. He focuses on discovering what can be determined by will (i.e., there is freedom to select something) vs. what already exists a priori. This search for both flexible and inflexible "truth" leads to a discussion of spirituality, and good and bad. The difference between Kant and others is that Kant seeks to "harmonize" rather than reconcile" philosophical points. The Fundamental Law of Pure, Practical ...more
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Immanuel Kant was an 18th-century philosopher from Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia). He's regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe & of the late Enlightenment. His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself. It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics & epistemology, & highlights his own contributi ...more
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“Two things fill the mind with ever-increasing wonder and awe, the more often and the more intensely the mind of thought is drawn to them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me.” 241 likes
“Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the more often and steadily we reflect upon them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me. I do not seek or conjecture either of them as if they were veiled obscurities or extravagances beyond the horizon of my vision; I see them before me and connect them immediately with the consciousness of my existence.” 132 likes
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