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The Problems of Philosophy

3.91  ·  Rating details ·  9,620 Ratings  ·  382 Reviews
This accessibly clear little book is a stimulating guide to those problems of philosophy which often mistakenly make the subject seem too lofty & abstruse for laypersons.
Appearance & reality
The existence of matter
The nature of matter
Idealism
Knowledge by acquaintance & knowledge by description
On induction
On our knowledge of general principles
How a Priori knowl
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Kindle Edition
Published (first published January 1912)
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Manny
Plato, in the Symposium, was perhaps the first person to consider the question of the "unliked review". If a review never receives any votes, can it truly be said to exist? This problem has tormented many of the world's greatest philosophers. Bishop Berkeley's famous answer is that God reads and likes every review, hence they all exist. Even at the time, this was not universally considered satisfactory; Rousseau's reply, le compte de Dieu est privé, is widely quoted as the standard objection.

By
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Jean
Jan 07, 2014 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Jean by: Chris
The Problems of Philosophy was written in 1912 as an early attempt by its author to create a brief and accessible guide to the problems of philosophy. Bertrand Russell is considered to be one of the founders of analytic philosophy, and is also widely held to be one of the 20th century's premier logicians. He is generally thought to be one of the most important philosophers of the past two hundred years. Extremely prolific and influential, he was awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1950. No ...more
Stephen M
May 07, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy


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Are you tired of having to sit at your computer and type. every. single. word. all. day. long?

Modern times are roug
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peiman-mir5 rezakhani
به مانند دیگر آثار این فیلسوف گرانقدر، این کتاب هم تا صفحه آخر کاری میکنه که از خواندن مسائل فلسفی فقط و فقط لذت ببرید، خبری از واژه ها و حتی جملات قلمبه سلمبه ای که در کتب فلاسفه دیگر ( به غیر از آرتور شوپنهاور بزرگ ) میخواندید، نیست
مهمتر از همه اینکه در این کتاب، راسل بیشتر تلاش کرده تا موضوعاتی که به ماده و حقیقت و معرفت، مربوط هستش رو برای شما دوستان اهل مطالعه، شفاف سازی کنه و به بهترین نحو ممکن شرح بده و در مورد چرت و پرت هایی مثل، مسائل ما بعد الطبیعه و خیلی از موضوعات غیر عقلی و دینی که
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Amin Dorosti
این کتاب راسل که بی شک یکی از بهترین کتابهای اوست سالهاست که به عنوان یکی از کتاب های مقدماتی فلسفه و برای آشنایی با فلسفه مورد توجه اهالی فلسفه قرار گرفته است و در واقع به یک اثر کلاسیک تبدیل شده است. با این حال شاید این کتاب برای کسی که آشنایی قبلی با فلسفه ندارد سنگین و تا حدی خسته کننده باشد. به ویژه این روزها که کتابهای بسیار ساده تر و جذاب تری برای آشنایی با فلسفه نوشته شده اند. با این حال این کتاب هم جایگاه خاص خود را در آشنایی با فلسفه دارد و یکی از منابعی است ک هر دانشجوی فلسفه باید حدا ...more
Brian
Aug 02, 2016 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
An excellent introductory to the layperson (me) on some basics of philosophy; the final section is a beautifully written piece on why philosophy is important and how it enriches humanity.
Abdulla Awachi
مراجعة كتاب مشكلات الفلسفة
لـ برتراند راسل

أولاً: التعليق على العنوان:
قد يُفهم من العنوان مشكلات بمعنى مشاكل و عقد في حين أن المراد الحقيقي هو قضايا الفلسفة التي يتعرض لها الكاتب بالتوضيح و هي مجموعة من القضايا الفلسفية القديمة و المعاصرة.

ثانياً: عن الكتاب:
الكتاب هو توطئة عامة لقضايا الفلسفة المتداولة من ضمنها : الابسيتمولوجيا ، المادة و ما وراء المادة ، المعرفة القبلية و البعدية، الحقيقة و الخطأ ، الاستقراء و أخيراً يختتم بفصل عن قيمة الفلسفة و أهمية دراستها خصوصاً في عصر الطغيان الدوغمائي أو ال
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hayatem
May 16, 2016 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: أخرى
مشكلات الفلسفة من جهة ( الأصول، الكليات والأسس) التي يقوم أو يبنى عليها موضوع ما، كان حديث رسل في هذا الكتاب وفق تصوراته الخاصة والعامة والناطقة بعقله التحليلي .

استند رسل في رؤياه وتساؤلاته المعرفية على النقد الفاحص والفلسفي والتمحيص الدقيق متبعاً "الشك المنهجي " + كل مايعتمل في العقل من تناقض.

ناقش رسل مشكلات الفلسفة وفق المبادئ العامة للنظرية و المتعلقة بالنظم الفلسفية غالباً ودون تعمق أو حسم كامل.

أهم النقاط المطروحة في صدر الكتاب :
-مبادئ المعرفة /ك" الشكل المعرفي والبنية المنطقية."
-إشكال الح
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Roy Lotz
Sep 16, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Bertrand Russell is such a gentleman. He writes in lucid, clear prose filled with insight and occasional brilliance. He manages to compress enormous, complex debates into just a few paragraphs, and belies an encyclopedic knowledge of Western philosophy. The book is a gem, and sparkles with subtlety and charm.

But gentlemen can be dry. His prose marches forward but never leaps and dances, his mind is a logical machine impervious to emotion, his philosophy is not a philosophy of life and art, but o
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Amelia
Sep 07, 2007 rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Turns out that philosophy has many problems
Trevor Price
This book is intended to be an epistemology primer, but I think it fails pretty hard at that. It reminds me of a Big Bang episode when Sheldon attempts to teach Penny physics:

"Now, Introduction to physics. What is physics? Physics comes from the ancient Greek word physika. Physika means the science of natural things. And it is a warm summer evening in ancient Greece that our story begins..."


In writing this book, Russell seemed very conscientious of an audience unseasoned in philosophy, so he oft
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Pink
Jan 31, 2014 rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
The synopsis for this book says -

This accessibly clear little book is a stimulating guide to those problems of philosophy which often mistakenly make the subject seem too lofty & abstruse for laypersons.

So it includes passages like -

When a case of acquaintance is one with which I can be acquainted (as I am acquainted with my acquaintance with the sense-datum representing the sun), it is plain that the person acquainted is myself. Thus, when I am acquainted with my seeing the sun, the whole
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Hadrian
A mis titled book - rather, Some Problems of Philosophy of the late 19th and early 20th century, Many of Which Have Been Addressed.

Discusses epistemology, absolutes, a priori and a posteriori knowledge, truth and falsehood. It does these very well. A quite reasonable introduction on basic problems.

But it's still very interesting, and Russell is one of the most readable of the philosophers. Dare I say it, his style actually flows well.
Nelson Zagalo
Jul 29, 2015 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Um livro de introdução à filosofia moderna, simplesmente brilhante. Não é por acaso que Bernard Russell recebeu o Nobel em 1950, a sua capacidade expositiva e empática, para dar conta de problemáticas complexas - como a realidade, verdade, conhecimento, método científico, entre outros - é impressionante. Ao longo de pouco mais de 100 páginas, Russell apresenta, num modo de grande simplicidade, alguns dos temas mais relevantes, de sempre, da filosofia, convidando-nos para o debate.

É verdade que n
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Brandon
Jul 19, 2012 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
One of the first classic works of philosophy I read as a whole, as opposed to merely excerpts in my first-year textbook. It is very dated now, being 100 years old, but it is interesting both as a historical document and as an introduction to some of the concerns of twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy, and in some cases, philosophy throughout history.

Russell's prose is simple and easy to understand, but quite often the conclusions he reaches which he believes to be obvious or intuitive ha
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Gaurav
May 23, 2013 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A great work of philosophical inquiry by Russell; the book explains the basic problems of philosophy in a very interesting manner. The books talks on the famous problem - 'existence of matter'. This seminal work of Russell discusses the real purpose of philosophy; the purpose that ought to be rather than what it is supposed to be.
Yann
J'avais reçu ce livre à 18 ans, sans jamais avoir eu le courage de le lire, et il a fallu attendre des lustres avant que je sois en état de m'y intéresser. Dans cet ouvrage, Bertrand Russel, un philosophe anglais écrit à la veille du premier conflit mondial au sujet de connaissance, reprenant un thème ouvert depuis le Théétète de Platon. Comme presque tous les philosophe anglais, il met un point d'honneur à exposer ses idées avec clarté, afin de les mettre à la portée du plus grand nombre, sans ...more
Mateo R.
En el capítulo 1, "Apariencia y realidad", Russell plantea que es plausible dudar de la realidad de los objetos físicos que nos rodean. Afirma que los datos de los sentidos (lo que nos es inmediatamente conocido en la sensación: colores, sonidos, olores, durezas, asperezas, etc.) no determinan la forma "real" de un objeto físico sino tan solo su apariencia. Los datos de los sentidos varían con condiciones como la posición, la luz y la presión, y esto nos induce a desconfiar de ellos. El objeto r ...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
در این مختصر بحث خود را منحصر به آن قسمت از مسائل فلسفه ساخته ام که درباره آنها میتوان اظهار نظر مثبت کرد زیرا در یک چنین کتابی جای بحث و انتقاد منفی نیست. از این جهت بحث معرفت از بحث وجود و مابعدالطبیعه به معنی اخص بیشتر آمده است و بعضی مطالب که فیلسوفان دیگر به تفصیل از آن سخن گفته اند به اختصار برگزار شده و حتی حذف گردیده است. در نوشتن کتاب از آثار منتشر نشده «جرج ادوارد مور» و «جان مینارد کینز» استفاده کرده ام از اولی درباره رابطه میان داده های حس و اعیان واقعیه و از دومی در باب احتمال و است ...more
ندا
"الفلسفة، وإن لم تقدر على إخبارنا بشكل قاطع بالإجابة الصحيحة للشكوك التي تطرحها، فإنها قادرة على طرح العديد من الاحتمالات التي توسّع أفكارنا وتحررها من طاغوت العُرف.
إذًا؛ في حين يتلاشى شعورنا اليقيني فيما يتعلق بماهية الأشياء، فإن معارفنا المتعلقة بما يمكن أن تكون عليه تزيد إلى حدٍّ كبير؛ وتنفض الدوغمائية المتغطرسة عن أولئك الذين لم يرتحلوا يومًا إلى منطقة تحرر الشكوك، وتُبقي حسّ الدهشة فينا حيًا بإظهار الأشياء المُعتادة من منظورٍ غير مألوف."
Ahmed Oraby
هو أكيد إن الابستمولوجيا أهم مشكلة فلسفية - على الأقل بالنسبة لراسل - لكن الأكيد أنها مش المشكلة الوحيدة
Tim
Jan 22, 2011 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The title’s a misnomer – the book is almost exclusively about epistemology, or theory of knowledge. This reflects the narrowing of philosophy’s scope in the English-speaking world 100 years ago, eventually making itself more or less a subdiscipline of linguistics (a self-imposed constriction which has only fairly recently been loosened). But Russell treats his subject with characteristic lucidity; the clarity and precision of his logic and phrasing have a certain austere beauty, if that’s the ri ...more
Tyler
May 24, 2012 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is an incredibly good book for somebody just getting started to learn about epistemology. I don't think Russell delves too much into anything else like metaphysics, certainly not logic, art, or ethics. His focus is on epistemology. If knowledge is possible, if a priori knowledge is possible, comparing the rationalist and empiricists, etc.

What I love most about this book is that it reaches a conclusion. Many philosophers prefer to just show the examples of other philosophers ideas but Russel
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Huda AbuKhoti
Sep 28, 2012 rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book gives no answers... It asks and intrigues a multiple of questions and doesn't expect you to have answers for them, either.

Beautifully written and easy to read. It mainly discusses the differences between appearance or perspective and reality, and how truth to us humans is either collected by description or acquaintance.

This question I had no answer to after I finished reading the book: If I become acquainted with something over time, and I started giving descriptions and characteristi
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Charbel
Jan 07, 2014 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: classics, philosophy
The concepts in this book are not unfamiliar to me. I have come across them before, yet I am nowhere near fully understanding them.

I wished Russel would have used more fascinating examples, but unfortunately he was very uniform (it got a bit boring) in his explanations.

I also have to admit that there were parts where I couldn't follow what he was trying to convey.

To philosophy enthusiasts this would probably be a good book, but to me it's just another read.
Mohammad Zakerzadeh
کتابی نیست که بتونم در موردش نظر تخصصی بدم اما به نظرم شاید شروع مناسبی برای خوندن فلسفه نباشه. جدا از اینکه بعضی اوقات بحثها کامل باز نمیشه ترجمه قدیمی و ثقیلش هم باعث میشه فهمیدن کتاب سختتر بشه.
من با اینکه اکثر فصلها رو دوبار و چندبار خوندم ولی خوب متوجه منظور نویسنده نشدم.

بهش ۴ ستاره میدم چون در حد ۴ ستاره ازش خوشم اومده ولی واقعا نمیتونم در مورد کیفیت مطالبش نظری بدم.
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Todd
Jul 18, 2012 rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
The evidence is strong, that there is no doubt, that this is that, and that is this, and this, is a BOORRING read! Thus therefore necessarily concluding the derivative that this book has firmly been judged, and the probability high, that this book is REALLY boring. The end was good though.
Theresa
Jul 15, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Five stars doesn't mean I understood everything; but what I did understand I liked.

The last two paragraphs of the book were gorgeous; and they're just Russell summarizing himself, pfff
Muhammad
Mar 16, 2017 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites, philos
a great intro to philosophy, especially to Theory of Knowledge, laws of thought and Plato's Universals...with valid arguments against Idealism, Kant's Thing in Itself, and empiricism.
Matt Evans
Mar 03, 2010 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I actually read this twice, almost three times. I came to this by way of an article I'd read somewhere in the last three months, which article made a distinction between 'knowledge by acquaintance' and 'knowledge by description.' Russell addresses this matter in Chapter V. So, that's what I'd read first, online (you can find the whole book online, albeit riddled with typos, which make for rather slow going at times). Once I'd read that chapter, I had to read the book.

According to many Goodreads
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Goodreads Librari...: Wrong page count - 019511552X 2 14 Sep 06, 2015 01:25PM  
All About Books: Group Read (February/March) - The Problems of Philosophy, by Bertrand Russell 92 69 Apr 06, 2014 03:48AM  
Quote 2 26 Dec 02, 2013 02:37PM  
  • Naming and Necessity
  • Language, Truth, and Logic
  • On Certainty
  • Philosophical Essays
  • Principles of Human Knowledge & Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
  • From a Logical Point of View: Nine Logico-Philosophical Essays
  • Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking
  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
  • What Does It All Mean? A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy
  • The Logic of Scientific Discovery
  • Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings
  • THE OXFORD COMPANION TO PHILOSOPHY.
  • Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity
  • Sense and Sensibilia: Reconstructed from the Manuscript Notes by C.J. Warnock
  • Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong
17854
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS, was a Welsh philosopher, historian, logician, mathematician, advocate for social reform, pacifist, and prominent rationalist. Although he was usually regarded as English, as he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1950 "in recognition of his var
...more
More about Bertrand Russell...

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“Some care is needed in using Descartes' argument. "I think, therefore I am" says rather more than is strictly certain. It might seem as though we are quite sure of being the same person to-day as we were yesterday, and this is no doubt true in some sense. But the real Self is as hard to arrive at as the real table, and does not seem to have that absolute, convincing certainty that belongs to particular experiences.” 84 likes
“Philosophy, though unable to tell us with certainty what is the true answer to the doubts which it raises, is able to suggest many possiblities which enlarge our thoughts and free them from the tyranny of custom. Thus, while diminishing our feeling of certainty as to what things are, it greatly increases our knowledge as to what the may be; it removes the somewhat arrogant dogmatism of those who have never travelled into the region of liberating doubt, and it keeps alive our sense of wonder by showing familar things in an unfamilar aspect” 63 likes
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